Last weekend gave a descent of several fascinating news related to the Russian Ministry of Defense Cooperation with foreign manufacturers of military equipment. Procurement of military equipment abroad permanently cause a wave of criticism, especially after the contracts for the supply of the French ships, Israeli drones and Italian armored vehicles. Recent announcements quite enthralling to see them in detail and to understand how such cooperation is in our interesam.Vo-1-x, the representative of the Italian company «Oto Melara» Bruno Farina opened a little sense of resonance purchases for the test series wheeled armored vehicles «Centauro». Let me remind you that bought four cars with various weapons, called the latest wave of rumors about their statement on the Russian Army and the betrayal of the Russian manufacturers.
Since the plans for re-enters the Russian newcomer wheeled armored vehicle, which is in the highest degree of readiness and created at the request of Defense, it was reasonable to assume that the Italian machines we motivate some technical features, familiarity with which it might be useful for the Russian industry. This is all the more possible that all four have different reference armament (Caliber guns with 120 mm, 105 mm, 30 mm, 25 mm). And so, the representative of the Italian company («Oto Melara»), which produces just adopted these machines, on Tuesday said about another nuance of cooperation. He said that the purpose of the tests in Russia is not licensed assembly, and the "integration of military technology in both countries." And specifically, investigated the possibility of using Russian rockets to the Italian military vehicles.
Then we can talk about the Russian anti-tank complexes "Cornet" or "Attack-T," which is already used as an additional weapon armored vehicles. And also about the range of the missile is shot through the barrel of a tank gun, made in the west the benchmark 120-mm or even 105 mm, similar to Russian "Svir" and "Reflex". All of these systems could greatly expand the fighting ability of Italian machinery. This explains why one of the leading global companies producing modern weapons systems armored vehicles, went to unprecedented cooperation with Russia, allowing detailed study of their products. For the creation of joint armaments, «Oto Melara» does not preclude the formation of the Russian-Italian joint venture.
Another "sensational" news came from Paris exhibition Eurosatory-2012 arms. Visit the exhibition of the General Staff Nikolai Makarov, the chief, after examining board of the Finnish company «Patria Vehicles», which introduced the latest version of the self-propelled mortar «NEMO Plus» wheeled armored vehicle chassis «Patria», stated that our home would wish to test this car. Naturally, after the tests will be reviewed and opportunity procurement. Because of this statement made by commentators here concluded that the management of the armed forces again wanted to bring Russian industry. But let's look at this issue more closely.
"Artillery« NEMO »with a 120-mm mortar in the tower has a small chance of radial shelling, very small-size, weighs 1.5 tons, this can be installed on a variety of chassis. Automatic loading is done with the breech (recharge takes a few seconds.) Application of modular propellant charges and automatic control allows you to fire at targets in the "barrage of fire" which provides for up to 6 shots with different trajectory of the projectile (with a different elevation of the barrel), which hit the target once. This mode is very important in today's high-quality criteria for counter-battery artillery reconnaissance and combat. At this point in the armies of the NATO definition of coordinates leading consuming battery is made through the motion of projectiles in the automatic mode, with automatic transfer of data to the same oppression of its its missile and artillery means of ASUV. It does not allow even a self-propelled artillery batteries fire a long lead from the 1st place without the risk of retaliatory fire, as the reaction time means of combating counter-battery is several minute. Mode "barrage of fire" allows the battery to generate significant volley and begin redeployment before being released shells reach the goal. A retaliatory firing will be conducted at the place where the battery was located a couple of minutes back. "
Here it must be said that the implementation of such modes of fire is at the technical level challenge. She asks the automation of many processes of loading with modular propelling charge different capacity, up pointing guns at different angles of elevation. Apart from this, such treatment is not feasible without automation of production data for the shooting. In this country it is not implemented in any of the currently adopted by the artillery armament systems. Abroad, not counting Finnish NEMO, it is available on the German SPG PzH 2000, and its modification DONAR. "Feel", as this task is implemented in the Finnish system, I think, would be very non-malicious. But the statement Nikolai Makarov, the faster trial balloon which should reveal the extent intrigued by the Finnish side. Even if you begin to consider seriously the possibility of purchasing the Finnish system, that should be read not about the car based on the BTR «Patria», but of an artillery system NEMO, for installation on the Russian machines. Even in my moderate views (as fundamentally foreign enemy procurement of military equipment), this is hypothetical opportunity, would be more useful than the licensed assembly of armored jeep IVECO LMV. The time required to bring the Russian systems (mode "hail of fire" or "fire attack" worked out in a number of development projects) — in real time will be quite significantly. The system NEMO, without modifications can use 120-mm mortar ammunition, including in Russia. A revision of the artillery system, for example, the introduction of a rifled barrel, the same used in the complexes, "Nona", can significantly enhance the ability of both Russian artillery equipment and Finnish. Here cooperation would be entirely appropriate, especially because Finland at the time bought a lot of our weapons.
Another piece of news from the Eurosatory-2012 — Continued already very successful and fruitful cooperation with the French company «Thales Optronics». This company We are permitted to have access to their own products, when in Vologda Optical and Mechanical Plant was started assembly of thermal imaging cameras «Catherine FC», namely the Russian-Belarusian tank sight "Essa". Now agreed to assemble cameras «Catherine XP», which have a matrix of the last generation, by which the ability of the camera is much higher. At one time, we were the pioneers of thermal imaging technology. But, for obvious reasons, the development of a high-tech trend in the 90s did not receive. This has led to delays in the field of high-temperature thermal imagers, without which modern military equipment is unimaginable. Here we have a very successful way of obtaining sverhtehnologichny products, which do not have, at the least participation of foreign producers (in fact, the French only the matrix itself, with the prospect of the development of technologies of production in our count
Another news related to modern technology and cooperation with foreign firms, was the decision of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation to make the creation of small-scale three-dimensional underwater zvukovizorov. 3D-high resolution sonar — a device that can be installed on different surface and underwater vehicles, namely, autonomous and remotely operated underwater vehicles. Its use allows to obtain a three-dimensional and two-dimensional image of underwater objects or the sea floor that you need when search-and-rescue work, mapping the seabed, as well as search for mines and submarine tracking systems. Earlier, in the band Russian Technologies has achieved some agreement on the use of foreign developments and devices for purely peaceful medical equipment, namely, apparatus ultrasound (U.S.). The work carried out on this subject, have allowed the Acoustics Institute named after Academician NN Andreev to work on the machine that has no analogues in the world, having been military applications. From a single analog zabugornogo produced campaign «Coda Octopus», the unit features different weight and size (about 5 lbs., Compared to 55 lbs.) And resolution. The importance of such techniques explained by the fact that at the present time, mine and anti-submarine warfare in the sea, there is a steady trend to use for this purpose autonomous and remotely operated underwater vehicles mechanized, the gap in the development of which we completely obvious.
To eliminate the backlog in this area zatarivaemsya foreign standards. For example, we purchased several autonomous underwater vehicles «Gavia» — developing a small Icelandic company that can be used to search for and destruction of naval mines, underwater objects and for anti-submarine warfare. The quality of these devices is so high that company was acquired by the U.S. «Teledyne Technologies» to introduce its products and South American Navy acquaintance with her American industry. Weight and size properties of the devices to be used in a similar technology, are of key importance. On the Russian developments in this area very clearly not much, which is understandable, given their importance. Here the advantage is the one who will be able to make high-quality technology or access them.
Americans have the ability to just buy cash worldwide companies that own such technologies, blocking access to them for others. For us, not including building their own research and production capacities, output will be cooperation with more foreign companies are independent. There is no other method to return their own technological capabilities, taking into account the long period of return on investment in its database, I can not see.