Human memory — an amazing work of nature. Without it, people would not be able to recognize each other, to communicate. We would not have to remember the past, could not imagine that it can exist, and eventually would live only in the present. By its ability to preserve, classify information, it instantly navigate with memory can not match even a modern supercomputer.
Riddle memory of old people cared. What does it represent? The ancient Greeks, it was seen as a set of wax tablets on which were written the news. In the Middle Ages it drew in a complex hydraulic system with a lot of pipes and valves. In more recent times it was compared with the clockwork, well, in our time, of course, with the computer.
Most scholars divides memory into three major systems: the long-term, short-term and sensory. What is responsible for what, is easy enough to understand. If you can remember your name, you can speak their language, do not forget what city were born and grew up, who take the vows — so with long-term memory, you have everything in order. The same can be said of the short-term memory in that case, if you do not forget that you have eaten for breakfast today and what did five minutes ago.
Perhaps the most difficult to explain what a sensory memory, although it is possible. Visual sensory memory, for example, allows us to connect in a scene set of fixed images, flashed on the screen as a series of film frames. Auditory sensory memory manifests itself, for example, when listening to a piece of music, helps to link it fragments into a whole. So does it and when we listen to the noise of the engine, trying to understand what it haywire.
We are putting efforts to improve the extraordinary gift of memory, which gave us the nature or God? Practically none. Most limited daily grunt, Behold, they say, the memory again failed. And yet there are a lot of things you can train it and improve.
From Anna to Yaroslav
Let's talk, for example, the memory for names. It should first of all realize that we forget the names of people not because we have a bad memory — we forget them because when meeting were not too interested in their memorization. If any of his new friends you repeatedly ask again, what's his name ("Oh, I'm sorry, I can not remember your name — I just have a terrible memory for names …"), then the implication of your tirade, he will be extremely clear: the point is that you think of him as a person for themselves minor and therefore do not bother to "set aside" in the head of his name.
What happens when you wrinkle your nose and furiously scratching his head, trying to extract from the memory so the name you want? At this time, the memory performs three tasks at once — remember the name of the word, says a person's face, which is the name belongs to, finally, combines the former with the latter — identifies a person.
It turns out, as established on the experience of psychologists, the easiest to remember just a name. Here are some methods for this:
"When meeting, make sure that you have correctly understood the name. Doubt that heard him correctly, ask the interlocutor to repeat
"In the first conversation as often as possible call his new friend by the name — this is a wonderful exercise to fix the word in memory
"Parting, spend some time trying to repeat a few times myself a new name — so it is better to put in the memory
"Think about the origin of the name (middle name, last name) of a new acquaintance. If it is not very common, it's a great story and at the same time exercise for the mind. If you hear the story of an unusual name, it is itself easy to" sink "into your memory
Compare with the first or last name is already known to you. If you, say, have presented Orlov, remember the popular Soviet actress. So laid associative memory.
Hanging on language
But what to do, for example, in a situation when the word literally turns on your tongue, but remember it for all their tremendous efforts you just can not? If so, you will help the following tips:
Take a break. If and after fifteen minutes the word is not "pop", let the memory to rest. The longer you are straining it, the less chance you have to remember what you want.
Try to run through the alphabet, thinking about each of them as a possible first letter of the desired word.
"Catch" for any piece of information related to the desired name, or words that are stored in your head. Maybe the word rhymes with something? Maybe it's something in a special way to pronounce? Perhaps you remember how many syllables in it? ..
Go back mentally to the situation, when you first learned about the need to remember. Where were you then? Talk to anyone? About what?
Finally, try the method of free association. Open the floodgates, letting the head any thoughts and associations. Crucial building block of information can just fall into place. However, sometimes the semantic meaning is not enough to bring you to the word that suddenly "slipped my mind." But you can remember, for example, that the right word for an animal starts with "k". With perseverance going through — a goat, a cow, a kangaroo rat, horse … — You may have, and get to the "missing" words. What if you manage to come up with words to rhyme, and it will help you. It is even easier to remember a feeling or an abstract image of the object. In any case, to use its memory more effectively (especially with age), you should be prepared to "include" the association of any kind. The more, the better.
Will improve miracle
Well, in the end, we want from our memory, which stores vast amounts of information. It serves as a calendar, diary, family album and an encyclopedia, a music center and a collection of recipes … And there is something to forget, as we beat the alarm — my God, getting old sclerosis begins, we must do something about it …
The main problem is that we usually judge their abilities by comparing themselves with others. Look back to the artists, easy to remember the huge text, the musicians who keep the memory of complex musical score. Feel inferior, meeting people, having a photographic memory. But — take it easy! Scientists do not believe that in such cases our affairs so bad. Experts agree on the fact that people with a good memory is not born. And the question is not how good your memory is, and how well you train it.
Stories known people whose memory was considered phenomenal by nature. For example, Napoleon said: "I have an exceptional memory … I remember all the officers in command of any of the French regiment … I can name even villages from which they were called. I even know what inspires each of them. " This is certainly unusual, but nothing extraordinary in this nevertheless not. They say that the identity of their subordinates — just a little bit more complicated than good command them. Even the names can be memorized.
A good memory of all sorts of tricks. Have you ever thought about why most of the ancient civilizations to preserve its history or in the form of epic poems, or as a grand saga, which compose the Scandinavians? The answer is simple. Long before man invented writing, he realized that many things — even the most difficult — remember better if the effort than it seems. To do this, just give them the most convenient form of memory. For these reasons they prefer inventing rhymes and dramatic stories. Therefore doubly fortunate Shakespeare play — in the days of the great playwright most Englishmen to read or could not write. But easy to remember rhymed lines of Shakespeare's plays. Rhymes, by the way, and still the most famous way of remembering and memory training. All information in the form of rhymed securely and permanently stored in our brain. So, if you want something to remember firmly, give information poetic form.
The other main way to enhance memory offers breaking information on key facts, words and details. Initially, this will impede conversation, but eventually turn into an automatic skill. To facilitate its production, at first try to take frequent breaks in the conversation and work out during their information.
Let's start with this and then not senile sclerosis will seem terrible and inevitable disaster.
Easy to remember, hard to forget
Here are some tips for each day.
Police wanted posters of the missing are usually accompanied by portraits of human face on or in profile. However, studies have shown that a much better use for this portrait, taken when turning the head by three quarters. Our memory keeps the rounded projection of individuals.
People better remember the pleasant things than bad. Most of us prefer to remember the gentle kitten or strawberries and cream and quickly forget the worms, snakes and spiders. Freudians say that bad memories man suppresses in himself, so they are forgotten faster pleasant.
Just five seconds review chessboard experienced chess player can remember the position of 90 percent of the figures. The researchers came to the conclusion that the GMs accept any chess position as a whole, not as a collection of individual pieces.
Few people know that our sensory memory retains heard for more than what they see. If you need to remember any list, it is best not to read it yourself, and listen to someone else read aloud.
Of all the details of the face are the most recognizable eyes. If you look at the meeting a man in the eye, then you have a much better chance to learn it the next time.
Category: Mystery and Mysticism