On the days of their results summarized in the Russian sector of the Government, which As for social issues. Deputy Prime Minister Olga Golodets, oversees this area, announced today that the Russian Federation was able to achieve impressive results in terms of addressing issues related to unemployment. According to Ms. Golodets, the level of unemployment itself has now been able to reduce to a value of 5.2% of the economically active population RF. Here it is necessary to immediately decipher the concept of "economically active population", so it was understandable, 5.2% — this is generally how much, as they say, in the people — to men.
Under the economically active population of the country or another part of the population meant that provides the supply of labor for the production of products and provision of various services. This part of the population is able to at least level possible to have a source of personal income. According to international rules in the number of economically active people can get the old people from 10 (!) To 72 years. But such aspect is valid in all countries of the world. For example, we (in RF), The lower age bracket for the economically active citizen is 15 years.
It turns out that the 5.2% in this case corresponds to approximately four million people — the people of, of course. If you trust such figures, it appears that our home could reach pre-crisis levels of unemployment and even more obscure (in the positive sense of the word) performance in 2007.
Deputy Prime Minister Olga Golodets said that such a low percentage of unemployed in Russia has never happened before. Her quote: "We are proud of it."
It would seem that all of the Russians, too, should be glad to indicators, but there is here a few details that simply can not fail to mention. The fact is that, coupled with record low levels of unemployment in Russia in recent years began to take shape and a very negative trend. It is related to the fact that the country has seen an unhappy staff turnover. It is very significant. If an employee of this or any other institution, enterprise, certain company "manages" to work more than 2-3 years at one place, then such a person fit to be called an employee with extensive experience. After all, a third of the workforce required to change jobs often actually.
On the one hand, it may state that the Russians have a real choice of places to work, and citizens may give preference to a workplace that is, tell them so, warmer and better fed. But there's a downside medals: staff turnover is associated with the new, very typical, business practice. Many employers (managers of private companies) are often simply not cost-effective to work with a permanent staff. Where are handier to recruit people for a couple of months, then hang the shortage, the penalty and the rest of the money and Prof. negative, on the pretext that refuse to pay the amounts laid for the sold work. Certainly, such a tendency is not everywhere, but the fact that there are those who it with "success" applies — the fact. Many employees may be happy to continue working in the same place, trying to career growth, increase income, but their interests often run counter to the interests of a particular employer.
An army of employers generally not cost-effective implementation of labor-trained employees. After all, among the business representatives walks a saying: "Why do we need a clever servants — all of a sudden another good start to steal …" and therefore are in shopping malls, banks, sales offices, legal aid centers and other organizations such staff as in the case of failure or cash register ready to come off the computer off and run away with things, but would not catch the eye of the head. Modern business brings some chelovekorobotov programmed to execute commands serious and complete weakness in the case of emergency situation. Programmed in fact much easier to manage.
On the basis of such state of affairs, many employees are required to change jobs to amaze with regularity: the month — there six months — SNM, and in the end — no Here Nor There.
There is another problem of which Olga Golodets decided to pass by. Russian labor the market has a severe imbalance, which they say now many. This bias is related to the reluctance of many Russians seek employment to low-paying jobs. You can, of course, as many wonder why it is only a few Russian citizens (especially in large cities) want to go to the cleaners or ancillary workers, but if you compare the level of wages in these occupations and the level of payment of the same public services, the questions will disappear …
Because zhilkontore or, excuse me, "the agency of cleaning" is much more profitable to recruit its own staff of 15-20 so-called external labor migrants from Tajikistan, Uzbekistan or Kyrgyzstan, pay them a "Minimal" live and let all the "platoon" at least in the transformer box, at least in the basement of an apartment building. Cheap and severely, as they say. But the law will not swing … and will, so there is such a mind-boggling structure as FMS, which can suddenly open their eyes to the presence of illegal foreign skilled workers without documents and work permits. While most employers are often all the possible sanctions for providing jobs to illegal immigrants, weird way sidestep … And why would it? ..
Since then, some, to be exact, since the beginning of December 2012 in Russia decided to somehow regulate labor issues related to foreign persons entering the territory of Russia. Prior to this, you must provide the freshest data about how many foreign people and from which countries (according to official statistics) came to work and study in Russia. Here is some data (the period from January to September this year):
Azerbaijan: 16811 profits, loss 3072.
Armenia: 26949 profits, loss 3368.
Belarus: 12718 profits, loss 4057.
Kazakhstan: 32532 profits, loss 6630.
Kyrgyzstan: 27038 profits, loss 7868.
Moldova: 16494 profits, loss 3430.
Tajikistan: 30884 profits, loss 7963.
Turkmenistan: 3344 profits, or losses 893.
Uzbekistan: 64567 Profit (absolute record the number of migrants who have entered on the territory of Russia for a specified period), loss 22896.
Ukraine: 35776 profits, loss 9374.
Georgia: 5682 profits, or losses 524 (record a small departure back from Russia as a percentage of the number of arrivals).
China: 6321 profits, or losses in 2909.
Germany: 3383 profits, or losses in 2888.
Estonia: 1120 profits, or losses 423.
Latvia: 1056 profits, or losses 291.
Lithuania: 576 profits, or losses 172.
Greece: return 613, 109 loss.
So now, Russian authorities have decided to put forward a legislative level requirements for entering the country of migrant workers who are going to work in the fields in the presence of low-skilled. Requirements — a simpl
e knowledge of the Russian language. For Belarusians and the people of South Ossetia, where Russian is a community, made an exception.
This, according to the views of legislators, should reduce the risk of social and ethnic tensions in the territory of Russia. Migrant workers, driving to the country, and without having to yourself of the education, recognized Russian Federation, will have to obtain a work permit to take the exam on the basis of knowledge of the Russian language. Such a measure, according to the creators of innovation, should help to build bridges of understanding between foreign nationals and the Russians, which soon began to show all less often. The measure, however, is sound, but it is failing to translate into reality, has been sharply criticized. In this case, most of the criticism comes from the migrant workers themselves. And the main sticking point here — the cost of testing. The average price of the test and receive a special certificate for foreign people come in search of unskilled labor — 3000 rubles (less than $ 100 today). Foreign migrant workers immediately in several regions RF said that it is almost robbery, provocation and violation of human rights … Like, where will plasterer from Kulyab or janitor of Bukhara as much as 3,000 rubles for their wages. And where it takes them to live in Moscow or St. Petersburg, but also on constant currency transfers over the limit, the same people, for some reason, do not ask …
Not enough of the favorites of the so-called guest workers unions (and there are a RF and organizations who themselves about and call) immediately after the enactment of the law began to receive statements that they advise visitors turn away from the test under various pretexts … Is that still — Sabotage? Hmm … It turns out that the favorites of migrant workers who have foreign passports, are going to the same sabotage Russian laws? Somehow it does not fit in with the plans for the transparent operation with the payment of taxes to the Russian treasury.
There is a perception that discourage foreign people to be tested for knowledge of the Russian language is not as expensive as it is, and since the passage of the exam can be, I'm sorry, "was sleeping" in front of accounting services. After all, it is at the moment according to official data entered Russia about 31 thousand people in Tajikistan, and after the introduction of standards in examinations they may also appear more than once in 2-3 … In this case, fear favorites "union", and other respective diasporas, so speak out , institutions are clear. So many Russian employers are obviously not ecstatic about the new law. And it's not that they do not want to staff their companies had excellent Russian, but the fact that they can "float" are illegal immigrants, which they use for personal and corporate savings.
After all, if all show up, then in Russia may decrease the level of dumping of labor, which is not profitable to many interested parties. A drop-dumping press — will have to hire and pay the Russians actually provided salary. So for many business representatives ignorant of the Russian language representative of the peoples of Central Asia without a certificate of passing the exam without permission to work much better than the same, but with a certificate and a resolution, and certainly better than at least some Russian. Second to that, and the third will be more expensive …
By the way, in the last few days came a series of posts that in some regions of migrants fail the exam in Russian. Whether consciously or not — until the matter.
To get a "treasured" crust must answer at least 65% of the proposed questions. Here is one of the test questions:
All the workers are moving into the medical center by bus. At which are in the medical center are moving jobs?
It's a pity more response options are not provided: a) on the bus, and b) a Bentley, a) on a donkey, d) none of the medical center I did not go.
Overall, 5.2% unemployment — is, of course, success, but it's time to start the embodiment of realpolitik control over the state of the labor market, including in its migration sector, so as not to get a situation similar situation in some "welcoming" countries the European Union. Well, the need for law enforcement entering Russia for various purposes also worth considering, not postponing questions for tomorrow.