According to a secret report of the U.S. Ambassador to Moscow John Beyrle, who published WikiLeaks, the U.S. diplomat was January 28, 2010 interview with the head of Department for External Church Relations of the Moscow Patriarchate (DECR) Metropolitan Hilarion. Based on this conversation, the ambassador made some notes, and together with its conclusions cablegram sent to the U.S..
Beyrle said that the archbishop acknowledged that Russian Orthodox Church (ROC) is looking to expand its presence in the community and supports the current government policy, including the "managed democracy", recognizing the huge gap between the teachings of the church and the daily lives of most Russians.
In his view, the ROC confuses authoritarianism with stability and believes that the Russian people need a strong arm steady leader, there are convinced that Russia will never get the power to be responsible for their policies.
Hilarion told the Ambassador that the ROC increases the number of public statements to their advantage, expanding influence, especially in the field of secular society, such as children's education. He noted that the Church through the Patriarch Cyril can influence major events in Russia, including political. ROC has already played an important role in Russia's relations with other countries.
U.S. ambassador says that the ROC (the "state within a state") is now in Russia more than a political entity, rather than theological and leads his notes regarding the participation of the Russian Orthodox Church in the "church diplomacy" in Ukraine and Georgia, where it strengthens ties with the Orthodox churches.
Byerly also describes the discrepancy statements and actions of the Russian Orthodox Church with respect to other faiths in Russia. He recounts the words of Metropolitan Hilarion, who said that the ROC does not want any discrimination, but "the difference between traditional and non-traditional religions rooted in our distant past." But, he added, Metropolitan, "some sections" within the Russian Orthodox Church can express more intolerant views and there is a limit beyond which church leaders can not prevent them.
As for the interference of the Church in the administration of the state, the Metropolitan Hilarion said U.S. diplomat that the main role of the Russian Orthodox Church sees the promotion of official government policy.
In addition, the thesis of "managed democracy" is very close to the ROC, and enjoy it. DECR head said that "our democracy should not copy the U.S.", and taking into account the culture and history of Russia, it is rather to be a form of "managed democracy."
U.S. Ambassador to Moscow explains his leadership, in this case, the ROC almost quotes plan "United Russia", and Metropolitan Hilarion confuses authoritarianism with stability, noting that "the Russian always like to have a stable and strong figure at the top." The head of the DECR MP criticizes experiments with democracy mid-90s, called the 1996 elections a "disaster" in which the country was paralyzed by an unattractive choice between Yeltsin and Zyuganov and Zhirinovsky.
As to whether Russia could seek in the future to such an order, where people make their own government to be responsible for the policy, Metropolitan Hilarion said that it is "theoretically possible, but in practice it never works," translates dispatch of U.S. ambassador "Russian Reporter".
According to Beyrle, the ROC has achieved a lot in the field of social and political leadership, but the lack of influence on the daily lives of most people has led to a skewed towards the role of the Russian Orthodox Church in the political.
"We have to overcome cultural and psychological barriers that separate the religious and social life in Russia," — he quotes the words of Metropolitan, who believes that the best form for this purpose is education.
Strong growth of the Russian Orthodox Church and the open admission that they are going to get into all aspects of Russian society — the facts, they can not alarming, says the Ambassador of the outcome of its discussions with the Metropolitan of Volokolamsk. But the Russian people experienced after decades of moral bankruptcy to the socialist period, and after the disastrous post-Soviet change the feeling that they are surrounded by empty values and cynicism, which led them to the appropriate spiritual hunger, examines John Beyrle.
He concludes that if the ROC seeks to fill this void, the U.S. should be prepared not to close one's eyes and make it clear that Christian values should apply to non-Orthodox believers.
In connection with the publication of these documents on WikiLeaks is worth recalling that the site previously secret report released last U.S. Ambassador to Russia William Burns, who he sent to the United States following his meeting with the current Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia, and the then Metropolitan of Smolensk and Kaliningrad Kirill. This meeting was held in April 2008 and discussed her issues between Ukraine and NATO, and the recognition of Kosovo and the prospects of President Medvedev.
Then Cyril said of the NATO ambitions of Kiev, Ukraine is "not ready", membership in the alliance could split the country's population and cause turmoil in Eastern Europe. Kirill also criticized the decision to recognize the independence of Kosovo.
Ambassador Burns wrote, during that meeting, Metropolitan Kirill was concerned, as usual, the fact that in his view, the West is too much focus on the individual and emphasized the need to harmonize the traditional human rights with "morality and ethics."
According to Metropolitan Kirill, economic progress in Russia was a double edged sword come, growing prosperity, but along with it the Russians "have lost something." However, he showed optimism about the prospects for Russia at Dmitry Medvedev, noting that the deep poverty in the country will be one of the major challenges to be faced by the new president.
But poverty, Metropolitan Kirill said then, is the result and side effect of corruption and bureaucracy, which in turn is a "stumbling block" in the development of Russia.