Settlements in north-central Namibia cut off from the world of severe flooding
May 7. Severe flooding in the north central and eastern Namibia, may significantly eased over the past few weeks, but even so, its consequences affecting more than 220 thousand people in need of restoration of the old life.
According to the Representative and Humanitarian Coordinator of the UN Carey Ekke about 15 percent of the seven areas most affected by the floods.
Flooding led to the loss of life, severe damage to infrastructure, schools and health centers were closed, disrupting their natural order of work. Also affected more than 100,000 students from 324 schools flooded, 163 of them were closed, 22 health centers or completely immersed in water, or flooded.
The fact that more than half of the Namibian population lives on the slopes of the annual flooding of the areas the government does not relax. According to preliminary estimates, particularly high need for food, shelter, transportation, and education.
Humanitarian organizations such as the International Red Cross and Unicef provided tents for temporary shelters, provide boats for mobile health clinics, water purification tablets, insecticides, mosquito nets to prevent malaria.
One of the biggest and adapted for a stay of flood victims camp is located in the constituency of Kabbah in north-eastern Namibia, it placed 1,118 people.
In the north central region of Namibia, about 60 to 70 percent of people in the camps are women and children, the current situation is particularly difficult. Lack of sanitation is questionable in good health in the camps. Although the government is making all efforts to ensure a stable supply of products affected by the floods, however, such supplies are irregular and anecdotal because of poorly thought-out the delivery process.
Floods have also increased the risk of disease, destroyed arable land, of which a living population of the northern regions. Even in cities may suffer business owners who depend on the economy of the northern regions.
Deputy. Prime Minister Marco Ausiku said that the Government is currently one of the main priorities considers the issue of resettlement of villagers affected by the flood wave.
Heavy rains in South Africa and Namibia
May 12. Since 2010, the average rainfall in many parts of sub-Saharan Africa, Angola, Namibia, Tanzania, Cameroon, Congo and Madagascar, were higher according to the Climate Prediction National Weather United States. Constant rains caused an overflow of ephemeral rivers (ephemeral RIVER — the river, the bed of which is filled with water only in certain seasons when it rains or melting snow, and at other times either completely dry or it remains small isolated reaches, — annotated. Interpreter) as Kuiseb in Namibia and the Boteti in Botswana, while in both rivers is experiencing record high water levels. Exceptionally heavy rains and floods have occurred even in the most arid areas of Africa.
In early May 2011 the amount of precipitation the Namib desert in one day was more than usual during the year. The above map shows the distribution of rainfall in Namibia and South Africa, as of 5 May 2011. Conclusions were reached by analyzing images taken from many satellites and on the basis of data from the TRMM (TRMM — a system to monitor rainfall in the tropics, more here — annotated. Translator). Color gradation from green to blue indicates the range of precipitation: 20 millimeters and 70 millimeters higher. In most of the Namib Desert during the year near the coast receives less than 20 millimeters of rainfall during the year.
Photo depicts what looks like a so-called "storm wave" associated with the occurrence of heavy precipitation caused by the storm in the center of the Namib Desert — one of the driest regions in Africa. Cloud cover at ground level due to a strong downdraft. As such, during heavy rain raindrops impact on the state of air. A twist, "tightening" of air masses at the base is due to collisions with the Earth's surface wind and its further development.
An example of a strong and sudden rainfall is the main image of the above, the reason for this is the short duration of the storm and the high amount of rainfall in a very short period of time on one area. Storm covered the Namib Desert to the east of Walvis Bay.
Officials from the government and international aid organizations estimate that about a few hundred thousand people lost their homes and had to move because of flooding in Namibia. At least 62 people were killed. Ditch, caused by heavy rains have led to the destruction of roads, some officials worried about the possible increase in water or mosquito-borne diseases due to stagnant water.
During the new storm in the southern regions of the representative of the Namibian Ministry of Environment told a media — The Cap Times, that the local river got 50 millimeters of rain, which is higher than the annual rate of rainfall for the canyon. Two dams: Hardop and Nauta were overcrowded and had to open the floodgates.