It is worth recalling that the Arctic Council is now made up of 8: Our homeland, the United States, Canada, Denmark, Iceland, Norway, Finland and Sweden. In addition to these states is at the Arctic Council to the same group of observers (China, England, Spain, Germany, Poland, South Korea, France, Italy and the Netherlands), many of which are by all means want to put a hand to Arctic resources. And so many resources in the Arctic, that excessive zeal to dispose of them as members of the Arctic Council (AC) and observer countries are fully understood. According to estimates of professionals alone hydrocarbon supplies to the Arctic shelf may account for about a quarter of all planetary supplies of oil and gas. Specifically Arctic oil and gas in the near future become the focus of attention from many countries who, as they say, to the most Arctic or what side … That is, on its own intrigued in Arctic projects in India and Brazil argue that, by their geographic coordinates of the Arctic region recklessly far.
With all of this far not every government openly declares that it is going to do in the Arctic … Some report a certain environmental projects and saving endangered species, but with all this for something they say about building their own ice-breakers, others argue against some of the terrorist threat, which tipo lo- here may show themselves. But all is well aware that all this talk about the environmental and terrorist threats to the Arctic by certain forces — an obvious bluff which also poorly prepared.
Let us not forget that the Arctic — is far not only oil and gas. This region looks very promising in terms of freight. You say that large-scale transportation of goods across the Arctic Ocean (if not touch NSR) — a utopia, but in fact the situation of utopian here very far. The fact is that in recent years the Arctic ice cap is melting at an alarming rate. For example, last year the area of the Arctic ice cover was about 38.5% less than the average values for the period from 2001 to 2011. It says that the situation has been relatively ice melt in the region obviously has stabilized and even more so not improve. Meanwhile, environmentalists are breaking open their heads over how to stop such a large-scale melting of Arctic ice, transport workers have argued that in a couple of years it will be possible for a long time to use not only the Northern Sea Route, but also to open and operate other routes . Namely, one of those proposals included in the agenda of the day or of the APEC summit, which held in Vladivostok. Namely, it was proposed to use a specific path North Arctic Ocean to transport numerous goods from East Asia to Northern and Western Europe and vice versa. Now goods from China, Singapore and South Korea to Europe go through the Indian Ocean, through the waters of the Persian Gulf is very troublesome. To get Chinese goods, for example, to the markets of England, Sweden or Norway by sea, they need to make truly Magellanic voyage around the world. If you use the sea route through North Arctic Ocean, it could be a very lucrative venture. If the situation is much the melting of the ice is not normal, then it is entirely possible to use for transport purposes. But while such a question is not found a sufficient number of adherents, since transportation of goods by the Northern Sea Route is likely not far away each year.
But as they say, the possibility of transporting foreign goods in transit through the territorial waters of Russian Federation the same China should imply. Yes, it apparently has been such types as he has to implement activities and projects oil in the Arctic region. In the end, the same built nepoprostu Chinese icebreaker "Snow (ice) Dragon" which was promptly thrown out of the Antarctic latitudes in the northern latitudes. Not a lot, in the not to distant future Arctic should appear and the second Chinese icebreaker that will do the tasks assigned to it. While these tasks, the assurances of the Chinese side, are connected only with the scientific program that conducted at Svalbard. But all these are purely academic programs from end in the ordinary Chinese territorial claims. Because of China to reincarnate the same Spitsbergen in the Senkaku-Diaoyu, as they say, will not rust.
In general, the smell attracts many Arctic resources. All the more often from representatives of NATO states are the claims that it is necessary to build a robust system of protection of the Arctic riches of some terrorists. As posted earlier, "Military Review" material theme of "Arctic terrorism" has already been lit. Of course, that under the tinsel related to counterterrorism actions of NATO in the Arctic region, hiding mundane desire to clean up the region to his hands.
However, the situation is somewhat different, if, for example, in the Middle East. There's hogging the region by funding opposition groups and international terrorists, and the "democratic" bombings and rocket attacks, but here in the Arctic, except snow-white bears and foxes in general will be a little living creatures, and therefore the concept of democratization here looks obviously not appropriate. That has to go to the North Atlantic Alliance fabulous regular reports that the Arctic could be affected by the terrorists. I do not themselves about whether NATO's military says Brussels … The story of how, in the Norwegian fjords are going to be aligned with the elements of marine potentials of the U.S. missile defense system, clearly states that no foxes with the Americans here are going to clash …
In this regard, our homeland has also decided not to miss the chance to own for the development of the Arctic areas, speak out so purely for peaceful purposes. In September, coming from Severomorsk, the NSR walked nuclear-powered missile cruiser "Peter the Great" in the company of sea rescue vessel "Altai". In all likelihood, the "Peter the Great" was underwater and support, so that he did not feel lonely in the northern latitudes. "Peter" was Barents Sea, the Kara Gate Strait, Kara Sea, Laptev Sea. In the Kara Sea to the atomic missile cruiser joined a group of ships, including anti-submarine ship "Admiral Chabanenko", "Vice-Admiral Kulakov" BDK "Alexander Otrakovsky." During his own campaign, the crews of the cruiser "Peter the Great" and other ships conducted a number of exercises, including the use of force and marines, live firing and detection of enemy submarines.
This hike and exercise Northern Fleet conducted within the framework of a policy of continuous presence of naval vessels in the Arctic region. This was stated by the Ministry of Defence, giving to understand that once NATO and China have decided
to spend here their "scientific" and "anti-terrorism" investigations, then why Russia does not show that she has a vision of the situation.
Realizing that the Arctic every day or more is converted to a big tasty morsel, which increasingly will stretch the hands of many countries in the Defense Ministry of the Russian Federation decided to announce the development of 2-Arctic army brigades that will see to it that the "scientific" and "anti-terrorist" activities of third countries in the region was carried out without the danger of Russian interests.
Commander in Chief of the Army Vladimir Chirkin said that our homeland is not militarize the Arctic and protecting its northern border.
If you do not show their determination in the Arctic today, then tomorrow will be forgotten about its ambitions in the region. And the determination shown by the demonstration of in the Arctic for many states was sobering tub of cool water of the Arctic.