Is there a European monsoon?

The British also like us to believe that the summer has to be warm and sunny, and the wind and rain — completely useless. But in recent days blossomed newspaper headlines: "Britain is subjected to an impact of the" European monsoon! ": Hurricane force winds, rain, up to 4 inches, 40-foot waves on the sea!

If Atlantic cyclones hurt Scotland — it is, all right, but on the eve of a deep active Atlantic cyclone tore through Wales and England. Storm winds and heavy rains occurred throughout the British Isles. Total precipitation was 50-60 mm in some places for a day, and in Trouskoede, located on the west coast of Britain, fell to 81 mm. In almost all of the wind increased to 18-23 m / s, and on the coast and in the mountains of Scotland to 26-31 m / s, and in the afternoon before winds exceeding 40 m / s!

In fact, the so-called "European monsoon" — it is not the monsoon does explain meteorologists from the Met Office (the National Weather Service of the United Kingdom). Sometimes the conversation can appear a figure of speech to emphasize that any features or draw analogies. Still, the "European monsoon" — this is not a good term that is commonly used for the name of returning in late June and July after westerly winds weaken in late spring. Monsoon usually refers to the specific type of regime prevailing winds — sustained wind changes its direction. For example, a blow from the ocean in summer, in winter from the land. It is typical for tropical regions and some coastal countries of the temperate zone. Especially noticeable and well known Indian monsoon, which brings rain and plays a critical role in the life of the Indian subcontinent.

In Europe, and especially in the British Isles, Western Wind direction — dominant. Westerly winds most often observed in the winter, but their frequency is reduced in late spring. Once again, they begin to dominate in late June-early July. Interesting, but British meteorologists difficult to answer precisely what the cause of this phenomenon may be due to the warming of the continent. Therefore, the term "European monsoon", though, it may be best be described as a "return of the westerlies". There is no credible evidence that this phenomenon is associated with precipitation. The East of England rainfall, in general, does not change much throughout the year, to the west is marked increase in their number in the winter.

DOES THE storm that had just observed in the British Isles, with a "return of the westerlies"? Most recently, the British suffered a cool and wettest in 10 years in April. Was cool and May. "So do not talk about the return of the westerly winds, meteorologists believe" — they just did not go at all.

Yes, more than expected at the beginning of June is a warm and dry weather. But if we turn to the archives, it becomes clear that stormy weather — not so rare. Last time out active cyclone observed in 2010, and that this — in 2004.

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