— That's how many floating past, all wondering: how this stone on a VERKHOTUROV holding up? He even wanted to climb the rock and push — thoughtfully reasoned man, carrying us on a boat on Sour lip. Upstairs above the edge of the coastal cliffs towered a huge boulder. We immediately recognized him seidh — sacred stone worshiped by the Sami.
"Seid loves gifts and food, favorite Sami. In return, he would pay attention to network drives fish helps in hunting and herding reindeer. For lack of attention, ridicule and rudeness seidh severely punish the perpetrators not only deprivation of crafts, but also diseases, and even death, "- said the researcher Sami shamanism Nikolai Volkov.
From time immemorial, the Lapps were known as strong sorcerers or shamans, which asked for help yet Ivan the Terrible. Lapland magic is closely linked with the cult seids. Typically, each stone had such a legend connected with the life of noiades, from which there was. Tradition states that after his death, the shaman-Noida becomes seidh helping from beyond their own people.
Therefore, the sacred stone demanded respect. Next to it you had to be quiet, to refrain from swearing. Women and children to Seydou prevented. It was believed that if you do not follow these rules, the spirit can leave noiades seidh, and will lose its sacred power.
And this power was considerable. Seid could bring good luck in hunting, heal from illness. Sami believed that the support of the spirit of the stone can obtain when you bring him a sacrifice of animals, fish, tobacco, pieces of fabric, things antlers. Until now, a pile of deer antlers, and more specifically, to perish with their leftovers, you can meet some of the once famous seids Lovozero tundra.
One of the greatest seids Kola Peninsula was the Flying Stone, who was able to visit the famous researcher Sami Vladimir Tcharnolussky. This is a huge multi-ton boulder, an unknown force put on the top of a three-meter cliff. The falls were sure that he came from Scandinavia. After all, can not even imagine how without the involvement of supernatural forces ancient people could pile up on this boulder rock. And what to say, for example, the giant stone weighing 5.10 tons, which sticks out into the center of a vast swamp in dozens of kilometers from where there is no mountain, where he might fall?
However, a number of scientists believe in quite a terrestrial origin seids. Local historian Ivan Vdovin has to take into account the fact that the homogeneous mixing (with the same specific gravity) of rock fines under the influence of gravitational forces falls down, always leaving the top of the coarser fraction. A similar process took place during the movement of the rock glacier: small stones fell down, while no longer stay at the top. When warming the glacier melted and large rocks gently fell to the ground.
However, this theory, there are many opponents who believe that it does not stand up to scrutiny. It is difficult to imagine a glacier that can in one place neatly put on supports hundreds of giant stones. But it is doubtful whether the creators seids may be representatives of the Sami people. After all, they have occupied the Kola Peninsula roughly in the middle of the first millennium BC. A seids appeared in these places for 4-6 thousand years before.
Perhaps the first people lived in the North, owned by a different civilization. They knew how to move and install large and heavy boulders had skills with stones, possessed knowledge of the geological features of the Earth. A Sami may have seen these stones are "established." And since seids very stand out from the surrounding landscape, the northern people "colonized" their spirits.
Sacred stones, dolmens, inaksuity
It should be noted seids surprising similarity to the known to the whole world megaliths (ancient places of worship of the great raw or semi-finished stone blocks. — Comm. Aut.). These stone structures have in Korea, South India, Germany, Holland, Denmark and the UK. If there had been some seids not on the Kola Peninsula, and, say, in Scotland, they would certainly have called dolmens. A similarity with seids inaksuitami found in eastern Canada (near Halifax) and the United States, is simply amazing. Unlike most European dolmens Canadian inaksuity are huge chunks, put into small stones, and the number of stones stands is the same as that of seids Northern Europe. According to the traditions of the Inuit (Inuit — Eskimos in Canada), as well as in the cult of the Sami inaksuity (seids) were not only the minister and the guidelines, but also sacred gates of the transition between worlds.
Who were the builders of these stone structures? Why did the ancient inhabitants of the Arctic erected among the endless tundra amazing stone structures that have received the poetic name of "flying stones Lapland?" The answers to these questions, from the XVII century, scientists and researchers are looking for. But the megaliths of northern Russia are reluctant to reveal their secrets.
Cult use seids diverse and meets the needs of the entire spectrum of pagan religions. According to one legend Sami fishermen go to sea, leaving part of his soul on the banks of the Stone seidh that in the event of their death it is not some kind of monster devoured. Some seids used sporadically, in connection with calendar events, or otherwise. Other seids were personified and were related to a particular person (who may have a few of their sacred sites or stones). There are legends that say that the stone has been accessed seids people. And if the archipelago Cars in seids turned Swedes caught the storm here, then somewhere else in one of the seids turned sorcerer. Some seids have names. For example, the Flying seidh and steam seids Praudedki (stone outcrops in the form of human heads — "The Old Man" and "Old Woman") on the river Ponoy Kola Peninsula.
By the way
Sacred stones are found in Karelia, on the Kola Peninsula and in Scandinavia. Their main distinguishing feature — the instability.
Sacred stones are as follows:
stone pyramids, standing alone or on the tops of boulders;
boulders on pedestals — "stone legs" (usually in the amount of three pieces);
partially raised boulders or put in an unstable position (brick on edge, top down, hovering over the precipice, and so on);
construction of a number of stones put on each other;
boulders on supports installed above a crack in the rock;
Stones set at an angle of 45 degrees on the rocks, and other