BTR "Stryker" was developed with the American company «General Dynamics Land Systems» and the Canadian branch of the company GMC «General Motors Defence» on the basis of a Canadian armored vehicle LAV III «Kodiak" 8×8, which, in turn, has Swiss roots. APC has been made must comply with the latest concept of the "Army of the new type."
Management of promising developments with the support of the U.S. Defense Army developed and adopted in 2000, the decision to develop specialized mechanized brigade filled with wheeled armored "Stryker". Opting for an eight 19-ton armored vehicle made based on the LAV III, ensured its airmobile. This APC can be flown in at least some troubled region by transport aircraft C-130 (1 unit on board), C-17 (2 units on board) and C-5 (4 units on board). At the same time, more languid tanks "Abrams" and BMP "Bradley" unrealistic transported by C-130 transporter. So Makar, strategic mobility in teams, armed with armored "Stryker", more than the highest. Already in November 2000, the U.S. Army concluded chetyrehmilliardny contract for a period of 6 years, which foresaw the purchase of 2,131 vehicles of various modifications to arm their first six mechanized brigades.
Machine was named "Stryker" in honor of the 2-U.S. Army, Stewart and Robert Stryker, distinguished and died during the second World War and the Vietnam War, respectively. On arms mechanized brigades are "Striker" 2-main types — APC and BMTV (fighting machine with languid arms), the latter armed with a 105 mm cannon. In addition were made BRM, engineering and command and staff vehicles, machinery advanced artillery observer, sanitary and recovery vehicles, self-propelled mortars and machine kitted TOW-2 anti-tank systems. South American spetsy believed that his fighting abilities once again made mechanized brigades will not yield to already available as part of the U.S. Army "heavy" units.
BTR "Stryker" is appropriate for this machine assembly: the engine is placed in front of the right, a driver's left of it, and the whole middle and aft are allocated to the fighting compartment for landing. APC has a crew of two people (driver and commander) and is capable of carrying 9 people landing. Relatively massive reservations to protect the crew and troops from the fire of the guns of small caliber 14.5 mm sides and stern, and 30-mm projectiles from his forehead body at distances greater than 500 meters. Bullet-proof tires have a centralized pumping system.
The main armament APC located in remote controlled device, mounted on the commander's cupola. The unit has a uniform holder, allowing fast enough to set the right tool. It may consist of a 12.7-mm machine gun M2 (2,000 ammunition rounds), 40-mm grenade launcher Mk19 (448 grenades ammunition) or 7.62 mm M240 machine gun (4,500 rounds ammunition). At the same apparatus is 4 blocks Quadruple smoke grenade. BMTV has a separate tower with a 105-mm gun (32 shots), and the crew increased to 3 people.
Commander of the "Stryker" is using the specialized system for digital data transmission Force XXI Battle Command Brigade and Below (FBCB2), which allows the exchange of graphical and textual information between the individual battalions and machines. The display unit commander of the tactical situation allows the machine on a digital terrain map location to put its own forces and the forces of the enemy, with all this, all data is automatically transmitted to each machine unit. To clear positioning on the ground personnel carriers equipped with a navigation system «Raytheon» AN/TSQ-158. In the possession of the driver are three periscope device M17, also night vision device AN/VAS-5. In turn, the commander of the machine monitors the combat situation in seven M45 periscopes and separate monitors and thermal imaging cameras.
In the motion APC is driven by a diesel engine manufacturing firm "Caterpillar" with a capacity of 350 hp This engine propels 19-ton car to the maximum speed on the highway at 97 km / h In conjunction with the engine running 6-speed automatic production of "Allison". APC can not swim.
In 2003-2005, the data armored vehicles passed its baptism of fire in Iraq. Their battle debut came out not the best, the military has collected them a huge amount of claims. The military are not satisfied with the huge size of the APC at a relatively small zabronevom volume, low vitality chassis and rather weak booking, useless against modern anti-tank warfare. According to the available disk imaging, military U.S. Army inclined to think that the "Striker", and of other wheeled armored personnel carriers will not be able to completely change the more languid tracked vehicles in the not to distant future.
Evaluating the effectiveness of the machine as a result of combat operations in Iraq
Estimated to combat the introduction of APC "Stryker" by South American military in Iraq was made a special report, which was dedicated to the effective use of the machine. According to the views of military professionals, this machine does not meet the task so that it is being that its subsequent modifications to be implemented in the armed forces are unlikely to occur.
According to the views of a fighter who had to deal with this machine in Iraq, it proved to be very unreliable, poorly protected against small arms and anti-tank guns, which has low firepower, which also has significant structural deficiencies. In the middle of pluses APC was marked only the ride and comfort when driving in hilly terrain, which is the hallmark of all the wheeled armored vehicles compared to tracked vehicles.
According to the soldier, who happened to make war on the "Stryker" armored personnel carriers can be destroyed with one successful hit out of the ordinary RPG-7. In order to somehow protect APC from this very vserasprostranennogo guns, all the cars that are in Iraq, have been equipped with special protivokumulyativnymi bars. These grilles are designed to undermine the cumulative ammunition before the merits of their armor. With all of this lattice such
that in fact stopped only about half a pomegranate, quite seriously overload the APC. Because of what the mechanics, drivers are required to inspect the tire pressure 3 times per day.
The active use of such enhanced APC for the 1st day or there are real need for substitution of tires, which was aggravated by severe neuvvyazkami the supply because the South American convoys often suffer from attacks of Iraqi guerrillas. Increases the weight of the machine becomes severe inconsistencies and during heavy rain. In such criteria "Striker" in general try not to use it because they are not only unable to move over rough terrain, and get stuck on muddy dirt roads, and the relatively weak engine machines such criteria rather rapidly breaks down.
Were the military claims to arms. That is, they are not satisfied with the option of weapons Mk19 grenade launcher. Also, what of it is virtually impossible to hit targets NIGHT MODE, in the criteria of a bad visibility and in motion, he is a danger to themselves and the military. The fact is that the commander's located just in front of the grenade launcher, and in the case of spontaneous firing officer may die. Caused prirekaniya and fire control system "Stryker". Namely, used black-and-white screen on which you are pointing a grenade launcher. This screen does not distinguish the color of vehicles that the criteria of the police operation is quite an important factor.
Other than that the car is characterized and other small fixes, among which the military have noticed the awkward design of seat belts. This small at first glance flaw was a prerequisite for the death of three soldiers in the end a number of armored vehicles rollover accidents.
In general, the loss of the middle of the crews' Straykrov "were quite small — only 17 people. But it is necessary to mean that the machines began to be used in Iraq after the end of active combat phase in late spring 2003. All the attacks on them were carried out only with the help of roadside bombs and rocket-propelled grenades obsolete. In addition, after it became clear that these are not safe at first armored personnel carriers for their own crews, their implementation has been very limited.
Despite the so unflattering, military from the "Striker" is not abandoned. In August, 2008 army United States signed a new contract for the supply of 615 vehicles to the end of 2011 for a total of 1.2 billion dollars. All new armored personnel carriers, most likely, will get a dynamic system of protection that will be called to change the grid protection used in war zones. Its delivery kits to the troops was planned for 2010, and the price of the contract is 150 million dollars. Dynamic protection consists of a special plate fixed on the armor "Stryker" on the outside. Installing such protection significantly increases the resistance to the use of APCs different types of weapons, first RPG.