Russia is different from Europe's high income inequality, low government spending on health care and record-high mortality from cardiovascular diseases and accidents. On these "achievements" of our country against the EU said yesterday Rosstat, who published more than a hundred tables of comparisons between Russia and Europe. The most glaring gap is fixed on social indicators, the quality of health care and the difference in incomes. Thus, the number of deaths from coronary heart disease in Europe, Russia is an absolute champion and is ahead on this indicator, most European countries are three to four times.
Rosstat published Tuesday a multi-collection comparisons "Russia and the countries — members of the European Union", which compares the economic and social indicators in Russia and 27 countries of the European Union. It is noteworthy that the level of per capita consumption and production of our country is by no means the most backward. So, in terms of household consumption Russia confident ahead of the poorest EU countries — Bulgaria and Romania. And the largest per capita GDP ahead of Russia not only Bulgaria and Romania, but also Latvia and even Poland — at least so say the Office of Alexander Surinov. In Russia, GDP per capita is estimated at 15.9 thousand euros (at purchasing power parity). In Poland's per capita GDP is only slightly more than 14 thousand euros. In Bulgaria and Romania, the GDP per capita of 10.9 and 11.7 thousand euros, respectively. This refers to the pre-crisis figures for 2008, and more recent comparable data until Rosstat does not.
To the richest European countries with a per capita GDP of 20-30 thousand euros in Russia, of course, far. But the most impoverished country in Europe, our country is clearly not. Seem all the more surprising failing social indicators on which our country was far behind even the poorest countries in the European Union.
Many examples of such failures, in particular, shows a national health care. Thus, in Russia the death rate from coronary heart disease reaches 352 deaths per 100 thousand inhabitants. This is almost six times higher than in Belgium, four times higher than in Austria, and three times more than the poorest in Bulgaria. The level of mortality from infectious diseases to Russia can not even come close, none of the EU countries. The same picture is a failure, and mortality from cardiovascular diseases. So apparent "success" of Russia, may be due to the fact that public spending on health care, we are about 4% of GDP, while in the developed EU countries are at the level of 6-8% of GDP.
No less amazing look mortality in Russia due to road traffic accidents (RTA).
Although our country behind Europe in the number of cars per thousand people, according to the number killed in traffic accidents Russia more than doubled ahead of countries — members of the European Union. By 100 thousand people in Russia, according to Rosstat, in a traffic accident killed 20 people, and in Romania and Bulgaria — 13 and 12 people respectively. In most EU countries the figure is less than 10 deaths per 100 thousand inhabitants.
Russia lags behind all the EU countries and the so-called human development index.
Through this index can compare the different countries of the three basic elements: a long and healthy life, access to knowledge and standard of living. In Russia, the Human Development Index in 2010 of 0.72 points, and in the poorest of Romania and Bulgaria than 0.74 and 0.76 points respectively.
Another indicator by which Russia strongly stands against European countries — a measure of income inequality. The so-called Gini coefficient, which is in our country 42%, while in Germany, Austria or Spain, it does not exceed 35%. Experts explain the striking differences of Russia from Europe a variety of factors — from ineffective governance to excessive social spending. "The high death rate in road accidents in the first place is associated with terrible infrastructure, outdated standards in the construction and design of this infrastructure. And ignorance of motorists in terms of liability for third parties ", — said Advisor to the Chairman of the National Republican Bank Roman Brezitsky. A high death rate from cardiovascular disease is related, according to him, the lack of prevention and early diagnosis, as well as the lack of health promotion. "Economic disparities among different segments of the population increases from year to year, not only in Russia but throughout the world, including the developed countries of Western Europe. In Russia, this figure is particularly high, as the state policy in the social sphere has stalled since the formation of the new Russia ", — said Brezitsky.
Some experts link the quality of life in Europe with a large public debt. "Budget unbalanced system in Russia, and the EU. But in the Russian budget system simply tougher European. Russia's national debt does not exceed 15% of GDP, while in the EU it reaches 60-100% of GDP, "- said the chief economist of the" Finam Management "Alexander Osin. Inefficient public administration in the EU offset by stepping up debt — public, corporate and private. This is the total debt in Europe, about 350% of GDP, while in Russia it is only about 80-100% of GDP, he said. "Another problem of the Russian economy — is the monopolization of basic industries, which leads to a redistribution of wealth in favor of the relatively narrow range of industrial, mining companies and service providers. This situation is reflected indirectly in social inequalities, "- explains Osin.
|Mortality by cause of death (number of deaths per 100 thousand population)|
|Countries||Infectious diseases||Diseases of the circulatory|
|The number of road deaths (100 thousand people)|