Switching to energy-efficient lighting will allow Russia to save $ 2.9 billion annually and 53.2 terawatt-hours of electricity, which is 46.3% of the total electricity consumption for lighting, is evident from the report in the framework of the UNEP en.lighten.
In addition, the rejection of inefficient lighting will reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 16.9 million tonnes of CO2-equivalent per year, emissions of mercury — at 979.8 pounds, SO2 and NO — 31.5 and 58.3 tons, according to the report.
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Global Environment Facility (GEF) in 2016 are going to replace all the bulbs in the world with more modern and energy-efficient — compact fluorescent and LED. En.lighten project involves a move to a more modern and "green" technologies in lighting, which is spent on about 20% of all electricity in the world.
UNEP at the UN Conference on Sustainable Development "Rio +20" 150 national reports submitted to the Member States of a global initiative that evaluated the possible benefits of switching to energy efficient lighting. Globally, the economy is estimated at $ 110 billion, and 5% of the total electricity consumption. Greenhouse gas emissions will be reduced by 490 million tons of CO2-equivalent per year.
In addition, experts have prepared a global map of a country's progress in the field of energy efficiency policies in the light. When creating maps evaluated the regulatory framework, accompanying measures, in particular in the field of education and promotion of energy efficiency in the population, monitoring and evaluation, and environmental aspects of energy efficiency policy.
Russia on the map is marked in orange, which means the average level of progress in these areas. A similar assessment were Kazakhstan and Belarus, while Ukraine has a lower "red" rating, there is insufficient progress.
According to the report, without switching to energy efficient lighting electricity demand for lighting by 2030 will increase by 60%. UNEP experts have noted that the majority of OECD countries, Argentina, Brazil, China, Colombia, Mexico and Vietnam launched a program for the complete abandonment of incandescent or have already implemented such programs.
The authors of the report point out that a number of countries, particularly China and Nigeria, have decided to "skip over one of the steps" and move away from traditional light sources directly to the LED, which contributes a constant depreciation of the technology.
According to the head of Philips "Lighting" Public Relations and Government Relations Verhaara Harry (Harry Verhaar), both LEDs in lighting technology have already proven their worth, and the price of LED products, which is a deterrent to its widespread distribution, decreases very quickly.
"In the next two years, we expect them to significantly reduce, by 2020 energy saving lamps have become cheaper by 60-70%," — said the Verhaar.
He also noted that Philips, a partner of en.lighten, expects to increase the share of LED products in their own sales to 80% by 2020.