The first of the now existing private military companies (PMCs) have appeared during the "cool war". With all of this control the U.S., England, Israel, South Africa directly contributed to their creation. PMCs could charge more "tainted" work (such as the overthrow of legitimate governments or organization of terrorist groups), and in the event of failure to disown them under the pretext that operated businesses.
After the end of "cool war" demand for the services of PMCs was even higher, with all this due to the dramatic reduction of the armed forces both in the West and in the East there was an explosive growth in the supply: the labor market left a lot of retired military personnel.
By the mid-2000s, the number of PMCs (refers to the companies that provide specific services to the military, rather than dealing with logistical support) exceeds one hundred square meters, the number of their employees have gained 2 million people, the total market capitalization exceeded 20 billion dollars, and the volume of services provided was, according to various estimates, from 60 to 180 billion dollars a year. The more famous and big PMCs — Hulliburton, Blackwater, DynCorp, Logicon, Brown & Root, MPRI, Control Risks, Bechtel, ArmorGroup, Erinys, Sandline International, International Defense and Security. Their services are becoming more different. They are involved in mine action, protect the fundamental objects, organize the delivery of various kinds of cargo, and develop plans for military construction and the introduction of combat forces (as, MPRI was engaged in the preparation of the armed forces of Croatia, who defeated the fall of 1995 and eliminated the Serbian Krajina). In this regard, employers for PMCs sometimes become the official international organizations, including the UN.
Services by PMC more necessary in a situation where most of the western armies are not ready to lead the operation, implying severe loss. But "private traders" with the losses are not registered. Their loss not cut in official statistics states that it is very comfortable with the propaganda point of view. In this case, in the PMCs are citizens and those states that are not officially involved in the war, and even condemn it. For example, a significant number of German mercenaries are fighting in Iraq in the ranks of American and British PMCs, although the management of Germany was and remains one of the main enemies of the war. And not so long ago, it became clear that the German personal security company Asgaard German Security Group (of which, and wrote "The News") sent to Somalia, a group of 100 soldiers who will fight on the side of the self-proclaimed "President of the Republic of Somalia" Galadida Darman, has not received the recognition of the international community.
Many PMCs seek to recruit foreigners to own composition. With all of this preference is often given to citizens of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, as developing countries, as they are distinguished by a good level of preparation, ready to wage war for the least resources than the citizens of Western countries whose wages are in conflict areas can reach 20 thousand bucks a month. The content of a mercenary, by the way, costs about 10 times more expensive than a soldier standing army.
The fact that public administration does not carry any formal responsibility for the loss of PMCs, nor for the atrocities committed by their employees, is leading to more harnessing their wide in the wars with armies or permanent instead of. Overhead relegated to the second plan. For example, in Iraq, is now active more 400 PMCs, the total number of staff exceeds 200 thousand people, ie more than in the U.S. military and its allies. Loss of these structures at least not less than the standing armies, but in the official statistics are not taken into account. With all of this PMC constantly become members of various kinds of scandals, as their employees behave in relation to the peaceful population of more more aggressive than the "official" troops (in Iraq in this respect in particular the "famous" Blackwater).
Not counting the "fact of the war," PMCs are taking over more and more support functions. It's all kinds of logistic support (including, for example, the production of food for the soldiers and cleaning the barracks), engineering, airport services, transport services. In the near future the newest area of PMCs has intelligence (still about 10 years back to provide for themselves this was unrealistic). Thus, firms developers drones "Predator" and "Global Hawk" heavily used Yankees in Iraq and Afghanistan, it is involved in their maintenance and management, including specifically in the field. The officer standing army only puts the overall puzzle. Other PMC collect and analyze disk imaging on terrorist groups (including the Web), provide for the armed forces interpreters with Asian languages.
And equally the number of defected to quality. Not so long ago, the Pentagon has found that the U.S. military has, in principle, can not work without personal subsidiaries, they can not carry out even limited military operation. For example, it was found that the fuel supply to group allies in Iraq privatized by 100%. It was once thought that verbovanie privateers result in cost savings of the military budget. At the moment, of course, that the situation is the reverse: their services are even more expensive than if "municipal" the military did the same job on their own. But apparently, it's too late. The process became irreversible nature.
On the way to the creation of the PMC, while acting in the interests of the country, can go and China. At least, it was discussed in the acclaimed book "China is unhappy," posted in the previous year and is regarded as a global description of the plan of China's military expansion. Private military companies, named in the book "security companies to protect the seas," should be the principal part of this expansion, "We can not say yet more clear and specific, concerns the use of demobilized military personnel who have resigned from the army. We have such becom-operation, people and organization, and our "security company to protect the seas" can return peace in so many regions of the world where lawlessness reigns and mess. "As you know, China is a very intensive economic expansion in Asia and Africa, it will be reasonable if for engineers and workers come and go, the Chinese military is formally considered "private traders".
The consequences of the emerging trend of "privatization of war" remain to be seen. It is suspected that they may prove very sudden. And it's very nasty.