On the Sacrament of Penance

4.1. On the sacrament of confession before a commoner or a monk, is not vested in the priesthood, we have a clear indication from the Scriptures: "Confess sins to one another DRC vashya and Pray for one another, like a healed yes: a lot can bo prayer pospeshestvuema righteous" (James . 5, 16). St. Paul, referring to the forgiveness of Corinth krovosmesnika clearly speaks of the right to let go of this sin of the local Christian community, if it is according to the will of God: "If ye Emuzhe that grant, and al: for al ashche that the gifts emuzhe gifts, for you, the person of Christ Jesus "(2 Cor. 2, 10).

4.2. This is confirmed in the doctrine and practice of the Holy Church. In Nomocanon said: "If DRC who is a priest is not proficient, and the other a priest, having the same art of spiritual act, these things more than the thoughts of the righteous is a priest priimati and correctly ispravlyati" (sheet 730). Blaz. Theophylact of Bulgaria, in the interpretation of the Matt. 18, 18: "Elika If ye shall bind on earth will be bound in heaven," wrote: "If, say, you're hurt, you will have as a heathen and a publican who treated you unfairly, then so it will be in the sky. If you let it, that is, simply, that he will be forgiven in heaven. For not only that allow priests is decidability, but the fact that we, when we are treated unfairly, associate or permit, or is svyazyvaemo decidability and in heaven. "Rev. Fr. Theodore Studite testifies:" But he (the bishop) sees that dominates heresy and circumstances all round shy, then to all wishing to heal illness happened, how can one, and He did well, honorable, and so committed is the law, and a soul for whom Christ died, was not left without healing. Therefore penance, used in the present time, the nature of healing of … Not tempted to make these actions, and provide proof of true love "(Letter 162). "Not nasty rules — says the same prep. Theodore — and assign a simple monk penance" (letter 215 to the monk Methodius).

4.3. In the lives of the saints tells of making a confession by anyone not of the priestly dignity. Thus St.. Anthony the Great, many came to him and instructed take the thoughts and Ven. Paul Preprostomu filed monastic form, St. Pachomius the Great, collecting many monasteries, was also the thoughts of the brethren have rejected Christ and overlaid penance and corrected; St. Ioanniky Great confessed and took a heretic iconoclast, having to repent, has made a true Christian, St.. Martyr Christopher, taking two harlots penitents gave them forgiveness, elder-bound student a simpleton "apostolic authority" (Prologue, October 15.).

4.4. In the early Church the sacrament of confession early Christian era did not have the forms that appeared in church practice later. Repentance was happening publicly in the temple, and all the people of God allows or linked sinner. However, public penance or repentance before the primate was done only in the grave and mortal sins, for the sins of others as Christians sought the forgiveness of God in private prayer, which, of course, also credited as true repentance. For the sacrament of penance, in contrast to the other sacraments are not associated with a visible rite, but it is a matter of purely moral.

So it was understood repentance in the scriptures of the Holy Fathers and Doctors of the Church I-III centuries. In general, according to the patristic teaching, true repentance is charged only in the koi do leave the sin confessed that, for repentance is, above all, a change of mind.

The fact that in the absence of the confessor should repent to God alone-and this counted for true repentance, according to Rudder book: "Question: If thou in sins did grow old man bequeaths to his prayer covenant between him and God, saying, Thou forgive me Lord, ordeal sinned heretofore, and so not my sodeyu ancient sin nor drawn to them, but I will confess your name. Ashche SEA covenant to God having created man in Maleh dneh die, which requires there pomyshlyati A: Acceptance byst his repentance from God "( Ven. Anastasia Sinai, sheet 629).

4.5. To make a sacramental confession (secret confession to the priest) requires evidence of confession, which testifies to the truth of its conclusion. He is the mediator between God and the repentant sinner who has the power to authorize and bind, however, so as to be in accord with the will of God, and not of their own will. This is the main foundation of the sacrament sacramental confession, which the performer is the Lord Jesus Christ.

4.6. The sacrament of confession is not related to the sacrament of the Eucharist (communion), and can be performed either together or separately to it. In the absence of spiritual or any other witness to the confession of the Christian faithful, every Christian, barrier for Holy Communion, that is not excommunicated from communication and not under penance, not to commit the most serious, deadly sins that need healing in the sacrament of confession to spiritual father — may partake of the Body and Blood of Christ, using rank "Skete", or more precisely — "behind closed doors" of repentance, which is a detailed confession in private prayer before God possible sins. "Skitsky repentance" thus imputed to true repentance and requires no additional purification repentance before the confessor.

However, everyone should be guided by the voice of conscience more than the establishment of laws, for one rule for all on confession in this case can not be determined, because everyone needs a spiritual healing, which is consistent with the state of his soul.

4.7. Administration of the sacraments of penance bezsvyaschennicheskim rank is not a right that applies only in special circumstances, but the constant practice of the Church, as used in the Holy Church has always and everywhere, because the basis of its moral authority put Confession — miryanina or monk — capable of spiritual direction believers . Institute elders perfectly illyustiriruet this experience.

4.8. Since the main point is the sacrament of penance in the confession of sin before God and renounced them in the presence of a witness who, in the name of God forgives the repentant — that so-called. "The prayer", beginning with the words: "The Lord our God Jesus Christ …" and the imposition of a priestly confessor with his stole on the cross, is not a necessary condition of validity of the sacrament of penance and the church practice currently not used. In fact, this "the prayer" — a comparatively later appeared since 1671, when the re-release of the Order Euchologion confession was added formula Catholic origin (Rituale sacramentorum) Evhologiona of Peter Graves, which is known as "razreshatelnaya prayer."

4.9. During the communist persecution of the Church in the practice of confession was also included correspondence when the repentant send it in writing the bishop or priest, who, on receiving it, proofread decent rite of the sacrament prayers. Such a way of making the confession does not contradict the essence and meaning of this sacrament.

Category: Mystery and Mysticism

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