The first experiments are planned, which will pave the way for construction on the Moon "Ark in case of the apocalypse." In the ark will be stored DNA, embryos and all the necessities of life and civilization, and take advantage of these resources, if the land is made desolate collision with a giant asteroid, abrupt climate change or nuclear disaster.
According to Bernard Foing, executive director of the International Working Group studies of the Moon (ILEWG), this database will help the surviving earthlings revive humanity, using a set of instruments that are managed from a distance. The basic version of the ark would contain hard drives with the code of DNA, as well as instructions for metal smelting of ores and planting crops. It will be hidden in a vault beneath the lunar surface at a shallow depth. The Ark will be served by robots.
In the event of a catastrophe special transmitters will transmit data back to Earth on a well-protected from the elements receivers. If no receiver shall not escape, the ark will transmit information without interruption until such time as on Earth will acquire new receivers.
Later storage can be expanded to store biological materials such as microbes, animal embryos and plant seeds, as well as cultural sites, such as those that are found in the vaults of museums.
In the next ten years, scientists from the European Space Agency will check whether living organisms exist in the lunar vault — they hope to conduct experiments on the ecosystems of bacteria and plants. It said Dr Foing, who is also the supervisor of lunar mission of the European Space Agency, using the apparatus of "Smart-1."
The first flowers — tulips or arabidopsis (this plant is widely used for research purposes) will be able to grow in the years 2012-2015. Tulips are ideal for this purpose, as their bulbs can be frozen, transported long distances, and then germinate almost without feeding. Combined with algae, an artificial atmosphere in a sealed room and chemically-rich lunar soil, they could form the basis of reviving the ecosystem. "In the end, there will need to place something like Noah's Ark — a wide range of species of our biosphere," — said Dr Foing.
Scientists suggest to place the first experimental data base on the moon no later than 2020. Period of its existence, is designed for 30 years. A full backup will be put into operation by 2035. The Ark would have to hide under a layer of rock to protect it from extreme temperatures, radiation and vacuum. One of the power sources are solar panels.
Information will be available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish; transmitters bind the ark with 4 thousand terrestrial storage, which will be provided with shelter and food and water for the people who survived the crash.
Dr Foing said: "Although there are not aware of a single asteroid, which could face the Earth, the presence of craters on the Earth and the Moon indicates that the asteroid strikes have occurred frequently over the lifetime of the solar system.
A collision with a large asteroid could strike the Earth's environment catastrophic damage and be fatal to living beings. According to popular opinion, it is because of such collision 65 million years ago, dinosaurs became extinct, "- says Foing. But to create this Noah's Ark in the end we have to bring people to the moon.
Only people can do what it takes to genetic laboratory work successfully. While we are on earth, are already working in areas such as deciphering the genetic code, cloning and stem cell research. The scientists who happen to work on the moon, will be able to adapt these technologies — to grow the cells, store them and carry out experiments to make sure that the embryological studies of lunar conditions possible. "
Building the Ark was discussed in February of this year, William Burroughs and Jim Burke at the symposium "Space solutions for the global challenges of the Earth" at the International Space University in Strasbourg (France).