On Lyakhovsky islands in Yakutia scientists recently found preserved in excellent condition remains of the female mammoth. And today, it turned out that the body of a mammoth found preserved liquid blood.
The teeth experts determined that an animal has died at the age of 60 years. According to party Expeditionary Unit, found in animal skeletal only the upper torso, head and left rear leg. A fragments of muscular tissue of the animal is found to have a natural red color. Phenomenal preservation of the body due to the fact that the lower-lying in the ice, while the upper part was outside.
Another surprising fact, according to the scientists, the properties were preserved animal's blood. According to experts, the blood was in the belly of the animal, which was hidden in the ice. When scientists at several locations Kyle broke the ice, catching the animal's belly, the blood began to flow. This was surprising, because the temperature of the air at the time of the excavations held in the -7 to — 10 degrees Celsius.
Accidentally discovered property of the animal's blood has allowed scientists to suggest that the blood of the mammoth has a specific cryoprotective properties. In the near future, scientists plan to conduct additional bacteriological examination of samples of animal blood.
For clarification, I turned to the researcher of the Moscow Paleontological Museum. Yu.A.Orlova, Ph.D., who asked not to name him.
— We found in Yakutia preserved mammoth liquid blood. As for so many years, she could survive?
When you cook the meat, then remove it from the freezer, which had lain there two weeks, put it in a bowl, where it is thawed, and formed a blood-colored liquid. This is what has become the blood and tissue fluids. It therefore follows that the ice crystals that are formed during freezing any tissue tear. Cell-cell membrane and the cell contents, the contents of muscle fibers — they are essentially large cells were exposed.
— It turns out that this is a natural process?
— Of course. Only it's not blood.
— So what?
A liquid substance that arose during thawing carcasses. It is possible that blood could remain in large vessels in the cavity of the heart, aorta, inferior vena cava.
— No, the blood drained out of his belly.
— Some liquids may be in the abdominal cavity …
Expedition leader Semyon Grigoriev told that fragments of muscle tissue found outside the body of the animal, have a natural red color. What's so unusual about it?
— Carcasses are stored differently. It all depends on the conditions in which the primary burial took place. And how long was the carcass surface.
— It is said that the lower-lying in the ice, while the upper part was outside.
The lower part may be closer to the natural color — red. What is thawed, it will naturally vary strongly.
Another amazing fact: that the blood began to flow at temperatures of -7 to — 10 degrees Celsius. Is that possible?
It is, indeed, very strange, as any tissue fluids begin to freeze at a temperature close to zero. Therefore, this fact — no comment. Let's see what experts say Yakut. While all of the information comes from the media.
— Scientists have suggested that the blood of the mammoth has a specific cryoprotective properties. What is this property?
Cryoprotective properties — this is what keeps freezing at low temperatures. But it's also weird because the metabolism of warm-blooded animals at such a low temperature is almost impossible.
— This finding opens up new possibilities for cloning mammoths?
Do not open. Cloning mammoths as well as the discovery of extraterrestrial intelligence — problem solved, but only in principle. In the near future in this regard can not worry. Modern scientific knowledge to the cloning skeptical. But that does not mean that these attempts are absolutely meaningless. They are useless until the present level of development of science.
See also: Who lives in Antarctica in Russia found a mammoth.