China, constantly fearful United States and several other countries in increasing their own military force, can be made a technological breakthrough, creating a promising fighter 5th generation. In January, 2011. China's triumph debuted the first demo prototype fighter aircraft 5th Generation, known under the symbol J-20, made and built on the 132-m aircraft plant in Chengdu (Sichuan province) under the control of specific brain aircraft was piloted by Yang Wei and Li Gang, a test pilot in the PLA Air Force.
Commenting on the first flight, the international journalistic community argues that plane, demonstrated in Chengdu, is just not only very successful, "collage", collected from different parts of the design of the experimental Russian Su-47 and MiG 1.44, as fighters 5th generation of F-22 and F-35, made in USA. Obviously, military value, even the smallest, this monster has an eclectic and may be suitable only as a propaganda obscure the achievements of science and technology of China.
At the same time, in spite of so much bad reviews in the press, it must be admitted that, contrary to the views of the Chinese vserasprostranennomu to aircraft as a complete "inept" and "in life — plagiarists", they are really one of the first, after the United States and Russia have made layout combat aircraft 5th generation that meets all the requirements of the XXI century. In the middle of other countries with well-developed aircraft industry mate puzzle put in front of him, only Japan, India and South Korea. In Europe, about the fighters of the new 5th generation while generally prefer to keep quiet, concentrating efforts on improving air technology of the 4 + — Aviator "Gripen", "Rafale" and "Typhoon".
Creating the concept of J-20 — this is really a step ahead of Chinese aircraft designers, who for half a century could go the way of fellow Russian students to real experts, world-class professionals who have learned to create the typical design of combat aircraft that combine within themselves the latest world achievements of military science and technology . This, of course, could and should be proud of.
But, paying tribute to the triumph of the Chinese, it should be really relate them to the level which reached the United States and Russia, as before are absolute favorites of world aircraft in the military sphere. Here I must say that from the moment of creation of the demo reference to the start of series production takes quite a long stretch of time. As an example, you can name the story of the creation of the aircraft Lockheed YF-22, which was first demonstrated in 1990, but the optimized production version, popular as "Raptor", appeared only in 2005, 15 years after the first flight of a demonstrator.
According to the Chinese domestic press, referring to "informed sources" in the defense industry and the PLA, the transfer to the PLA Air Force fighter planes of the first copies of the 5th generation will already "in 2018-2019.". But, taking into account the international experience also inherent in the Chinese "aviation industry", "slow", these statements seem to be very optimistic. Perhaps, in this case, refers to the practiced since before the war in the Soviet Union and taken up by the adjacent Chinese comrades so called "mobilization" terms, not real at first, but forcing artists to produce work as hard, not giving yourself the ability to relax.
According to a more balanced assessment of the Pentagon, voiced by U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert Gates, Chinese "Stealth" will reach operational status of combat only in the mid 2020s, about 15 years since the first flight of the fighter-demonstrator. And this time, taking into account a certain amount of optimism, it is possible to recognize more real.
Despite the ample opportunity that the Chinese authorities have provided to all comers, any statements at the official level about the purpose of the modern air machine and its main technical and combat properties have not appeared. In general, try to fill the gap marked with a certain success of countless professionals and amateurs of military aviation.
The plane is a type of monoplane with high-lying delta wings extra space, it is turning vertical and horizontal two-keel front plumage. It can be concluded that the front (bow) and understated part besperepletny canopy designed like a South American F-22, the placement of CHR resembles Russian S-37 "Berkut" vozduhopoglotiteli bristles, suitable for F-35, the keels are very similar in form to the F-35, but at the same time tselnopovorotnym similar to T-50, the tail portion is a similarity MiG 1.44. On each side of vozduhopoglotiteley may be the presence of compartments for air combat missiles little distance, under the center can be fully accommodated two internal bays for armament or one of great size to accommodate long-range missiles, anti-ship missiles. Somewhat awkward look sash main chassis, which has been dubbed "stupid."
On the pages of the print media and online Web meets the view that the main task of J-20 — and to control large naval targets. This is due to the fact that South American multipurpose aircraft carrier compounds are the main danger areas of China. Only the problem is that to deal with a well-protected aircraft carriers complex which will be created on the basis of J-20 is of little use.
As a carrier of small tactical anti-ship missiles (ASM) Strike Group J-20 well is actually harmless to large carrier group. To see this, you just need to make a comparative analysis between the range start light tactical air-based anti-ship missiles, which are in service with China, and now reach of existing or promising options for the South American naval air defense system "Aegis". Also, do not forget that the predicted occupancy stations operational guidance SAM helicopters on deck will raise significantly the effectiveness of "Aegis" in the confrontation wit
h the barely visible targets. Themselves anti-ship missiles with warheads that have a weight of about 150-250 pounds, even in the case of "magic overcome" their anti-missile defense barriers put up by the ships and the protection of the aircraft carrier, almost manage to inflict tangible harm 100,000 tonnomu Sea Giant equipped with a massive set of constructive protection.
The program of creation of the new fighter of the 5th generation now is not the sole driver of reform the aviation industry, which is held in China. Among the drivers of similar concerns programm develop its own internal 100-seat passenger aircraft RJ21. There are a number of other projects that may be, and will not need 100% of the regional aviation industry associations in connection with a broad profile of specialization. It is also understood that the remaining under the auspices of SAE research universities will be transformed into quite the latest municipal structure that is in the middle of Chinese professionals already received symbol Chinese NASA. Of course, that this designation is not only an imitation of the South American style of management of the state of the aviation industry, but also something more.
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