With all this the hard confrontation between Kiev and Moscow in the arms market they say has long been (though in terms of the military production Ukraine, struggling to hold in the first 10-ke a huge exporters guns, does not compare to Russia without leaving the first places in the world rankings the business). And in this case, the excitement erupted just explained by the fact that, apparently, Iraq, and was the scene of a competitive struggle between Ukraine and Russia, with all its negative manifestations. However, before taking this postulate is imposed on faith, is still to understand the situation.
"Ukrainian epic weapon 'in Iraq began nine years ago. The very fact that the role of Ukrainian troops in operations against the U.S. and its allies of Saddam Hussein gave hope that Kiev will receive harsh contracts for the so-called post-war recovery Iraq and arming its security forces in the latest power. But before the Ukrainians from Iraq Kiev was only moderate (in the background stands out billions of dollars in U.S. dollars for the "restoration" of Iraq) orders: the supply of 30 diesel locomotives TE-1141, 2 thousand army vehicles "UAZ" Russian supplies of times, 1.5 thousands of "KrAZ". As for the production of military purpose, then the largest transaction was a contract to equip 15 battalions and six brigades of Iraqi army and security forces army ammunition, for all that he carried the Ukrainian-American company. In general it is worth special note is the fact that of the 15 major programs to restore the Iraqi economy Ukrainian companies were not involved in any.
But the situation changed in September 2009, when Ukraine received the first harsh weapons treaty with Iraq for the supply of aircraft An-32B and BTR-4E. Ukraine agreed to supply 420 armored personnel carriers to Iraq in the amount of 457.5 million dollars, of which 270 linear BTR-4, 80 commanders, 30 staff, 30 medical and 10 recovery vehicles, and 6 transport aircraft AN-32 in the amount of 99 million bucks. With all of this first contract to 556.5 million dollars was supported by a promising collaboration between applets with 2 countries for 5 years with a starting budget of 2.5 billion dollars. It was pointed out that delivery Ukrainian planes and armored personnel carriers — only the "touchstone". And if the Iraqi side will meet Ukrainian products and the implementation of treaties, the Kiev can reach a high level of cooperation with Baghdad, and the total volume of contracts can achieve 14 billion. Bucks — just mind-boggling figure for Ukrainian "defense industry".
But with the implementation of the "trial" of a treaty, as you know, once started various misunderstandings. So, instead of November 2010 the first Ukrainian BTR profits to the customer in March of 2011, because of what penalties as Kiev did not get about 2 million bucks. Then, as reported to the media, specialists from Baghdad to the end of May arrived in Ukraine to explore the party made armored vehicles for Iraq, allegedly found significant deficiencies in the systems of weapons and fire control. In addition, there was a legal incident: term agreement signed with Iraq ended in March 2012, and has remained unfulfilled due to the fault of the Ukrainian side, whereas the summer of this year to Odessa for shipment arrived second batch of BTR — 62 pieces. But the ship military equipment under the law was impossible, as an old treaty has not acted, and the new has not been concluded.
Then Defense Minister Dmitry Salamatin said to President Viktor Yanukovych that the Prime Minister of Iraq agreed to extend the contract for the supply of military equipment. Meanwhile, the documents contained media at the time, testified that no agreement with the Iraqi prime minister was not reached. Already in the final of the summer, August 9, 2012 Dmitry Salamatin Viktor Yanukovych reported that the Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of salting Iraq decided to actively meet with the Minister of Defence for the expression of gratitude for active cooperation in the military-technical sphere. Salting Iraq Tipo assured that "in the last two or three months around the implementation of Ukrainian-Iraqi agreement for the supply of armored personnel carriers scattered clouds." In September 2012 the Ministry of Defence denied the information that contract with Iraq for the supply of military equipment is not renewed, and stated that he was "working today." At the same time the War Department in the context of information "ducks" around "Iraq contract" has been waged to assert a "dirty campaign to discredit the defense minister Dmitry Salamatina."
In parallel, the U.S. broke the corruption scandal surrounding American intermediaries and their Ukrainian counterparts to ensure the implementation of Ukrainian-Iraqi agreement. That is, as said, the South American, and later the Ukrainian media tribunal San Antonio (West Texas, USA) was sentenced to pay Texas businessman Howard Lowry 61 million 750 thousand dollars from the Ukrainian-American brokers who decided not to pay him a commission for role in the deal with Iraq on the supply of arms. With all of this tribunal found that the commission payments to Ukrainian, Iraqi and U.S. mediators and members of the order of 120 million dollars, with total transactions of 560 million dollars (1). The scandal that so far has remained in Ukraine without consequences, but the topic is scandalous Ukrainian-Iraqi weapons treaty obviously is not closed. So, in October 2012, it became clear that the concern "Ukroboronprom" threatens trial for non-payment of commissions South American mediator in the performance of contracts for the supply of arms to Iraq (2).
A first in November 2012 scandal supply weapons to Iraq has erupted with the role of. As said, the media, the government of Iraq Tipo canceled a deal with Russia to buy weapons at the cost of 4.2 billion. bucks. It was the delivery of 42 gun-missile air defense systems "Armour-1C" and 30 Mi-28NE (3). On the abolition told news agency AFP Iraqi government spokesman Ali Mousavi. Later information citing "a senior military source" confirmed the Iraqi news agency INA. According to AFP, in Baghdad, there was some suspicion of corruption on the Russian side. "The deal was canceled. When the Prime Minister of Iran, Nouri al-Maliki returned from Russia, he had some suspicions of corruption, so he decided to reconsider the whole deal. In this case there is an investigation, "- said the representative of the Prime Minister of Iraq Mousavi. Bureaucrat at all it did not specify against whom exactly as if the investigation began.
However, very soon Iraqi Defense Minister Saadoun al-Dulaimi denied the report. According to his statement, the contract for the supply of Russian weapons in Iraq remains in force, and the debate about the "corruption component" were caused by all except that the Iraqi government is simply too late to the provision of disk imaging of the t
ransaction in the country's Anti-Corruption Committee (4). However, the next government Iraq announced that it would open a discussion anew terms of the transaction for the purchase of weapons from the Russian Federation, and for this purpose the State Security Council of Iraq was formed by a committee (5).
Although the Russian-Iraqi continue until the scandal has not, it immediately appeared and "Ukrainian" component, which in this day and has not disappeared. Specifically, the media will immediately escalated this story taking place in the printing picture of "weapon of confrontation" of Ukraine and the Russian Federation — say, can not properly enforce contracts with Baghdad, Kiev puts a spoke in the wheel Moscow, which is prepared to work perfectly with our Iraqi partners (6 ). The meaning of these statements is that, with the support of the United States, Ukraine Tipo seeks to kill the Russian Federation has a very promising buyer to work closely with that already in the near future promises a multi-billion dollar contracts, surpassing even today seriously impressive amount of 4.2 billion. bucks.
According to this version, under pressure from Washington, were found in the Iraqi government forces, which under various pretexts seek to block the military-technical cooperation with Russia and Iraq to extend it to Ukraine. It's sort of like a very striking example of the very unfortunate confrontation between Kiev and Moscow in the arms market, which is so often love to read some experts.
It should be recognized that the competitiveness between the Ukrainian and Russian "defense industry" in the arms market takes place. But only in the rarest of bids by third parties in an open and fair fight, when the two countries are a similar product. And so Iraq in this case can not be an example of such confrontation by definition.
Namely, it is worth remembering what technique supplies to Iraq Ukraine, and plans to deliver what our homeland. And agree that the Ukrainian transport aircraft An-32, which are provided for the transport of cargo and personnel, in any way can not be any konkurentnst Russian attack helicopters Mi-28, created to find and defeat armored vehicles, as low-speed air targets and manpower. This is — completely different machine types and for different purposes, and replace each other, they can not under any criteria or someone else's desire.
Similarly, the Ukrainian BTR-4 started to deliver the personnel of mechanized infantry / mechanized / motorized infantry units to the battlefield and support of machine-gun fire, does not associate with the Russian gun-missile air defense systems "Armour-1C", intended to cover in the near approaches fundamental strategic military and industrial facilities. However, this complex is capable of leading the fight against a wide range of airborne threats, including tactical aviation aircraft, helicopters, ballistic and cruise missiles and smart bombs, also can destroy lightly armored ground facilities and manpower. But for the transportation of personnel it really does not get to use. It's like a golden hammer to drive nails.
As for the future, according to expert estimates that the Russian Federation has the ability to increase exports to Iraq and other weapons — first, on the nomenclature of helicopters Mi-17 and its services, as well MiG-29M/M2. In both cases, the Ukraine — not a rival Russian "defense industry". Moreover, speaking at the moment about the development of, for example, Ukrainian helicopters, developers initially told that tend to occupy a niche in which Russian producers do not work (machines weighing 5.5-6 tons), just in order to avoid unnecessary competition (7). By the way, the same mentioned Russian Mi-17 helicopters to the present day are equipped with engines TV3-117VM and TV3-117VM-02 production Ukrainian JSC "Motor Sich". Means Ukrainian producers in this case a vested interest in that partnership business in the arms business in the Russian Federation with Iraq evolved.
By the way, in terms of the development of military transport aircraft, in what Iraq needs (as well as many other countries in the region), the two countries — Our homeland and Ukraine — are also working closely together. In this case, at the end of September 2012 is widely known to the Russian-Ukrainian An-70 has joined another project: aircraft manufacturers of Ukraine and Russia said that in the program of cooperation of the plant "Aviacor" (Samara) and state-owned enterprises "Antonov" (Kiev) plans to expand the lineup of the family AN-140, including the development of the transport version of the ramp. According to the views of both sides, this new plane is bound to have a great demand in the world.
So Makar, all discussions about any confrontation between Ukraine and Russia on the Iraqi arms market are groundless. On the contrary, specifically Iraq can become a catchy illustration that Kiev and Moscow can even arms sales to one customer to avoid competition, finishing their "niche", and the successful execution of the contract by one state can be profitable for another.
1.http :/ / www.bne.eu
2.http :/ / news.zn.ua
3.http :/ / ria.ru
4.http :/ / www.ntv.ru
5.http :/ / www.interfax.ru
6.http :/ / news.zn.ua
7.http :/ / biz.liga.net