Thai scientists from the National University of Agriculture raised two new "deep" variety of rice, which are able to "survive" in the floods.
Rice in Southeast Asia do not sow, and planted in the fallow ground at the flooded fields. The depth of water for ordinary rice should not exceed 30-35 cm. With an excess of water the plant begins to rot on the vine and harvest perishes. During the disastrous floods last year in Thailand was flooded more industrial than agricultural areas, but even at that rate to a quarter of the crop in 2011 was lost.
New rice varieties can "survive" in a month by flooding one meter, according to the Thai newspaper "Khom Chat lyk." One of sorts — the so-called "floating" rice — grows leaves with long "whiskers" that float on the surface and allow the plant to receive enough sunlight. Second grade is different extra long stems that can grow above water at high water, the newspaper said, with reference to the information department of the ministry of agriculture of the country.
Both varieties have already been tested on farms in real flooding in the province of Nakhon Nayok in areas up to 15-20 hectares and as fit, the report said.
Rice — Thailand's main export agriculture. Climatic conditions allow the Thai farmers to grow three crops of rice per year.
By revenue in foreign currency in the Thai economy, he shares the first place with the export of automobiles and tourism. Global warming and related phenomena worsen conditions for growing this crop, exports of which Thailand has repeatedly found himself in first place in the world. New rice varieties will help to keep the lead in the global market, according to the article.