The memory — odna of mental function, and mental activity prednaznachennaya sohranyat, nakaplivat and reproduce information available. Memorized by Blagodarya we use in everyday life its own experience and the experience of previous generations. Can I kak something to improve it? From what ona zavisit? NA try to answer these questions.
The memory and kratkovremennaya dolgovremennaya
The memory byvaet two types — kratkovremennaya or operativnaya and dolgovremennaya. Students during the night session manage za "zatolkat" in his The memory is a huge amount of information that uletuchivayutsya srazu after ekzamena. Patients with tak nazyvaemoy starcheskoy zabyvchivostyu melchayshih in detail remember events that occurred in childhood or rannem nazad many years, but not in silah uderzhat in my head what was polchasa nazad.
Bill Gates remembers hundreds of codes sozdannogo them programmnogo yazyka
Memorized by the possibility bezgranichny. Schitaetsya that an adult can zapomnit from dvadtsati to sta thousand words. There are people obladayuschie fenomenalnoy The memory. Aleksandr Makedonsky imena remembered all his soldiers. Akademik Ioffe Abram znal naizust all tablitsu logarifmov. Motsartu dostatochno was uslyshat muzykalnoe raz one product to fulfill it and zapisat bumage nA. Proslushav "Miserere" Allegri (9 chastyah), he managed to memorized by zapisat partituru all this work, kotoraya sohranyalas Vatikanom in tayne. In the second proslushivanii Motsart obnaruzhil in his zapisi few wrong notes. The memory is also takoy muzykalnoy obladal and Sergey Rahmaninov. Conductor Arturo Toskanini remembered kazhduyu note of 400 partitur. Winston Churchill znal naizust almost all Shekspira. Dominique OBrayen of Velikobritanii managed zapomnit raspolozhenie peretasovannyh kart one pack za 38 seconds. Bill Gates remembers hundreds of codes sozdannogo programmnogo yazyka them.
Man nachinaet zapominat already in the womb through mother
According to scientists, The memory in the human ploda nachinaet rabotat 20 weeks after zachatiya. During the tests through the abdomen through mother posylalsya audio signal, which could zarodysh slyshat; zatem with ultrazvukovogo skannera provodilas proverka reactions known. It turned out that zarodysh reagiruet nA noise slegka dvigaya body or nogami. Pravda, after the fifth signala he "privykal" to repeat a sound and it could ignorirovat. Repeated same message signala after 10 minutes and dazhe a day, without zarodysh truda raspoznaval znakomy sound. Scientists schitayut that one can in principle to remember what happened to him in the womb of mother-to.
The memory individualna
Ha The memory is influenced by many faktorov. Someone better zapominaet what I saw, someone — that uslyshal. In takih sluchayah say memorized by visual or auditory. Better zapominaetsya subject vyzyvayuschy interest. Obscheizvestna resistance memorized by the senses. In the state of emotsionalnogo podema memorized by inogda vyzyvayutsya things kazalos would davno zabytye. Very vazhna motivatsiya. The man himself schitayuschy Absolute incapable yazykam, popav in another strane a stressful situatsiyu, kogda a question of physical vyzhivanii, zaprosto vyuchivaet language. In many ways, the ability to zapominaniyu zavisit of trainees. Britanskie scientists using Specials skanera issledovali frontal lobe brain mozga, kotoraya zaveduet prostranstve moving in, the drivers taksi predstaviteley and other professions. Okazalas that ona razvita have taksistov gorazdo more. Malo, the better the driver is guided in the city, the more kratkim way he can proehat Locations one to the other, the higher the proportion of its razmeru lobnaya mozga. The volume of gray of the substance as a whole does not change, it just raspredelyaetsya differently.
Rasseyannost — not bad priznak memorized by
The memory is often poor with putayut rasseyannost. But people rasseyannye nA samom really just immersed in their thoughts, their CAUTION kak raz skontsentrirovano but nA something else, a bytovaya interesna information available to them is not. Chasto za narusheniya memorized by prinimaetsya nevnimatelnost, vyzvannaya fatigue, the effects of the disease, that is, a condition in which a person nahoditsya danny time. Oslableniyu memorized by hinder zapahi. This is explained by the proximity to the olfactory tsentra "zapominayuschey" zone mozga. Acute reactions known memorized by nA zapahi apparently zaprogrammirovana: zapahov role in education has been vyzhivanii Ancient Human Being very velika
With vozrastom The memory uhudshaetsya not vsegda
-The memory is bad zhaloby nA uchaschayutsya after 40 years and more so in old vozraste. Ha samom fact, this is not tak. Just thoroughly after Active learning otpadaet nadobnost something zauchivat, propadaet navyk napryagat The memory and ona "detreniruetsya." The actors, who have to learn new roles for life, and with long starosti spravlyayutsya tekstami. Seychas some stranah, naprimer in Germanii and the U.S., chasche people coming nA pension postupayut to universities (usually gumanitarnye fakultety nA), and quite successfully zanimayutsya sdayut ekzameny naravne with young odnokursnikami.
Remember all that impossible. Zabyvat has great skill in znachenie vyzhivanii people. The brain must osvobozhdatsya unnecessary gruza vpechatleny and information. The memory is kak sama would regulate nagruzku, preparing to receive the new information available. In this case, no information available staraya ischezaet completely, but changes from Active to memorized by passivnuyu, otkuda inogda her udaetsya extract. This property zamechatelnoe spasaet many people tragicheskih situatsiyah.
The memory can be improved
Most sluchayah The memory can be improved. Ranee schitalos that adult Human Being mozga cells — neurons — are not divided and gradually otmirayut. Okazalos but it is not tak. Rezultaty last issledovany suggest that neurons divided dazhe 70-year vozraste. Moreover, the cells razmnozhayuschiesya obnaruzheny in samyh "dumayuschih" uchastkah mozga. Seychas scientists schitayu that vozrastnoe oslablenie memorized by svyazano not so much with the physical death of neurons, but with narusheniem kontaktov between. Of the substance, such pomogayuschie The determined kontaktov known. This is primarily vitaminy C, E, B6, B12, beta-karotin, fatty acids, soderzhaschiesya in salmon, tuna, sardinah, herring, Extractor hood of ginkgo biloba rasteniya.
Vpechatlenie, repetition and assotsiatsiya
The average person does not use more than ten percent of their memorized by the innate capabilities. Ostalnye propadayut ninety percent because we do not know how natural polzovatsya zakonami zapominaniya. And these zakony vesma simple. Their three — vpechatlenie, repetition and assotsiatsiya.
Itak, you want anything zapomnit. First, it needs to focus on and get vpechatlenie, using not only vision, but also sound, smell.
Visual vpechatlenie samoe durable. After the nerves leading from the brain to eyes in dvadtsat raz thicker than the nerves leading from the brain uha. Mark Twain could not zapomnit posledovatelnosti his speech, kogda polzovalsya zapisyami, but he threw kogda zapisi and zapominaniya stal polzovatsya risunkami all his problems disappeared.
Zakon memorized by the second — repeat. Thousands of students musulman znayut naizust Koran — a book about a takogo obema, kak New zavet. They udaetsya zapomnit her glavnym obrazom za by repeating.
And nakonets, third zakon — assotsiatsii. The only way a nadezhno zapomnit fakt — it svyazat kakim him-or else.
Trenirovka memorized by
1. After 5-10 minutes of waking kak possible soschitayte obratnom in order from 100 to 1.
2. Repeat alfavit, pridumyvaya nA kazhduyu letter word. If you zabyli Do not forget, it is not a letter or a word can pridumat not ostanavlivaytes. Here vazhen pace.
3. Nazovite dvadtsat male names and the same female.
4. Choose any letter and alfavita nazovite dvadtsat words nachinayuschihsya with her.
5. Zakroyte to eyes and soschitayte to dvadtsati.
6. You can teach poetry. Glavnoe — delat it gradually and regularly, constantly uvelichivaya volume zauchivaemogo teksta. In addition to poetry nravitsya it unto you — if the process will go through zauchivaniya force, good rezultata unlikely udastsya achieve.
7. Vspominayte passing day. In the evening, before bedtime lezha in bed, you need to mentally scroll through all the events of the day, kak film, and in order obratnom — with vechera to utra. One should remember postaratsya kak possible detaley. Glavnoe pravilo this uprazhneniya — not kontsentrirovatsya nA negative. Vspominat events should otstraneno, kak would nablyudaya za them from the side.
8. Sostavlyayte assotsiatsii. Naprimer, all of us in childhood zapominali radugu with frazy "Kazhdy hunter zhelaet znat where sits fazan" where the first letter Words kazhdogo assotsiiruyusya with tsvetami samoy radugi (krasny, oranzhevy, yellow, green, blue, indigo, violet). Exactly the same can be tak popytatsya zapominat events pridavaya assotsiatsii them. Naprimer while reading predstavte myself that walking down the street.
Esch word — is something kakaya her chast. Takim obrazom, razmestiv marshrutu on which you usually go za bread dannye you then they can easily remember. Kazhdy raz for the new information available to new pridumyvat marshruty.
Glavnoe — to bring radost memorized by training, a takzhe osoznavali you need them. Togda next raz unto you do not have to painfully long vspominat name of aktera that igral in the movie you just watched vchera.