According to a World Bank report, the air temperature increase of 4 ° C will be felt by every nation, every state, but especially such a test would be difficult for the poorest countries that are most difficult to deal with their own lack of food, sea level rise, cyclones and drought.
The global lender on development now takes a stricter stance on integration of climate change into development programs. According to the head of the World Bank, poverty and not be able to cope if will not take climate change. And it is at this point is one of the only and the enormous challenges of social justice.
International financial organization is very concerned that the development of the world can go on a scenario of climate warming by 4 ° C by 2060, the year. But this scenario is quite plausible, since climate change are already being felt: the Arctic sea ice reached a record low in September, and periods of extreme heat and drought az recent decades have occurred in North America and Russia more than expected.
Soon such extreme weather could become "the new normal", especially if not all countries to fulfill their pledges and commitments in relation to the maintenance of a stable climate and the fight against greenhouse gases. But even in the intact following their promises peace inevitably heats up by more than 3 ° by the year 2100. In Bangladesh and Vietnam, there will be massive flooding and the water level rises by 1 meter. Crop yields and the amount of pure unsalted water fall, causing hunger and poverty.
This would result from a drought that cover the area of the Earth from the Middle East to the United States. In the warmest summer month, July, in the Mediterranean will be 9 ° C warmer than at present, which can be compared with the current temperature in the Libyan desert. The combined impact of these changes may be even more frightening and unpredictable effects conceive to which people may not be able to adapt.
The World Bank intends to continue on the path to support sustainable development, taking into account the climatic changes that recognize 97% of scientists in the world. Even last year, the bank doubled its funding for countries to adapt to these changes, and now manages $ 7.2 billion in climate-related investment funds in 48 countries.
A World Bank study comes as the nearly 200 countries will meet in Doha, Qatar, from 26 November to 7 December, to try to extend the Kyoto Protocol, the existing plan to limit greenhouse gas emissions by developed countries, which runs until the end of the year.
Bank representatives seriously hope that such a tough and realistic report will push society to respond immediately directed to their own salvation, and that the findings of the report will contribute to rapid expansion and signing the second edition of the Kyoto Protocol, the meeting about to be held in Qatar from November 26 to December 7, 2012 year.