Constantine Kazenin: Why grows the impact of Georgia in the North Caucasus?

The idea of this post came to me while I was studying the documents of various public organizations in Dagestan, both registered and privately available, who spent the last years rally in Makhachkala. In contrast, for example, from Moscow, Dagestan rallies are held almost exclusively on two occasions: in connection with the disappearances in which their relatives blame the security forces, and in connection with illegal, according to the views of local residents, confiscation of lands. I have, in this case in the main rallies to motivate the second kind, and that's what I read, for example, in an open letter to the 1st of numerous rural "anti-corruption committees" in the name of the authorized representative in the North Caucasus Federal District Alexander Khloponin, who previously members of the same committee complained that bureaucrats illegally selling their land, the village (especially the original spelling and punctuation preserved)

"I'd love to know when you think will fall in our Republic, or you want to pursue further only Chechnya. Although at the time when the last blooms and blossoms, we Dagestantsy sinking into the abyss of corruption and lawlessness officials … Terrible plight of people forced to go to rallies against corruption. Another such meeting 03.10.2011 was held in the mountains. Makhachkala, on Lenin Square, where people come out with posters "No corruption, no bureaucratic arbitrariness," "Georgia will help us gain a democracy" (emphasis added — KK) and this is just the beginning. "

Calls for assistance to the Georgia Dagestan on rallies in fact sounded more than once. This leads to imagine that Tbilisi was able to spend in this region some propaganda campaign. To some extent this is correct. But samopiar Georgia Dagestan has its own target of almost only intelligentsia of the country. Here, it must be admitted, the work is built well enough. For example, the intensely sought contacts with representatives of the Dagestani human environment, who studied Russian at the time in Tbilisi (and there are many, and often it is a very well-known people) are invited to a conference in Georgia, some offer a job there. Provides grants for young humanitarians and journalists. But it is still only applies to work with a fairly narrow stratum of intellectuals. Samples of the same Georgia achieve exposure to a broader audience in the Dagestani population were in the main quite awkward. In fact, It is not clear just about one such attempt: in late 2010, the Georgian parliament perceived delegation, which arrived in the name of tsezov (Didois) — the indigenous people of the western mountainous Dagestan, whose home is on the border with Georgia and which it has historically been tightly woven. According to Georgian media, the delegates were in charge, "as they are treated in Russia." Soon, however, the mandate of the delegates to such statements on behalf of the whole nation was put under the swings, and some perceptible continuation of this story has not received.

Perceptions of Georgia in the Dagestani villagers mention it on their own rallies, rather vague. All questions about the country they usually respond that there "all the law" and "overcome corruption," but somehow develop this idea can not. Hearing such responses, once again convinced that the post-Soviet space — not a priority issue for the channels available to a mass audience in the North Caucasus. Georgia — faster than some character to the participants of protest actions are not enough connected with reality, but very necessary.

To understand the relevance of such prerequisites, you need at least a few to represent the structure of the ground resolution of disputes often arise in the plains of Dagestan. Usually begins with the fact that the inhabitants of some villages are finding that the land that they informally for many years thought to be their, were in a foreign affiliations or sold by the state, or someone rented for 49 years. After which the samples are to defend the land in court, but they are broken down at once on two obstacles. In 1-x, the panel corruption. Seekers of truth in the courts many times know what they were before the court hearing the back of the lawyer approached him and the right reads: "You should not have come, the issue has been resolved." In-2, the latest legal entanglement excavation issues. In this regard, Dagestan is far ahead of most of the Russian regions: it is often found that at the same registered land rights directly to 2-and more than individuals, and this "controlled chaos" sandwiches special legal regime for much of the agricultural land, establishment of a republican legislation. Is there a chance in such a situation for ordinary people to protect their rights earth? Have. You need to make your own protest is very transparent and sonorous, and then a powerful bureaucrat will it tightly. But it will not act as an officially authorized person, as an informal "reshalschik" capable agree with the new beneficiary of the disputed land. If "reshalschika" is not there — the chances to achieve something very small. If you show up in the interests of some sverhvliyatelnogo Republican or a city bureaucrat — that will not help "reshalschik." Quarrel with the villagers for such sverhvliyatelnyh — not the problem: no elections should they be afraid of. It is said that the son of the 1st of these met with the residents of the village, on the ground that without the knowledge of the villagers built a factory, and said bluntly, "I am your land acquired quite legitimately, oh well at least some of you are buying a suit on the market."

In other words, procedural, legitimate method of solving disputes excavation is often absent in principle. Only informal way under the auspices of the non-removable bureaucracy. Those who fail roams along these paths, and there is an image of a fairy-tale "of the country around the corner," where it's different. And the real cost to the authorities of the country, whose title exists in rallies mottos, more intense exercise enthusiasm to Dagestan — it simply will find here a ready support group to help create a "common Caucasian home" with the center in Tbilisi.

For many years, both in Russian political discourse entrenched notion that the viability of the country's foreign policy and the democratization of the inner life — is almost antonyms. Approved, as often assumed as a matter of course, the existence of the following alternatives: either the sovereignty of the country — or the development of democratic institutions, or the hardness and the "subjectivity" in international affairs — or the development of effective competition in the internal politics. The above example clearly shows how insecure oppose these concepts. In the North Caucasus, particularly underdeveloped political and legal system makes a suitable ground for the introduction to the region of the Russian Federation aggressive country.

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