Adopted by the state armaments program for 2011-2020 does the basic rate for the purchase of modern equipment and weapons. But whether the rate is justified by new standards of AME? Not logical to buy large quantities at once the latest technology and modernize an old.
In most states specifically do just that: upgrading the existing fleet of weapons, the party purchasing new weapons along the front where there is a severe "gaps" in the country's defense.
The problem of technological barrier
Last technological barrier has overcome the world's population "due to" the second world war — air force defected from the machines to the helical jet, was mastered atomic energy, made ballistic missiles, etc.
For a technological breakthrough requires large cash infusion that from the standpoint of the short term will not pay off. On such investments can countries that are preparing for war for world domination, or for their survival as the 3rd Reich, the USA and the USSR. These three powers made the "jump" and dragged him for a whole population of the earth.
After that breakthrough — the late 30's and early 60's — the majestic powers defected to the strategy of improving the already existing developments. In this barrier buried their all countries "to donors Technology" — Our homeland, the United States, Germany, France, England, inevitably it will rest and industrial powers, which are operating time of the Russian, European and American engineering — China, India, and Iran.
These criteria cycle of "life" of military equipment begins to grow, so planes 30-40-ies of obsolete and were replaced by "first-line" to his successors in 3-5 years, the late 40's — early 50's — for 6-8 years, 50-60s — after 15-20 years, etc.
Aircraft of the 4th generation, which were made for 12-17 years and claimed large real costs to the current time are the basis fleet of combat aircraft and the major powers will be the more than one decade.
"Ceiling" aircraft of the 4th generation insurmountable, given the financial and resource constraints lasting improvement in their main method of substitution of on-board equipment — the technological barrier in electronics though it has seen, but have not yet been reached. Planes 5th generation U.S. F-22 that have adopted, will not change fleet 4th generation, because very expensive and difficult to use. En masse to put them into service — is to "freeze" all the other programs from the military.
A similar situation also exists in other materiel — enough time to look at the development of modern main battle tanks, both in Russia and in the West, on the main types of small tools and more vserasprostranennye artillery systems on warships and missile weapons. The constant modernization maintains long since made products at the current day or requirements.
For example: Russian tank T-90 is an upgrade of Russian T-72 tank produced since 1973, the main tank Bundeswehr Leopard 2 is produced in Germany since 1979. During this time the car has passed six major modernization programs and the currently available in version 2A6. Since 2012, is expected to start mass production of the next version — 2A7 +. U.S. is waging war on the M1A2 Abrams tank modernization of M1 in 1980, and Israel — on the Merkava Mark IV — descendant of the Merkava Mark I in 1978.
In the end, we litsezreem that virtually all types of weapons on the market today — this is the improved development of very distant times. Design an endless debate, who will make better, moved into the plane, who better to upgrade. Thus, the Russian tanks were armed with many states, for example, T-55, offering upgraded to modern tanks Ukrainian, Israeli, Russian company.
Do I need to take the latest technology?
Of course, yes, a fundamentally new system of holding ability, hard to reach the platforms of the past generation, and often do not have predecessors, still being created. They have quite a huge advantage over the upgraded standards.
Besides the lack of serial procurement of weapons and military equipment and degradation threatens the collapse of the military-industrial complex, which can not exist only at the expense of upgrading the previously released models. This would undermine the country's defense, depriving the country of additional revenue from the sale of arms and military equipment over the limit, will make a lot of people with the highest caliber unemployed, the problem of social difficulties. After all, not all the different types of weapons and military equipment such longevity as tanks or military transport aircraft, many systems have to change just because of their physical deterioration.
The main tasks
— Now Russia faces two main tasks in the area of military affairs. In 1-x is the development of military-industrial complex, which should be able to equip the Army, Air Force and Navy modern instrument.
— In-2, actually strengthening the Armed Forces in the face of approaching the Great War. Army, Air Force and Navy needs such standards materiel that will perfectly respond to military threats of national security.
The problem of choice
It is clear that the production purchase samples of new weapons and military equipment can not close all the needs of the sun, for it has neither the means nor have physical abilities — Russian defense industry can no longer produce new weapons of mass (depreciation of the real base, the loss rate — 20 years of collapse and degradation). This applies particularly to high-priced models, such as combat aircraft, air defense systems, etc.
In such criteria modernization of AME past generations really need is a matter of combat effectiveness of our armed forces and means, and the whole of civilization. In the middle of those types of weapons and military equipment, which might last for a modernized form for many years, you can call the front-line aircraft and strategic aircraft, attack helicopters, anti-aircraft missile systems, nuclear missile submarines, and more. more. Thus, the need to upgrade the aircraft more spirited pace — the number of Su-27SM improved in 6 years just passed only over fifty cars, and the MiG-31BM not yet have gained and this number.
Need to follow the example of the United States. States also faced this discrepancy, they are experiencing a serious shortage of new cars (the fighter F-22 is very expensive for a great series, and F-35 still can not go into it), are engaged in aircraft modernization of old times very intense. At the current time are working to reshape the A-10A attack aircraft in all-weather version of A-10C. Improving the park, numbering nearly 200 vehicles, is meant to perform for a little more than 3 years. They modernize and fighter fleet.
Modernization of approximately 10 aircraft per year is unable to meet the needs of Russian Air Force to upgrade technology and threatens severe failure of their fighting abilities lately.
Navy: An even worse situation in the Navy — the modernization of the ships is so expensive (almost always), it is easier (faster) and cheaper to build a ship from scratch. And right at the moment. According to another after the decommissioning of the last Russian ships we will not have the fleet, will be only single copies for exhibitions.
And in the field of shipbuilding is necessary not only massively build ships, and to modernize the fleet. This applies, for example, a submarine strategic focus 667BDRM that in the proc
ess of renovation and modernization of the missile system equipped with "Blue," to the only aircraft carrier "Admiral Kuznetsov" to missile cruisers projects 1144 and 1164: with proper maintenance they can last more 10's years old, received a modern radio-electronic equipment and weapons systems. These giants are still Russian era can become the core of the future of the Russian Navy.
Chance of modernization and a number of other projects, such as large anti-submarine ships Project 1155, which are now almost the most "running" combat units of the surface fleet. Equipping them with modern weapons, including anti-ship missiles, could significantly increase the potential of these ships. Extending the same battery life when using Polga repair markedly reduce the burden on the shipbuilding industry.
Ground forces: On the one hand they are in parts of the AME standards require a substitution and the physical wear and tear, and obsolescence — Russian tanks, infantry fighting vehicles and armored personnel carriers did not always meet modern requirements (especially with respect to security of crews). On the other hand there is no ability to mass substitution of armored vehicles, because the modernization of the existing need, while developing new models.
SRF: synthesis is also observed both approaches as a positive option. Modernization and extension of the Strategic Air multiblock ICBMs such as "Governor" and "Stiletto", while the development of the modern heavy ICBMs, preparing to take on the armament Sea-based ICBM "Bulava" and adopting new "Yarsov."