Before starting the Second World War, it was decided to strengthen the anti-tank defenses using anti-tank rifles, but an old Mauser for these purposes are not fit enough. In-1's, she changed armor, in-2, the requirements for anti-tank guns also changed, at least in Germany and, as time has shown, is not changed in the best way, but let's not get ahead of ourselves. In general, by 1937 had developed the main features that should have been under the new approach tool. And already in 1938, was presented to the standard, which next was adopted. Made this reference tool designer Brower, which worked for a time in the company Gustloff Werke, located in the town of Suhl. Standard came back the same single-shot, but with all this he differed much the highest rate of fire, which was demonstrated in tests of this standard, which was given the name Panzerbuchse PzB 38 or just 38.
If we talk about the design tool, it was a powerful single-shot anti-tank gun with automatic reloading mechanism. Simply put, when firing the shutter opens and the cartridge cases ejected automatically, but stick a new cartridge and close the shutter is required manually. Automatic weapons were built in such a Makarov, so it may very well be to reduce the effect of recoil when firing, increased as a practical rate of fire was a matter of a second, although he was given a lot of attention. Automation tools built on the circuit with a longish recoil when using the recoil. In other words, the shot barrel and slide have been linked together, the bore of course was locked at the time of firing the powder gases and pushed the shutter and trunk, that led to their joint motion reversed. The way to the barrel and slide are rolled back together, after which the barrel is unlocked, the gate is fixed, and the trunk, under the influence of revertible spring, "leaves" forward, releasing the spent case from the chamber. After that handles need to invest a new cartridge and lock the barrel, you can manually back. Despite the fact that half of the operations had to do by hand, increased rate of fire guns to 12 rounds per minute, the great value in this was the fact that on both sides there were mounting guns which were installed placed in boxes with their ammunition, so everything was under hand in hand.
Can not be silent about the fact that the weapons were used a lot of very exciting technical solutions that positively affected the weight and dimensions of guns, have also reduced the price of production. First, it should be noted a lot of stamped parts, and in fact the court was in 1938. But, in my opinion, the most important feature of the tool that makes this model unusual is that revertible spring barrel, through which softened and recoil when shooting, housed in a folding stock guns, more precisely in the tube stock. Naturally, the solution does not seem quite ordinary, but on the condition that was used quite powerful ammunition and barrel PTR had a decent weight, it worked perfectly. Well, the stock unfolded fixed quite firmly. In general, the idea is original and quite exciting, I, for one, found the long-revertible spring barrel until vyznat, where it was placed. But while the tear off from the gun, and in it there is still quite exciting moments, and switch to the cartridge, which was used in the PTR Panzerbuchse 38, much less that the ammunition is even more exciting tools.
Panzerbuchse 38 anti-tank rifle cartridges used with the metric designation 7.62 X95 better known under the name of Patrone 318. Yes, yes, the gun was 7.62 mm, but do not let it fool you, so that … such a small caliber bullet iskhitryalas penetrate 30 mm of armor from a distance of 10 meters and 25 mm with a distance of 300 meters. How can it be at the first look on this round, but rather on his giant pocket, compared with a bullet. Powder charge cartridges clocked bullet caliber 7.62 mm up to speeds above 1200 meters per second, these armor-piercing capability bullet obtained by using a core of tungsten alloy. Chuck served as the basis for the previous version of the "anti-tank" cartridge, which was used in an anti- gun Mauser. Pereobzhali sleeve under the lowest caliber, which allowed to disperse large for such a light bullet shell powder charge of methane to high speeds at the time.
1st option holder, of course, was not just a piercing and piercing, and the metal shell, the movement is on the rifled barrel was perhaps due to the fact that the bullet had a diameter equal to the rifling in the barrel, and the rotational motion was provided due to the copper girdle around the bullet . The bullet in this embodiment, the cartridge having a weight of 14.6 grams, with all the weight of the powder charge was even more than in an old version of the cartridge at 13 mm and was 14.9 g. Catchy and also the fact that when using this light bullets could easily shoot in a straight line at a distance of up to 400 meters. In fact the option holder was much much options with bullet shells, cores, and the forms were almost endless, with all this, many of them were even in the series. But the armor-piercing bullet, it is armor-piercing, special enthusiasm it is not, but the more notable options make out. So, besides ammunition designed to pierce armor technology, there were options with bullets, which even contained irritants. In fact, the design of these bullets were similar tracer ammunition, in other words, the back of the bullet was pressed in a substance which determines the effect of a bullet. By the way, tracer bullets were also. But the principle was somewhat different if in tracer bullets. The essence is that the pool had two offices, in what had been pressed into chemical substances that when mixed start to secrete mucous membrane irritant gas. Despite the rather fascinating idea of placing an irritant in the pool with a rela
tively small size and even more successful tests of this weapon, distribution such holder has not received. Prerequisites are embedded in a small period of storage of ammunition, a small number of irritants, and in frequent occasions when the whole thing mixed up shot or a mixing happened when a bullet destroyed. I remember the words of the famous film "Pomegranates: anti-shrapnel. Misfire, approximately 50 to 50 … "But if you look on the whole, few of these bullets to penetrate the armor and get inside armored vehicles had to force the crew to jump into the air one after the other, well, there are guns and could say a few words, so thought that was quite good. Do not think about what I admire Nazi Germany, it is only an instrument of admiration, and it is, as you know, has no personal views on which side to wage war. The only negative, and the most basic quality of this weapon was that it was a dead end, in other words to develop it was just nowhere to go, resulting in the next to move to other ammunition for anti-tank guns. Let's go back to the anti-tank rifle Panzerbuchse 38.
Despite the fact that the gun was pretty huge weight — more than 16 pounds unloaded, it was quite comfortable to use. Carrying guns in the center of mass placed handle, the controls have been placed in such a Makarov, that the shooter committed a minimum of movements in the charge. On the left side above the trigger switch fuse housed, in addition, the safety of the appeal with the gun was provided as automatic safety which was a button (pedal?) from the back of the handle. Quite a large size gun (1616 mm) offset by the possibility of the stock shape, of course, that the stock folded firing was unrealistic, if only because of the fact that in the butt placed revertible spring barrel. The trunk also has a length of 1260 mm. On the trunk there was a flash suppressor, muzzle brake, recoil compensator designers tool, not bestowed.
If you read the whole gun came out good, but it was only good on paper and in immaculate criteria. As a matter of hurt scale production and field testing criteria got out a thousand problems. First, there was a question about the lack of reliability Panzerbuchse 38 anti-tank rifle in the criteria battle because of its strong susceptibility to contamination. Frequent failures guns nullified all its positive features, with many of the failures could be solved only kick that was not always likely to make. In addition, when it was considered, at what cost one unit of anti-tank rifle to manufacture, have concluded that tool so obviously not worth it. The fact is that, despite the huge amount of conventional and cheapest kind in the production of parts, Panzerbuchse 38 anti-tank gun had a lot of pretty complex in the production of parts, which negated any savings and low cost. In addition to the rest of the practical rate of fire of many did not work, and was demanded to add to the arms supply stores. This demand was immediately granted in the form of a drum store, because there is nothing complicated about it was not, but this upgrade adds even more problems antitank rifle. Despite all these shortcomings, the instrument all the same went into series development and specifically to him Germany started World War II. Naturally, the creation of this standard did not last long, and soon, it changed the standard of the other more advanced anti-tank rifle in '39.
Exciting moment in the history of this gun was also the fact that he even tried to use as anti-aircraft gun, which naturally did not gave any result. Many of the anti-tank guns Panzerbuchse 38 is also installed on the machine, which in my opinion was just outrage, because the returns have guns was much less than if the same in the previous Mauser, and the machine gun was losing mobility, so that the standard bipod, which is equipped with ATR was quite enough.
Despite the fact that the age of 38 Panzerbuchse was short-lived, one can not deny the fact that its own contribution to the development of instruments of this standard has brought significant. Quite the original placement of the gun, exciting scheme of automation, improvement options for reducing the recoil of the weapon, ammunition, in the end, all of this has been applied in other swatches, so that even if a batch creation PTR Panzerbuchse 38 does not matter, read that gun was not worthless. In all there were 1,600 units of this gun and it is shared with those produced for testing.
I do not know who, but I like the standards more exciting, because in them, as well as swatches of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, you can find a lot of unique thoughts and solutions that can meet later in other swatches already received wide distribution. All the same it is not the voice of, and the Germans economic people, almost all of that has been realized with the machine in the next, has been applied. So all the costs of development and production is more than compensated for in other swatches guns, even without considering the role of these 1,600 guns in combat. In the end, this model has shown that the specific need for the creation of an efficient and comfortable anti-tank guns, revealed major negative properties of this class of instruments in general, which was taken into account in the following models of anti-tank guns.