In Russian folk tradition world of the dead is understood as a parallel world of the living. In cemeteries south-western Russia, even today you can see the tombs built by small wooden houses in which the soul lives supposedly dead …
So the soul can drink
"After the establishment of the fact of death of the deceased is washed. Regardless of who died — a woman or a man, a special body wash old woman. They departed and dress in new clothes and nenadevannuyu left for two days in the house."
Almost everywhere, the day of death of the deceased in the house put on the window sill with a glass of water, so that his soul could drink. This glass is up to 40 days (water changed daily), for the soul of the deceased in the house for up to six weeks.
"As long as the dead man in the house, he was not left alone. Relatives of the deceased are invited to chitalschitsu (usually older women), which is responsible for reading the Gospels and the Book of Psalms. Invited old women here are the memorial service."
Up to now, there are a lot of magical tools to not be afraid of the dead. Most often advised to hold him by the hand and foot in a sign that you do not wish him any harm and want to be with him in the world.
"When the dead sew a shroud, you should sew it rarely is called on the live thread, needle and not to themselves, because to this day it is believed that otherwise the house will die."
"Hands folded on the chest of the deceased so as to lay the right over the left. If the dead person has no time to stiffen, the hands could not help in this situation, can open … In this case, we say that the dead want someone else from the family lay with me. "
"A bad omen been considered if the dead eyes open. Said earlier that he had someone looks or say goodbye to someone else wants. Eyes in such cases cover with a cloth or put on top of small coins."
After the coffin for the deceased will left with scraps, shavings and wood chips carefully collected and placed in the coffin with the dead or buried in the ground. In some areas mentioned items at once at the end of the burn.
If done for the deceased coffin beyond measure — a sign that soon in the same house would be another dead.
According to popular notions, the dead are just in need of food, clothing and warmth. In Russian villages (and partly in the cities) and is currently in the coffin lay a replacement pair of underwear or even another costume.
Smoker to put a pack of cigarettes. Also decided to bury the deceased things especially loved them in life — such as watches.
Until the third spade
Normally funerals (except for any emergency situations) are appointed for a third day. And generally it is believed that the dead must be buried before lunch.
"After the coffin of the deceased in the house is sure to wash the floor — to the deceased did not return. Forget coffin lid in the house where the dead man carried — portends another corpse in a short time in the same house."
In Russian villages up to 30 years of XX century coffins were on hand-woven canvas, now worn on a long towel. Relatives of the deceased can not bear not to think that they are glad of his death.
The funeral procession, usually stops at intersections and at the church. Hay, which was lying on the bench (or table) dead, and sometimes the whole bed, take with them and burned at the river or outside the village.
Before lowering into the grave there previously thrown a coin, "so it was dead." This is explained by a belief that the old dead without money do not give space and, therefore, need to buy a place. If the coins are not in the grave to give up — the dead do not take the beginner, and every night he would go to his mother asking him to buy the place.
Almost universally believed that the dead man hears and sees everything as long as it will not fall into the pit, and only after the third spade earth thrown into the grave, the dead shall be attached to the sky and forever freed from worldly vanities.
When they bury the body, accompanied the corpse to the grave sit down and eat with them brought food. Then, leaving, taking with them the earth from the grave, not to be afraid of the dead. Back at home, before the shutter opened and looked into the furnace, and the land was placed in vanity and then washed.
At the mention of the soul
After the funeral, arranged throughout the wake. In Russia, a memorial or parent days are Tuesday at the second week after Easter (Radunica), Saturday in front of the Trinity (Dukhovskaya Saturday) and Saturday between 1 and 8 November (Demetrius Saturday).
"The funeral days as citizens and country people generally go to the cemetery to visit their deceased relatives, have lunch on the graves and leave the food there — the birds of the devil."
In addition to establishing the memorial days to the present day is observed to commemorate the tradition of the deceased on the 9th, 20th and 40th day after death, and for six months and a year. And then — "for pity."
Funeral ceremony usually consists of visiting the grave of the deceased and the funeral dinner, which invited his friends and relatives.
"At the mention of the soul no money, no food to spare can not. Believed that the" dead man at the door is not necessary, but its takes. "Dead man waiting hint of thirty years!" And at the end of this period may severely avenge especially forgetful. "
It is imperative to remember the departed before lunch and in no way in the evening, and even more so after sunset.
Where to bury suicides
For centuries in Russia was considered an important issue, where to bury suicides. The people was taken not to move them away from the place of death, because, in any case, will be suicidal for the full seven years to come to the place where he committed suicide. If circumstances do not permit to bury a suicide, where he died, to a new location it always transferred through the intersection of roads. In this case, suicide, coming home and when you come to the intersection, goes astray and does not go further.
A special place for the burial of suicides were all kinds of field boundaries and land holdings. Buried them in the forests and swamps. According to popular belief, all these places is the concentration of all the forces of evil: Polevikov, devils, Bolotnikov. Since suicide is never respected by the living, it was considered most appropriate to bury them in the birthplace of evil. One of the most popular places to bury suicides believed and sank into the ground, because from there it really does not get it.
"For suicide in post-reform Russia even special rules established church. So, in 1697, from the depths of the Moscow Patriarchate came a curious document, which read: A person who slaughters or swimming and boasting, disappear, or wine opetsya, or swing will kill or a different kind of death he is with his hands maintains self: those dead bodies in the church of God, and not bury them over to order the funeral service, and lay in the woods or on the field, except for the cemetery. "
Threshold — the boundary between home and the world of evil spirits
"Oh, not through the door, not through the door — the familiar cry, when we opened the door, holding out his hand in greeting. And while often add: It is not good! And why — few have remembered. And for good reason. Indeed abandoned grave in the woods and on the edge of the field was not the only place to find their final resting place, those who voluntarily gave up his life. "
In the views of our ancestors threshold was a place special. He served as a kind of mystical boundary between itself and the house full of evil spirits around the world. And it was buried under the threshold of those who have gone to the other world not by choice: suicide (except drowning — they were left in the water), stillborn or unbaptized babies.
"There was a belief that the spirits of the dead are sitting at their bodies, or even at the door, and not alone, but in a society guests arriving from the cemetery. It follows from all of the beliefs the treatment of the threshold."
By the way, due to the close proximity with the dead, served as an altar threshold for all kinds of ceremonies: wedding, funeral, about the birth of children. And also was the site of many magic acts.
In ancient India, for example, the bride entered the house of his betrothed, was to see to it to step through the door with his right foot and did not touch his foot, as it is foretold to her unexpected death. In pre-Christian Rome, a pair of newlyweds met on the threshold of fire and water. In many countries, young, on their way to a wedding, crossed the threshold of where you put the tip up with an ax. Having overcome that hurdle, they could have peacefully in the future. The custom of making his wife at the hands of the house, now known throughout the civilized world, stems from the belief in spirits under the threshold. A brave young man, fearing that his lovely not inadvertently hurt a spirit, as a result would bring death to itself, preferring to risk their own lives.
Threshold has also played a very significant and important role in superstitions concerning children. Returning from the baptismal godmother baby bore through the shell, spread out on the doorstep to keep warm and comfortable life. When a child begins to walk, it was necessary to ensure that, crossing the threshold for the first time, he was not barefoot, or grow out of it and ragged beggar.
Widespread custom of the Old Slavonic was and remains to this day knocking on the threshold of the grave of the dead forever goodbye to their home, family and mortal life.
Category: Mystery and Mysticism