Recall that the goal of U.S. development in the field of missile defense — gradual build-up to the 2025 global, several trains a missile defense system. Will be used for various types of accommodation based missile parts.
Echelons of the missile defense system contain the establishment and operation:
— the interception of ballistic devices in the terminating phase of the flight;
— the interception of ballistic devices in the middle phase of the flight;
— Ballistic interception devices in the source and active phases of flight;
— BAIS systems;
— information and intelligence facilities.
The participants of the U.S. missile defense:
— All U.S. Armed Forces;
— certain state organizations;
— and the office of military-industrial complex;
— companies specializing small business.
Overall coordination of the participants assigned to the U.S. missile defense Missile Defense Agency of the military department of the United States.
To work on the creation echelons defense held virtually all of NATO and a number of friendly countries. These works are widely known for introducing Innovative and advanced technology.
The current administration has white houses must make unpopular decisions because of what happened the global crisis and unfavorable monetary environment inside and outside the country and inconstancy in the euro area:
— growth of municipal impact on domestic and external economic developments;
— bet on the technology market on which the United States had only recently unattainable favorite;
— reduction in government spending, right up to the unpopular measures in all spheres of the country.
This led to the fact that on missile defense was also drawn attention to:
— The United States will continue to work to strengthen all its own territorial defense to repel possible threats;
— U.S. will continue to create protection from the threats of regional temper not only themselves, but also for the Allies, with the possibility of his own to strengthen its defense;
— The United States will conduct tests new missile defense facilities in the criteria are similar in features to combat the conditions of implementation;
— development of new missile defense facilities should be cost-conditioned and provided;
— Missile defense should be better adapted for use against the United States of new weapons;
— missile defense agency should increase mutually beneficial cooperation with other countries in the area of missile defense.
In connection with the foregoing, the head of the U.S. military began a configuration in the field of missile defense. Baton to optimize the defense took the head of the Missile Defense Agency. Configuration for missile defense are set out in the "phase adaptive approach." Briefly tell about the purpose of "FAP".
1.Smena satellite «SEWS» to the latest «SBIRS»
This decision was dictated by the principle of defense-echelon. The satellite system is part of the integrated system of aerospace defense of the United States and its NATO allies.
One of the main tasks of defense — to intercept ballistic devices as early as possible and get to the place of starting.
To solve the puzzles requires time to reliably detect the start of asthma was less than 20 seconds. Ancient satellite system does not cope with this task. Apart from this, the satellite system is built into the missile defense of the United States for command and control, data transmission and communication. SBIRS satellite system is operated as a means of defense information. It will likely produce directly targeting combat missile defense with sufficient accuracy for the introduction of protective arms.
Another task that will decide the new «SBIRS», — duplication of data from radar stations SPRYAU, optical sensors placed on satellites.
«SBIRS» will also have the echelons of the principle of implementation.
«SBIRS-high» — vysokoorbitalnyh train, will have up to 5 satellites in geosynchronous orbit two satellites in highly elliptical orbit.
«SBIRS-low» — train low-Earth orbit, will have about 30 satellites in orbit up to 1600 km.
The data from all satellites will collect the combat control center «NORAD», which is a manual EKR United States and Canada.
2.Realizatsiya applets «UEWR», radar modernization nadgorizontalnyh
— system «BMEWS». Complex remote detection, which includes three radar post in Greenland, Alaska, and in the UK.
— system «Pave Paws». Complex observe the flight and the launch of an SLBM, which includes radar stations at airstrips Otis and thrashed.
— system «PARCS». Phased-array radar, located near the air base in Grand Forks.
— Radar "Cobra Dane."
Zone act 2-first systems of about 5 thousand kilometers. Together they make a single area of responsibility as the information field over North America. This will allow to increase the speed of target designation anti-missile defense system martial decisions.
The modernization of radar data will be integrated into the U.S. missile defense for command, control, data transmission and communication. Undergo upgrading hardware and software.
The data from the radar, as well as with satellites arrive in BCU.
3.ENTERING of new modules and upgrades of existing X-band radar
These radars are doing following tasks:
— detection devices and ballistic blocks;
— maintenance of vehicles and ballistic blocks;
— definition of ballistic devices and blocks;
— the allocation of vehicles and ballistic blocks;
— in the group selection units complex ballistic purposes;
— homing missile defense on otselektirovannye blocks.
In the zoned complexes and complexes THAAD military response of marine and land-based missile defense echelon «Ground Missile Defense» function of the X-band radar will undertake large-
pulse radar GBR.
The stations are made with the implementation of PAR highest power density, electrical beam steering orientation. Also applied to the whole transceiver modules chips, which is used in gallium arsenide.
For zoned systems THAAD radar was created AN/TPY-2 terrestrial mobile performance.
For a missile defense system «Ground Missile Defense» radar developed following:
— Radar «GBR-P" is designed for ground use. The layout of this radar is being tested at the site. The detection range — 2.2 thousand kilometers. Consists of almost 17 thousand units for the reception and transmission of data. Designed as a hexagonal structure with a diameter of 12.5 meters. Modules of transfer will be built up during the testing process.
— Radar «XBR» designed for marine use. Doing the same tasks as the radar «GBR-P."
Under it made an offshore platform. Platform — two pontoons with a 6-stabilizing structures. It may be the location of the equipment up to 20 thousand tons. The platform is equipped with its control that can control the paddle at speeds of 13 km / h It set the satellite communication equipment, communication system «IFTU» and electronic generators.
First naval radar «SBX-1" has an antenna diameter of 22.1 meters. Range acts 4.5 thousand kilometers.
These radars will possess the greatest ability among all radar ballistic missile defense system on the selection of devices over large distances trans-atmospheric flight line of traffic at the entrance of the atmospheric layer on the downlink traffic flight.
4.Okonchanie installation step of starting positions and missiles «Ground Based Interseptor»
These works are carried out at Fort Greely.
The rocket is a priority task for the creation of missile defense for the United Schtatov.
PR «GBI» interceptor is a distant act. More precisely — trans-atmospheric interceptor missile defense system.
Weight of the rocket about 14,000 pounds. Speed — 7.9 km / s. Range of actions to 4 thousand kilometers.
Launcher PR GBI delivers stage combat mission in the area of ballistic capture homing device. When a seeker captures the goal of stage combat mission is separated from the rocket and makes maneuvering a rapprochement with the attacking object. When approaching storms by the collision object.
5.Okonchanie formation of 2 batteries «THAAD»
Batteries «THAAD» are the army missile defense systems. Wear the title of non-strategic missile defense. Batteries may be placed outside the areas of the United States. Base Batteries «THAAD» — Land Mobile radar AN/TPY-2. Radar power — 80 kW, the area of the antenna array — 12.3 meters. It consists of 32 thousand units of transfer of data from gallium arsenide. Has liquid cooling. At this time, the United States is conducting unit tests of transfer of data from gallium nitride.
Range of actions — 250 km. Height offense — 150 km. Low height implementation — 30 km.
Antimissile batteries «THAAD» hypersonic high altitude. Consists of a stage acceleration and combat stage to implement interception.
Weight missile, used batteries «THAAD», — 0.9 tons, speed — 2.8 km / s. At one launcher located 10 AVE.
6.Modernizatsiya functional MSA "Idzhes"
Modernization of the instrument is in an ABM missiles and "Standard-3".
MSA "Idzhes" installed on ships of the "Tikanderoga" and type "O.Berk", which are in service with the PR "Standard-3". As needed to reduce the ships missile strike group. Assignment of such groups — zonal missile defense protected coastal areas.
The composition of the complex combat system "Idzhes":
— Radar AN/SPY-1;
— SU firing Mk 99;
— eight TPU with interceptor missiles.
AN/SPY-1 radar has a range of 2.7-3.3 GHz, four planar phased implementation, any area of 12 square meters. Power AN/SPY-1 — 58kW ..
Likely option of building land option "Idzhes."
When upgrading "Idzhes" in the field of missile defense, the range is 1 acts a thousand miles.
7.Modernizatsiya BAIS systems.
BAIS 'BM / W "- the main element of the echelons of defense of the United States and NATO countries.
Specifically, the system will accept BAIS major decision on the reflection of the likely dangers and challenges rassredotachivanie produce other components of missile defense.
Chief designer BAIS "BM / W" — the company "Boeing". VM/S2 developing company «TRW». IFICS — the company «Northrop Grumman».
Computer equipment for systems BAIS company does «Harris Corporation».
At this time, the U.S. consumed BAIS "VM/S2" in the center of integration JNIC in Colorado and on the range of missile defense in the Reagan Marshall Islands. Results will be put into operation about 12 BAIS "VM/S2", which then upgrade to BAIS "BM / W".
For a successful upgrade, the prospect of missile defense in the United States will provide fiber-optic lines.
In the end, the implementation phase of the plan to approach the United States in 2020 to have:
— the most accurate information system of land, sea and gallakticheskogo Based in:
— runnable tasks GBI missile defense interceptors at Fort Grilli;
— ready-to-use battery THAAD;
— modernized system of "Aegis" to perform complex tasks in the field of missile defense;
— an upgraded missile interceptors "Standard-3". Speed — up to 6.5 km / s. Equipment — multispectral EO GOS;
— BAIS deployed to control the missile defense;
And finally — in 2020 the U.S. plans to achieve an advantage over the undisputed Russian Federation in the field of missile defense. This will be likely in the case of the successful implementation of all phases of the adaptive approach.