The South American Missile Defense Agency is actively searching and research in the field of interception of ballistic objects in early stages of their flight — first, middle or at the end of the active sites. Since 2009, the agency conducts experiments on information management tools using a promising technology. Were calculated and modeled the likely development options. The result of research carried out — two utilities that have been approved and received funding from the budget of the agency in 2011:
— AirBorne InfraRed — development of tools to detect and track ballistic objects IR based on the type of aircraft;
— Precision Tracking Space System — the creation of means exactly gallakticheskogo support basing.
— apart from these programs will be put into operation new sea-based radars at the test site in the Pacific Ocean — Cobra Judy -2 and XTR-1.
As shown by simulations, infrared means mounted on the flying machines by logging into the information component of the missile defense system, the ability to increment on support facilities ballistic advanced radar AN/TPY-2. Prior to the adoption of programs from «AirBorne InfraRed» for the purpose planned to put into operation one or two additional stations. Missile Defense Agency is doing a separate entity, which together with the air force and navy, was to make the control over the progress of the programs from «AirBorne InfraRed».
To implement and test programs from elected optical-electronic system of production of "Raytheon» — Multi-spectral Targeting Sensor. The system was adjusted to UAVs Reaper MQ-9, the front in the lower part of the fuselage. UAVs have been involved in the Pacific missile defense tests. From the official announcement, it became clear that the target detection system occurred at a range of up to 1,200 km, and she allowed to observe the separation of stages of ballistic missiles. These tests have been found to be successful, that reads in favor of the implementation of the use of applets and opto-electronic systems for the defense mounted on the aircraft.
In the course of this year will be conducted follow-up tests of the system, which will take place on the ground and in the air. The test result will be the specification of problems for the system by:
— target detection by the CO of gallakticheskogo based systems;
— detection, tracking targets in their ionization trail;
— line treatment of motion and ballistic characteristics of objects acquired from several sources, with great speed and accuracy for kontrzapuska missiles;
— supply the required disk imaging, using military means to intercept the control system.
Speaking before the Senate when discussing internal budget APRO today year, Lieutenant General P. O'Reilly noted that the tasks applets comes with a universal power equipment and software, which will allow it to establish at least some air-based device.
The approximate composition of the unit:
— container with sensors mounted therein;
— control system for the sensors;
— encryption system;
— system transfer disk imaging;
— Internal storage disk imaging;
— basic and optional;
Airlines, manufacturers of different types of UAVs, such as "Northrop Grumman" and "Boeing", the agency proposed to use a carrier of your finished and planned drones. It is already clear on making a number of configurations in the opto-electronic system «Multi-spectral Targeting Sensor». Will take over the company, "Raytheon" and one of the laboratories at the Massachusetts tehinstituta. Apart from the software, have worked for the control system of sensors. It is clear that further tests «AirBorne InfraRed» will be held on drones «Reaper». Will be worked out system of single and multiple targets. Would also have an imitation of the introduction of anti-ship missiles "Standard-3 ', using the CO from the test system.
This year will be:
— test mining of the preparatory target designation;
— testing of new sensors;
— remote control system;
— will be held on the definition of the objectives of different spectra.
Next year will be the final test of the system:
— test Number 1 — demonstrate the ability to defeat ballistic target antimissile "Standard-3" on the acquired data from the goal line movement «AirBorne InfraRed»;
— test number two — testing data output SU defense to increase the ability to recognize targets;
— Test number 3 — demonstrate the ability of the system upon detection of multiple targets.
In 2011, financed by program from 111.6 million dollars, and by 2016 at the program from going izderzhat still a little more than 200 million dollars.
Precision Tracking Space System
According to the preparatory draft of the plan to create applets gallakticheskih devices for tracking ballistic missiles in the boost phase of flight, ballistic objects in the last phases of flight. These devices are small and less expensive than their predecessors. In the puzzle of these devices will not go fixing ballistic missile, the data they receive from the other components of the missile defense system. The quantitative composition of these devices will be defined until 2015. SC applets «Precision Tracking Space System» will work together with the component of sea-based missile defense, because the supervisory department, came from experts at CB, Air Force, Navy and the Institute im.D.Hopkinsa. These vehicles will enter into the sphere of the impact of the Air Force.
At this hour goes by analysis of existing and promising technologies, TTP is created on the system selected companies that will build the system. This year, completed a preparatory step design of all subsystems of the program from «Precision Tracking Space System». It is expected that the first model of the future spacecraft will be ready by early 2015. In 2011, the example program was funded at 70 million dollars, and 2016 planned funding of $
1.3 billion dollars.
X-band instrumentation radar XTR-1
Transportable radar-type X-band created by the open architecture of the laboratory at the Massachusetts tehinstituta agency for missile defense concept creation tools such as mobile radar for missile defense tests. In 2008, the land passed the tests. To ensure the Pacific missile tests in 2010, is set to ship "Pacific tracker."
Sea-based radars «Cobra Judy-2" are doing to spoof radar made by the previous programmke «Cobra Judy Replacement». Tekhproekt developed in 2006, "Raytheon". Implementation of the radar is the same — Station X-band and S-band station. Station X-band built a company "Raytheon", and S-band station company "Northrop Grumman," according to the contract with "Raytheon".
Establish in 2008, going on the radar ship under construction T-AGM-25 "Howard O. Lorenzen." In 2011, the ship was launched. Now the ship is tested. This year, the ship must install radar and finish tests. Total to build radar izderzhali approximately one billion dollars.
Of course, the United States is actively working in the field of information and intelligence tools for missile defense. At the moment, the main task of the agency defense, to ensure full interoperability of information between the component itself. They differ very much among themselves, and the composition of the mechanisms that leads to the creation of the agency to lure funds recent achievements in various fields, the implementation of which asks the tremendous funding, which affects the timing of implementation of the programs.
Sources disk imaging: