Before the year is bread in Russia may rise in price by an average of 10 percent, said yesterday at a press conference the president of the Russian Grain Union (RGU) Arkady Zlochevsky. Among the reasons why experts call the rise in flour and July indexation of tariffs.
Flour prices rose following an increase in the cost of grain. The situation on the world market had a negative impact in the U.S. drought, adverse climatic conditions in most parts of Russia. However, according to Zlochevsky, the grounds for panic. "10-percent rise in bread — this is a normal reflection of the situation. Bread more expensive rate, overtaking inflation. Previously, they fell behind on it, "- said the expert opinion.
Furthermore, in his view, the attention to the subject of the cost of loaves exaggerated. The share of grain in the diet of Russians is steadily decreasing, convinced Zlochevsky. Indicating an increase of income. "The demand for animal moves and vegetables. And attention to the cost of bread — a legacy of the Soviet period, "- said the president of the RGU.
Another issue of concern to many, if not increase due to the increase in grain prices price of vodka. According to Arkady Zlochevsky, the pricing of this product primarily affect the value of excise duties. So the cost of spirits will depend on the financial policy of the state.
Meanwhile, in order to stabilize the situation on the grain market, the government decided to commodity grain interventions. They will be held in the Siberian Federal District. From the State Fund will sell wheat of the third and fourth classes, informed Deputy Prime Minister Arkady Dvorkovich. Earlier, Ministry of Agriculture estimated the required volume of grain sales to 500,000 tonnes by the end of the year. And not only in Siberia, but also in the Urals and the Far East. It was assumed that the wheat will be for mills. And the Ministry of Agriculture supported the starting price for grain at 7.5 rubles per ton. Incidentally, in the south of Russia grain cost up to 10 thousand rubles per ton. And to this, including lead and active exporters. By October 4 abroad has already sold 7.5 million tons of Russian grain. But in the last week of September, the pace of exports declined in October, Russia can supply to foreign markets 2-2.5 million tons of grain. In general, the current agricultural year grain exports from Russia, according to the RGU may reach 14-15 million tons. For comparison, last year our country Urozhainaya sold abroad some 28 million tons of grain.
By the way, despite the drought, grain yield and its reserves in the country would be enough to meet domestic demand, convinced RGU. According to recent data regions in Russia have already collected 68 million tons of grain. "Statistics show more in the 5-6 million. Thus, the yield will be 72-73 million tonnes in clean weight, "- said Arkady Zlochevsky. According to him, about 5 million tons will be hidden away, and the real yield will be 77-78 million tons.