In Russia, do not live long and hard

Photo: ITAR-TASS

The mortality rate in the country surpasses …

The mortality rate in Russia is incredibly high, and life expectancy is much lower than in countries with similar rates of social support. These conclusions were the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) in the review of the system of Public Health.
Organization to which Russia wants to join is similar surveys to assess how national policy complies with the OECD. For example, in Turkey, medical expenses are comparable to the Russian, and the life expectancy is the lowest among OECD countries — 73 years. But in Russia it is even lower — just over 68 years.

Government spending on health care in 2012 in Russia totaled 4.7% of GDP, much lower than in OECD countries (the lowest rate — 6.1% of GDP in Mexico). However, these small investments are spent inefficiently: the same results, according to the organization, could be achieved at a cost of 30% — 40% less.

The mortality rate in Russia at all above the average for OECD countries doubled. Growth a halt only in the mid-2000s. In other OECD countries, it had been declining since the 1970s.

But even this level of mortality — no more than the "average temperature in the hospital." Figures vary widely, depending on the social level. For example, among the unemployed youth mortality in 7 — 11 times higher than among the wealthy. Access to health services depends on the place of residence: regional disparities in per capita funding of almost seven times — from about 3.5 thousand rubles. in Ingushetia to over 23 thousand rubles. in Moscow.

Health problems in Moscow discussed at the round table on "The Health of the Nation: the diagnosis and prospects." The event was attended by doctors, the State Duma, and cultural figures. During the discussion it became clear that Russian kids smoke, drink and are obese. Not so good for adults. Almost half the population (48%) believe that a healthy lifestyle — and it's time to sleep and eat well. Chief Dietician of Moscow Andrey Sharafetdinov assures that more than half of Muscovites suffer from excess supply, hence — diabetes, osteoporosis and even oncology.

Anorexia (ie malnutrition) about 5% of Moscow, where some of the capital's students, this figure reaches 40%. Slimming Muscovites do not even know that they probably have a "deep reservoir of metabolic disorders," protein malnutrition, reproductive disorders and even "increased mortality".

Speaking in April at the State Duma with a report on the activities of the government last year, the then Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin said that the government has already embarked on the second phase of the concept of population policy. It is designed for 2011 — 2015 years. Total for this purpose four years Provides 1.5 trillion. "What are the key results, we expect to reach in 2015? First — this increase in life expectancy to 71 years. Second — increase, compared with 2006, the birth rate of 25% — 30%. As well as reducing mortality, "- said Putin.

Ekaterina Petrenko

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