The Hubble Space Telescope has found a super-range region of the universe dynamically changing its properties object that can not be attributed to any of the known classes of celestial bodies in general.
The Hubble Space Telescope has revealed in the constellation Bootes unusual object. The discovery has made an international research project team matches supernova Supernova Cosmology Project.
Working under the name Discovery Of An Unusial Optical Transient With The Hubble Space Telescope is published in the journal Astrophysical Journal.
February 21, 2006 telescope observations conducted a remote galaxy cluster CL 1432.5 +3332.8, the distance to which the largest red shift of spectral lines (1,112) was estimated at 8.2 billion light years.
In the field of view of the telescope was discovered object with variable brightness. It has consistently increased for more than 3 months (about 100 days), reaching a maximum of about 21 magnitude.
Then began the return process. For the same period of time the subject brightness decreased by about 120 times — up to 26 magnitude.
In this case we can not talk about the supernova. First, the light curve is not typical for any kind has been known to science supernova at all. Second, it is out of any recognizable galaxies, the line of sight could not find even a star.
The hypothesis about the impact on the emission of gravitational lenses, distorted beyond recognition, it also had to be rejected.
Strange to the minimum (left) and the maximum (right) light. Hubble image
Scientists using telescopes Subaru, Keck and VLT to register three spectra of the strange object. All of them have little in common with the known spectra of supernovae, and with any of the available spectra in a standard database sky coverage Sloan Digital Sky Survey.
In particular, the spectrum of the object has changed significantly over time, and also is unusually wide absorption bands.
The rapid changes in the properties of the object suggests its small linear dimensions — significantly less than a light-year across.
All this means that in this case is likely to fundamentally new identified type. This, in turn, may mean that the fundamental tenets of modern cosmology and astrophysics can undergo profound revision.