The magazine "Discovery" № May 2009
Publications about Bigfoot long since moved from the category of the world's sensations in the category of entertaining reading. Back in 1970 a famous journalist Yaroslav Golovanov noted that Bigfoot is "stigma smile." And in recent years, virtually no journalistic investigation on this subject is not without a certain percentage of mockery. Representatives of the "big" science researchers called amateurs problems, arrogantly dismissing made their discovery. However, research in this area is ongoing and replenished with new and new evidence. DISCOVERY Journal begins a series of articles about Bigfoot and other unknown, controversial and extinct creatures.
It is believed that in Russia the study of Bigfoot began a century ago. Even in 1914, zoologists Vitaly Khakhlov from 1907 conducted the search for a "wild man", and surveys of the local population on the territory of Kazakhstan, sent a letter to the leadership of the Academy of Sciences, which justified the existence of human-like creatures. Khakhlov gave them a specific name Primihomo asiaticus (first man Asian) and insisted on organizing the expedition for the detection of viable individuals. But the letter fell into the category of "no scientific value", and subsequent events, including World War I, and all pushed the solution to this problem for decades.
Sasquatch (aka Bigfoot, Yeti and Sasquatch) first came to public attention in 1950, when climbers in many countries have become "master" the highest peaks of the world. A little more than half a century ago, in 1954, held the first special expedition to search for the Yeti in the Himalayas. It was organized by the British tabloid "Daily Mail" on the initiative and under the leadership of the newspaper, the journalist Ralph Izzard. The impetus for the preparation of the expedition were the photographs of the mysterious traces of a biped on the snow made the Englishman Eric Shipton during the ascent of Everest in 1951.
In the high monasteries have found evidence proving that live in the Himalayas (or, at least, lived) huge humanoid creature covered with fur.
Izzard very thoughtfully went to the charges of the expedition, who took almost three years. During this time, he read all the publications on the topic in libraries around the carefully picked professionals to the basic structure of the expedition, has agreed to help the Sherpas — the indigenous inhabitants of the Himalayan highlands. Although Bigfoot Izzard caught (and this is another problem posed), there have been many reports of meetings with him, and in high monasteries have found evidence proving that live in the Himalayas (or, at least, lived) huge humanoid creatures covered with hair. According to the descriptions of local residents by the British anthropologist, son of the first wave of immigrants, Vladimir Tchernetsky recreated the look of the Yeti.
A unique photograph taken during an expedition in the forest near Vyatka (Orichevsky district) 200V year: shaggy creature, move on two legs, filmed from a distance of about 200 meters, after which it ran away, leaving huge footprints.
In 1958 the Academy of Sciences of the USSR created a "Commission to study the question of Bigfoot" and sent a costly expedition to search for the Yeti in the high mountains of the Pamirs, but, in contrast to Izzard, did not bother any serious training. Mission headed by Cyril Stanyukovich botanist, and among his colleagues there was no expert on large mammals. Needless to say that the result was a frustrating experience: a lot of money has been spent, as we would say today, "non-target costs." It is not that Stanyukovich absolutely not justified the hopes of high-ranking officials. Based on these results, he created geobotany satin high mountains of the Pamirs, but after his expedition of the Academy of Sciences officially closed the topic of studying Bigfoot. Since then, all searching for the Yeti in the country were carried out exclusively by enthusiasts.
YETI on film
However, in a short period of its existence, the commission managed to gather a large number of eyewitness reports of encounters with "people of the mountains". There were several of informational materials. All the work was carried out under the supervision of Professor Boris Porsche-neva, who founded a new direction in the science of man and his origins — hominology. In 1963, marked "For Official Use Only" edition of only 180 copies published his volume monograph "State of the issue of relict hominids," in which Porshnev outlined the available data and derived theory. These ideas were developed in the following years a professor in the articles of popular science publications and summarized in his book, "The beginning of human history" (1974), released posthumously. Boris Porshnev died of a heart attack, when was the last time the publication of this work was quashed and set the book broken up.
In his writings Porshnev expressed the idea that "snow people" — surviving to the present day Neanderthals, adapted to the natural conditions without tools, clothing, fire, and, most importantly, the speech as a means of communication. This, according to the scientist, — the most important differentiator man distinguishes it from the rest of the animal world.
In 1960 Expeditions moved mostly to the Caucasus. The main credit goes to the doctor of biological sciences, Alexander Mashkovtseva, traveled the length and reproach several regions of the Caucasus and has collected a wealth of material. Expeditionary work and headed for many years led Marie-Jeanne Coffman. The participants exchanged information searches on the results at meetings of the seminar on the problem of relic hominids, founded in 1960 at the State Darwin Museum in Moscow famous naturalist Peter Smolin. After the death of Smolin's workshop until now headed Dmitry Bayanov.
While in the Soviet Union Bigfoot problem was discussed with the theoretical position in the U.S. and Canada, there was a major breakthrough in the search field. October 20, 1967 American Roger Patterson film was filmed with a female hominid specimen in a forest in Northern California and do some plaster casts of its footprints. The film was coldly received by the scientific community, without any study has been rejected Smithsonian center and declared a fake. Patterson died five years later from cancer of the brain, but still appear in print materials, trying to accuse him of fraud. But back in 1971 the Russian hominology, among whom was yours truly, as a result of painstaking research have recognized the film authentic. Our study film still remains the most important evidence of its truth. American experts have only recently begun to be seriously study and have confirmed the findings of the Soviet Union nearly 40 years ago.
EXAMINATION OF STUDYING FILM Patterson, Russian (then Soviet) CONCLUSION THAT IT IS AUTHENTIC. They settled their findings the following arguments:
The exceptional flexibility of the ankle being depicted in the film, unattainable for humans.
Large compared to human foot is very flexible in the rear direction. On this first drew attention Dmitry Bayanov. Later it was confirmed by an American anthropologist Jeff Meldrum as described in their publications.
Heel Bigfoot stands back more than a man. This corresponds to the typical structure of the foot Neanderthals. For much weight is being justified by a rational application of the force of muscles.
In researching the film Dr. Dmitry Donskoy, who was then head of the Department of Biomechanics Institute of Physical Education, came to the conclusion that the gait being quite typical of Homo sapiens and practically can not be reproduced.
In the film, the game is clearly visible muscles on the body and limbs, which rejects the assumption of a suit. The whole anatomy of the body and especially the low stance of the head distinguishes it from being a modern person.
Measuring the oscillation frequency of the hands and the comparison with the speed at which the film was made, indicate high growth being (about 220 cm) and, given the complexion, large weight (greater than 200 kg).
CLAN Bigfoot in Tennessee
In December 1968, two world-renowned cryptozoologist, Ivan Sanderson (USA) and Bernard Eyvelmans (France), examined the frozen corpse of a hairy humanoid creature. Later, they publish a report in the scientific press. Eyvelmans identified the victim as a "modern Neanderthal man", having declared this truth of reciprocating compressors.
Meanwhile, the search for Bigfoot continued in the Soviet Union. The most significant results were obtained from the work of Marie-Jeanne Coffman in the North Caucasus, the search for Alexandra Burtseva in Kamchatka and Chukotka, a very large scale and successfully passed the expedition in Tajikistan and the Pamir-Alai under Tatsla from Kiev Igor and Igor Burtsev, and in Western Siberia and the Lovozero (Murmansk region) nebezrezultatno conducted searches Maya Bykov, Vladimir Pushkarev gathered a lot of information in the Komi and Yakutia.
Pushkarev expedition ended tragically in September 1978, he went alone on an expedition in the Khanty-Mansi and missing.
In 1990, the search expeditions virtually stopped due to a sudden change in the socio-political situation in the former Soviet Union. After a while, thanks to the development of the Internet by Russian researchers were able to develop strong contacts with European and overseas counterparts. In recent years, interest in Bigfoot was strong, there are new areas of detection of hominids. In 2002, Janice Carter, the owner of a farm in Tennessee, said in an interview that next to her possessions for more than half a century, the whole clan lives bigfoot. According to the woman, the elder "snow" of the family was about 60 years old, and "familiarity" with him took place when Janice was just seven years old.
In the next issue we will dwell on this amazing event and the main action hero stories. You will find a story about the unique finds and incredible discoveries.
A mysterious creature from Burganefa really looks like a Neanderthal
Janice Carter Meets Bigfoot. Picture taken from the words of the woman and precision shows the proportions of creatures and shows how they communicate.
Some time ago, the Russian hominology accidentally stumbled upon the information that in 1997 in France at the provincial fair in the town of Burganef demonstrated frozen body "Neanderthal" supposedly found in the mountains of Tibet and smuggled delivered from China. In this story, a lot of unknown. The owner of the trailer, which was transported to the cold store "Neanderthal", disappeared shortly after the pictures of the body of the deceased Bigfoot leaked to the French press.
Disappeared and the trailer itself with its priceless contents, all attempts to find him for 11 years turn out to be in vain. Photos frozen body showed Janice Carter, who are more likely to confirmed that it is not fraud, but really the corpse of Bigfoot.
Despite serious difficulties, mainly of a financial nature that research on Bigfoot continues. Recognition of official science like humanoids lead to major changes in many areas of knowledge related to the study of man, will penetrate the mystery of its origin, will have a significant impact on the development of culture, religion, and medicine. Using the terminology of positive, this will lead to the scientific revolution and radical change in the issue of the definition of man as such and make it stand out from the animal world.
Unusual structure, made from the trunks and branches of trees found in the state of Tennessee. Such structures are often found in impassable forests. Their purpose is unknown, but is likely because the Yeti somehow represent their territory. Igor Burtsev (pictured) is convinced that the huge family home to Tennessee Bigfoot.
More Nostradamus warned about the appearance of human-animal hybrids. Experiments on vivisection, that is, surgical intervention in a living organism in order to create other creatures, including humans (or the like), were still in the XIX century, but the nickname which no avail. About the earlier "research" this kind of data is not present. At the very least, doctors and alchemists of the Middle Ages to such experiments have not used (it was a way to fire the Inquisition), satisfied with attempts to grow in test tubes homunculi.
Experiments on the removal of human-like creatures have been widely (in certain circles) spread in the early 1920s. Disciple of Academician Ivan Pavlov, a biologist Ilya Ivanov began to conduct experiments on crossbreeding humans and chimpanzees by artificial insemination. Experiments were carried out on volunteers and lasted more than 10 years, until the death of Ivanov in 1932, which followed under very mysterious circumstances.
Why were these experiences? The reason is simple at first glance — the ability to create some hybrids for use in harsh and hazardous conditions and, possibly, for organ donation. However, results of experiments are unknown. True, there are raw data that somewhere in the mines of the Gulag prisoners met hairy ape-men.
But is it possible to create such beings and other humanoid monsters? Genetics negative answer to this question, as a human chromosome 46 and the chimpanzee — 48, and, therefore, artificial (and natural) fertilization impossible. But Ivanov when exposed to egg might well apply chemicals, drugs, radiation, and any other drastic methods. It is sometimes possible that in nature, it is possible in the laboratory.
Japanese climber claims to have uncovered the mystery of Bigfoot, and now with this problem for decades haunt the minds of seekers of mysterious phenomena over. After 12 years of research, Ma Nebuka which concluded that the legendary Yeti in the Himalayas is not nothing but a black bear (Ursus thibetanus).
"The reality is rarely as scary as the idea of it," — says a smiling Nebuka, one of the leading members of the Alpine Club of Japan, at a press conference in Tokyo, dedicated to the release of his book, which summarizes years of research the problem of "Bigfoot".
In addition to unique photos. Nebuka engaged and linguistic studies. In particular, the analysis of interviews with the people of Nepal, Tibet and Bhutan revealed that the notorious "Bigfoot" — a corruption of "methyl", which means "bear" in the local dialect. A myth has almost become a reality due to the fact that Tibetans believe honey-driving "Bigfoot" powerful and scary creatures with supernatural powers.
These concepts were combined and became a "Bigfoot" explains Nebuka. In support of his position, he shows a photo-bear "Bigfoot", the head and legs of which are stored in one of the Sherpas as a mascot.
DO YOU KNOW THAT …
• The name "Bigfoot" — tracing from the Tibetan "kangmi Metohija," as they call it being.
• Scientists studying the yeti, the consensus is that the life of this creature is 250-300 years.
• Cryptozoology have not only casts of footprints, hair and feces yeti, but also fragments of his home is being built on the ground and in the trees. Scientists are convinced that to build a structure made of twigs and seal the walls with grass, leaves, soil and feces, it takes considerable strength and intelligence.
• The most incredible version of the appearance of a snowman tried to offer Finnish scientists. They argued that the yeti — the aliens, and disappearing, they are transported to their planet.
• In Malaysia, the Yeti is considered a deity, called it "Hunt yarangas Gigi" (a literal translation — "the spirit with widely spaced teeth"), and the National Park End-Rompin there is even a small chapel with a statue of Bigfoot, to which the faithful come to pray.
• American Society of cryptozoologists in Tucson (Arizona) declared a reward of 100,000 dollars to anyone who can find and deliver the corpse of Bigfoot researchers, and one million dollars to anyone who can catch him alive.
The magazine "Discovery" № May 2009.