For the first time in the history of Chinese military ships entered the Dark Sea. Chinese destroyer and frigate on July 31 of 2012 passed through the Turkish Straits (the Bosporus) and went to Bulgaria with Short-term visit. According to the Montreux Convention of 1936, warships of states that do not have access to the Dark Sea, may be held in the Black Sea less than 21 th day or if they wish to pass through the Turkish Straits.
Are increasingly Asian vehicles, especially Chinese and Indian, visited the Mediterranean. This usually happens when the service is stopped for a period of several months, they make patrols to combat Somali pirates. But it is not only in the fight against piracy, which attracts Asian fleets in the western waters. Over the past 20 years, the major Asian countries such as India and China, relentlessly increase their defense budgets and increasing maritime trade. For the first time in the last century, defense spending in Asia surpassed Europe. About 80 percent of defense spending in Asia accounted for only 5 countries (China, Japan, India, South Korea and Australia), and China accounts for the lion fraction of these costs.
It is logical that after the end of the Cool War in 1991, the European countries have sharply reduced their spending on defense. This is particularly obvious in the case of Russia, which reduced defense spending by more than 70 percent. But many other European countries have reduced defense spending by 50 percent. After centuries of bitter and devastating wars of Europe, in the end, significantly disarmed. Much of this process has fallen to 1990. Then the trend began to change, partly because of what came out September 11, 2001.
In the last decade, global military expenditure has increased by almost 50 percent and exceeded more than $ 1.4 trillion. This represents about 2.5 percent of world GDP. After the end of the Cool War in 1991, the global defense spending declined and have gained a minimum in the least bit a trillion dollars in year. But by the end of the 1990s, they were once again on the rise. The region with the large increase was the Middle East, where costs have increased by 62 percent over the last decade. The region with the lowest growth of military spending (6 percent) was Western Europe. The crisis of 2008 has suspended military spending at around 1.4 trillion dollars for year or two. But now spending growth has resumed, because in almost all parts of the world recession is over.
One of the reasons that have not changed much is the domination of the South American defense budget, which accounts for about half the cost of the defense of the entire planet. Increasing the defense budget of China, the second largest in the world, is only a quarter of the South American. But at the moment the U.S. defense budget is reduced, while Chinese continues to grow.
China and other Asian countries are making huge fleets to a large extent to protect even more (after the second world war) outside their own trade. These countries import more raw materials and export more manufactured products. Distant campaigns of their own warships, like off the coast of Somalia, listed as a good workout for the protection of distant trade routes. These include the Suez Canal and the Strait of Hormuz.