Food security of the planet under threat

Food hitch threatens the planet latest wave of wars over water and land for agricultural purpose. According to UN statistics, in 2011 the index of food prices jumped in March as the first 8 months of 2010, although in 2010 year was very difficult in the food insecure, many in Russia see how sharply prices of cereals, potatoes, basic food of ordinary people.

Until the last 2-decades of price hikes have had little value because they are fast enough vorachivalis to the initial price, which helped maintain stability comparable to normal in most parts of the planet. But in recent years, and the preconditions and consequences of threatening change. Typically, price hikes were due to bad weather or lack of scarcity of Indian monsoon, drought in the former Soviet Union or the heat in the Midwest. In subsequent years, nature has been gracious and yields decent and all vorachivalos to normal.

But the current rise in food prices is associated with a more basic reasons:

— population growth causes an increase in consumption, to the same part of the population (for example, in China) was replaced by diet, they began to consume more food;

— growth of production problems — the depletion of soils, groundwater levels drop waters, desertification, soil erosion;

— significant part of the food is converted into biofuels;

— there is no transition to a new level of production, more technologically advanced, we need brand new "Green Revolution."

Approximately every day the number of the inhabitants of the planet, "consumers" increases by 219 thousand people a year — 80 million — a whole big country, such as Egypt. The population has almost doubled since the 1970s. Besides about 3 billion. people changed their diet, for example: China's middle class grows, if the Chinese previously enjoyed a handful of rice a day, but now, they are Europeans are much more consume eggs, milk and meat. This causes the growth of the global consumption of the livestock industry, but to feed the cattle, too, need to increase the demand for corn and soybeans.

In the world of exacerbated the situation and the variety of cultures, is their unification, fewer kinds of apples, pears, cereals, etc., which also undermines the food security of the population of the earth.

Advanced countries, the United States and the European Alliance, started to run across for biofuels, reducing dependence on external sources of hydrocarbons. For example, in 2010 in the United States have collected about 400 million tons of grain, of which 126 million went to the processing plant fuel. At present, the consumption of grain on the planet about 2.2 billion. tons per year, 10 years ago, the yearly increase in grain consumption was about 20 million tonnes in the current time it has grown to 40 million tons. And the higher the price of oil, much less profitable will be processed grain for biofuels. Second place in the world for the production of biofuels is Brazil, another naikrupneyshy food producer in the world, it is increasingly sweet cane hassle to create biofuels. European Alliance in 2020, plans to transport 10% of energy produced from renewable sources, the main biofuels.

Another basic reason for that is threatening the population of the earth prospect of a series of violent wars — hitch water. Thus, Saudi Arabia, most of which is desert terrain, 20 years could itself provide wheat due to groundwater. But at the current time it is collapsing because of the creation of the aquifer depletion of the country. Saud will soon have to import all of the grain. Significant difficulties in grain and other foodstuffs have almost all the Arab countries, and a significant part of North Africa. The population is growing rapidly, the water will no longer be, but on the contrary, groundwater depleted. Thus, Egypt soon, perhaps in alliance with the Northern Sudan, will wage war with African countries, neighbors on the Nile, to save water level. Creating a grain falls in Iraq and Syria, Yemen water at the main problem in the country.

Great difficulties in China and India: India were drilled to 20 million wells, and the water level is constantly falling. According to the Global Bank, 175 million Indians are living through the grain produced by the method of disposal of waste water. In China, this method of intensive use in the North China Plain, where it is grown thanks to half the country's wheat and a third of the corn. For about 130 million Chinese corn grown there, the base of power. What do tens, hundreds of millions of people when the water completely exhausted? Exclusively in North China every year about 1,400 square meters. miles of land becoming desert.

Agricultural land destroys soil erosion, over-pumping waters, Coming salt marshes, etc. Languid loss of land experiencing China, Haiti, North Korea and some other countries.

If the problem is not oil disaster threatens the entire population of the earth, the problem of the loss of soil and water threatens tragic consequences, and a series of violent wars in the settlement. European bureaucrats offer to solve the problem of fighting with speculation on the food market, but it will not solve the basic circumstances, it just may take some of the symptoms of the "disease."

To overcome the danger could be brand new "Green Revolution," The technological revolution, high leap in development. For example, the problem of arable land can be solved with the introduction of technology products supply feeding methods of hydroponics, in artificial light. According to scientists, in order to feed the entire population of the earth is quite area occupied by the State of Massachusetts or Vermont, plus the Netherlands plus Jamaica, you can use and skyscrapers, it will reduce the terrain.

But the "international conspiracy" stubbornly pushing a plan to reduce the "surplus population" …

Like this post? Please share to your friends: