August 19, 2012 the government of one of the four provinces of Pakistan's Sindh region declared Tharparkar area affected by drought. 161 of the 166 districts, representing 95% of the territory of the region, are in critical condition. The government plans to provide subsidies or free reserves of wheat and other food and fodder to maintain the population, but when it happens — is still unknown.
The desert zone, which has spread in almost 20,000 square kilometers, is not associated with the irrigation system. Farms and pastures of the region, providing the basic means of subsistence, are entirely dependent on the monsoon rains. "The norm is between 2 and 3 showers at intervals of 3-4 weeks during the rainy season," — said the expert. Despite forecasts of heavy rains, threatening floods in June and July, Tharpakar declared a zone affected by drought.
The region has about 1.5 million inhabitants. The drought has forced at least 30% of the population to move to other arable areas in which to find work and feed for livestock. People do not come back until the next monsoon.
The need for a declaration of drought zones dictated by the fact that usually the lack of rain until August 15 leads to the destruction of crops, and hence to a critical situation for the population living in the region. Tharpakar was in serious condition drought several times: in 1968, 1978, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1995, 1996, 1999, 2001, 2004, 2005 and 2007. This summer monsoon rains do not come to the region.