In Siberia, undertook a study of the influence of huge VASIUGAN marshes area of 53 sq km, to climate warming in the region. The initiative to test this hypothesis was made by the Center for Space Monitoring of Altai State University / ASU /, Graduate Faculty of Physical Engineering ASU Maxim Yakunin.
In his view, VASIUGAN, considered one of the largest wetlands in the world, significantly affect the climate in Siberia, making warmer here and the winter and summer.
Confirm or disprove the hypothesis help Yakunin colleagues from the Center of Space Monitoring ASU. They process derived from two satellites NASA — «Terra" and "Aqua" pictures. Work on research VASIUGAN wetlands in the center recently began using the archive of hundreds of space photos taken by satellite over the territory of wetlands over the past few years.
The university said that the focus of the hypothesis is the assumption that the vast marshes absorb large amounts of solar energy, and then give it, thereby "warming" climate.
"I analyze the information on the quantity of energy that absorbs swampy area — Yakunin told today ITAR-TASS. — The results of the study can be expected to make forecasts for a longer time, as well as some predict climate change. " According to the scientist, it is above the marsh areas mostly in Siberia formed cyclones and most frequently observed high clouds.
Climate Change in Siberia was confirmed during the Russian-German Seminar, held in September in Barnaul. Then the German scientist Rolf Baur from the Technical University of Dresden noted that the depth of seasonal thawing in some areas of Western Siberia will increase to 50 percent. Due to climate change in Siberia can not avoid flooding, abnormal temperature readings, the melting of permafrost under the marshes, which will lead to the release of stored for centuries methane. "In general, in Siberia became warmer over the past 5 years. Lake temperature rose to 5 degrees, "- said the scientist.
VASIUGAN marshes located in the area between the Ob and Irtysh, in Tomsk, Novosibirsk and Omsk regions. Marshes have about 10 thousand years ago and has since steadily increased. Contain vast reserves of peat / more than 1 billion tons / and counteract the greenhouse effect by binding carbon.