Our homeland lost the fourth in a row Indian tender for the supply of military aircraft — winning the contest six tankers Il-78MKI has given European A330MRTT. In previous tenders MiG-35, Mi-28NE and Mi-26T2 also lost to foreigners. A string of defeats, first explains the novelty of the proposed Russian technology, now seems to have been on the right shows a systemic crisis in the defense industry and military-export industry of Russia. Without severe changes in the policy of military supplies and marketing defeats of the Russian Federation on the Indian market priklnnom usually last.
India tried to purchase a new tanker aircraft with 2 tenders. The first was launched in 2008. It took part in three companies: South American Boeing, Airbus and European "Rosoboronexport". They offered to Indian military tankers flying KC-767AT, A330MRTT and Il-78MKI, respectively. In May 2009, Fali Homi Maggiore, who was then as commander of the Indian Air Force, announced that the military does not want to buy the Il-78MKI — winning the tender won the European tanker aircraft. At the end of the first tender documents for the approval of the transaction have been transferred to the Committee on Indian security.
In general, at the end of 2009, the Ministry of money India has canceled the results of the competition for the supply of air tankers, considering the purchase price A330MRTT very highest. In 2010, the Indian Defense Ministry announced a second tender the supply of tankers flying. Applications for the role, and serves all of the same company, but in January 2011, Boeing announced its withdrawal from the Indian tender. South American concern then said that his tanker aircraft will not take part in international competitions until that time, pending the results of the tender South American KC-X.
Advanced tests Russian and Indian Air Force tanker euro graduated in January 2012 and handed over to the conclusion of the Department of Defense aircraft. First, in October 2012 the Indian military opened the envelopes with the commercial proposals and Airbus "Rosoboronexport". According to the publication Defense News, referring to sources in the Indian Defense Ministry, Russian Il-78MKI was in the procurement of euro cheaper aircraft, but in terms of maintenance and fuel consumption — significantly more expensive.
Cash characteristics of commercial proposals and the results of the tests were not disclosed. The source said the Defense News, the tenderers have not yet received notification of the results. RIA Announces managing the press service of "Rosoboronexport" Vyacheslav Davydenko confirmed that the notification of the results of the tender from Indian state-owned company has not yet received. Meanwhile, the Indian Air Force wants to buy 12 new aircraft refueling, 6 of which — from Airbus following a tender. Other 6 tankers may also be purchased from Airbus or the results of a new competition.
In October 2002, India has caught the Russian Federation has 6 air tankers Il-78MKI. These tankers were collected at the Tashkent Aviation Production Association in Uzbekistan. They got the engines D-30KP-2 second series, the Israeli fuel pumping equipment with 3 systems "hose-cone" (two on the wingtips and one in the rear) and a refreshed on-board equipment. These tanker aircraft and is currently operating on the Indian Air Force, but the military are unhappy with their service and supply of spare parts and consumables to the Il-78MKI.
Namely, in 2009 Fali Maggiore said that the Indian side is experiencing constant interruptions to the supply of spare parts and consumables are also difficulties with the after sales service of aircraft. In 2010-2011, the Indian military has also complained about the bad performance of Russia's own post-marketing responsibilities. With all this, it became clear that India has to deal with these complexities even began to buy aircraft parts for Russian aircraft from third countries. In response to our homeland said that the premise of the highest accident rates the Indian Air Force is the introduction of counterfeit parts.
In February 2011, the Director of the Federal Service for Military-Technical Cooperation Mikhail Dmitriev admitted that foreign buyers of Russian military equipment placing a lot of claims to the products supplied. The fact is that even if the USSR underestimated the dignity of repair and modernization of the supplied equipment, supply of spare parts, tools and accessories. "We have it, unfortunately, inherited, and to overcome this legacy was not so easy," — explained Dmitriev. In general, this situation will be corrected.
According to unofficial data, India has decided to hold a tender for the purchase of six air tankers specifically as experienced difficulties in aftermarket Il-78MKI. Frame the purchase of new aircraft from other states will allow in the future to get rid of unnecessary problems, bad for the country's defense as a whole. In general, more likely to buy new tankers India has decided to increase in the future due to the Air Force for service which should get additional new Su-30MKI and the Dassault Rafale.
In general, and apart from the difficulties with the supply of spare parts at the loss of IL-78MKI there are several impartial circumstances. Compared with A330MRTT Russian plane substantially out of date. It is equip with 4 small capacity power plants, has twice the least duration of the flight than A330MRTT, relatively obsolete aircraft equipment, and the crew comes in twice as many people. With all of this European tanker, made on the basis of a civilian airliner A330 uses digital equipment, processed fuel efficiency technology, and its crew consists of just three people.
Yet it was previously assumed that the Il-78MKI chances of winning more than the euro opponent. But much of the reason in favor of the Russian tanker came down to the fact that most of the fighters and helicopters in service with India — Russian and Russian production, and means compatibility with filling systems Il-78MKI is promised. In addition, India has already has all the necessary infrastructure for the maintenance and servicing Russian tanker, and the purchase of the latest batch of these aircraft to retrain pilots and operators of filling in the new systems do not have to.
It is possible that more than the highest chances of winning the Indian tender would have a new Russian tanker aircraft, which is planned to be based on a military transport aircraft Il-476 (Il-76MD-90A) who made the first flight on 22 September 2012. Filling ability of the aircraft while unidentified. Transportnik wing was increased r
igidity, it is a digital cockpit, and its capacity increased from 50 to 60 tons. But the Il-476 is still in the development stage, and its delivery to the Russian Air Force is scheduled for 2015 year.
A string of failures
Meanwhile, the Russian defeat in the competition to supply air tankers has become a fourth defeat in a row in Indian tenders for the last two years. So, in 2011, out of the tender for the supply of 126 multi-role fighters MMRCA worth 10-12 billion dollars was eliminated Russian military plane MiG-35. In the same year, it became clear that the competition for the supply of 22 attack helicopters worth 1.4 billion dollars South American AH-64D Apache Longbow lost Mi-28NE "Night Hunter". Finally, in October 2012 it was reported that the transport Mi-26T2 victory gave South American CH-47F Chinook in the tender for the supply of 15 helicopters languid total price of about billion dollars.
So Makar, the defeat in four Indian tenders, including tenders for refueling aircraft, cost of in the 13.5-14 billion dollars of lost profits, and with the ability to purchase additional transport 6 — 15 billion dollars. The defeat in the first 2-tenders Russian side explained the fact that the trials were actually presented models of military equipment — mass creation Mi-28N only began in 2008, and mass production of the MiG-35 in general has not adjusted. With all this trouble to explain and "damp" on-board equipment.
In general, not work without the weirdness. According to the results of the tender MMRCA India has announced that the MiG-35 was eliminated from the competition because of its radar with an active phased array antenna "Zhuk-MAE" failed to show the claimed detection range and engines of aircraft took to the lowest, than was needed traction. Yet, despite the failure of the "Zhuk-MAE" in the tender, the Indian side still chose these radars as part of a package of modernization already standing on the arms of the MiG-29 and MiG version-29UPG. In addition, India and wants to buy an upgraded version of the radar.
The defeat of the Mi-26T2 lot of competition in the Indian amazed. This helicopter is currently the most lifting aircraft such type, commercially produced in the world. The Indian tender was offered an upgraded version of the Mi-26 — T2, which received the latest avionics, engines refreshed, as a number of other systems and in many ways superior to the South American rival. According to unconfirmed reports, the Indians prefer Chinook, because its price was below the Russian Mi-26T2.
By the way, the results of the tender provoked a lot of ridicule over the Indian Ministry of Defence in the Russian sector of the web. Namely, users remember a case where a padded in Afghanistan in October 2009, the Chinook was evacuated to the outside of the suspension transport helicopter Mi-26, the company "Vertical-T".
Yet, surprisingly, that the rule "Russian technology is cheaper" in the near future more transformed into a myth, however. Back in February 2011 Dmitriev said that in the past couple of years, a trend appreciation of Russian military products because of rising prices of devices. "It is not our area. Export We are passionate about, not only the creation and state the alarming situation, as a result, export prices of Russian military products is also creeping up," — said Dmitriev.
Partially defeated Russian technology in Indian tenders due to the fact that since 2009, the Ministry of Defence of India has a policy of diversification of military procurement, trying to get equipment from different vendors. At the current time fraction of military mission in service with Russian production in India is about 65 percent. But in the last couple of years, the Indian management has become more intense to speak in favor of the extension and strengthening of military-technical and economic cooperation with the United States and Israel.
While our home is a favorite for the supply of arms and military equipment to India and it will remain still long years — the Indian Defense Ministry buys Su-30MKI and MiG-29K/KUB Mi-17V-5 missile "BrahMos" fighter FGFA (based on the PAK-FA), and so on. Orders for Russian cannon placed by the Ministry of Defence of India, at the present time exceeds 11 billion dollars. All the same, and besides defeats in tenders negative trend is already visible at the moment: in October, the Indian Air Force Command has decided to reduce the FGFA order for 60 units.
But failure is seen, not only in the ticky-tacky after-sales service, to complain that the Indian military, or the growth of Russian export prices of military production (in the end, its price is justified and foreign equipment, which is chosen by the customer).
A string of defeats in the Indian tender indicates a more profound systemic crisis in the military-industrial complexes and export of. In part, it is neobmyslennoy export policy and no matter how mundane it may sound, marketing. If the U.S. (direct competitor on the world market) are brought to the full-scale international exhibition standards of their own products, our homeland, usually, "spoils" the future buyers of all kinds of booklets and toy modelka engineering plastics. Even the air combat simulation that is so adored in the West, uzreesh occasionally.