After a string of revolutionary upheavals in North Africa, and in the wake of the crisis in the global economy, food prices began to rise sharply. UN announced that food prices will not be pretty intense to drop, which could contribute to the highest grain yields this season. Having reached a certain level, the pricing system in the food market will stubbornly continue to move in the direction of increasing its own prices.
Peter Brabeck, who is the head of the largest food company on the planet Nestle, said that the situation in the food sector is very reminiscent of the crisis situation of 2008, when a number of countries in the world played out so called hunger riots. In the middle of such countries Zambia, Haiti, Philippines. According to Brabeck, in almost all countries of the world, food prices were fixed at such a level that a person must expend about 80 percent of its income to its own specific food. In most of the developed world powers at the level of costs of so-called food basket is about 8-10% of the total income of the person.
Now the index of products related to food, at a very highest level in 225 pt. And such figure is even higher than it was at the very crisis of 2008 m.
Brabeck, answering the question, with what still is associated worldwide trend of increasing food prices, says that at first it is associated with an increase in the number of earthlings as the fact that the most populous countries in the world, China and India, some changed their attitude to the use in certain food products. Namely, the Chinese began to positively relate to cow's milk, and as citizens of India, they used to eating more meat. Previously, for the vast number of the inhabitants of these states such products were not pockets. Even if assume that the average Chinese citizen and India began to use 50 grams of meat a day, it turns out that for a year the inhabitants of these only 2-states must absorb about 40 million tons of meat products. It is of great importance to the world of agriculture and animal husbandry.
For obvious reasons, if you can not cover the needs of the world's population in meat, milk, grain, vegetables, and other types of food, the prices for these products will continue to grow. If trend continues, then in subsequent years, the number of hungry people on our planet will only grow. It deals a devastating blow to the UN program there that, by 2015, the number of hungry people in the world should be reduced to 500 million people.
In the world today there are several sub-regions at once, where the situation with the provision of food just tragic. More food insecure areas are the Horn of Africa (Somalia), Central Africa (Zimbabwe), some of the country's West Indies (Haiti). If read about the citizens of Zimbabwe, the incomes of the population here are so low (per capita GDP of about $ 170 a year), that more than 85% of the population of a large part of his life must golodovat.
UN develops new programs from helping the poorest countries of the world, but the growing indices of food that most of these programs pose a swing.
If talk about the poorest countries in Europe, it relates to such of Moldova. It would seem that everything is there are conditions for the conduct of large-scale agriculture, and means for providing the population with a cheap food products, but about 77% of Moldova's population live below the poverty line and have no ability to systematically get the right foods.
If read more about the active suppliers of food on the world market, to such countries include China, Argentina, Canada, the United States and our homeland. But even though the agricultural characteristics of our country is very high in comparison with other European countries, food in Russia are even higher than the same in Poland or Germany. This is due to the addition to the fact that the markets have long been exploited by the so-referred to as resellers, and the real manufacturer does not actually have the ability to independently implement their own product.
If we talk about the production and sale of milk in this country, then it is bought from farmers at a cost of 4 to 8-minute rubles per liter (depending on the region), and on the shelves of supermarkets we litsezreem liter milk packs priced from 25 to 50 rubles . This is what is called, discourages farmers to develop their hunting agricultural production.
Because it is safe to say that Ware crisis in the world is powered by the same fact that the producers of food products do not always have the opportunity to bring product to consumers in the home, and are required to cooperate with those who use the methods of "dirty" dumping to remove yourself the highest profit.
The cost of food products and takes into account the numerous natural disasters. For example, the devastating earthquake and tsunami in the Land of the Rising Sun has become one of the circumstances of rising rice first of the year.