Amur ornithologists faced with a mystery

The fact that the number of birds listed in the Red Book, began to increase dramatically, but ordinary birds — nightingales, thrushes and buntings — on the contrary, was less.
The little gray-headed Bunting — busy day. The bird is a full examination. First — a few pictures from different angles. They then determine the weight, look how thick plumage, measured wing span. He just something 45 millimeters, feet — quite tiny. But even at this size there my ring.
"The ring is in order so that we can then track the movement of birds. Such rings are given in Moscow, we are all different sizes, there are large and small," — says ornithologist Friedrich Eydam.
Biology students from Germany come to Muravyevsky National Park specifically to study the small songbirds. They are not the Red, but, nevertheless, very important for the conservation area — control the number of insects. Young German scientists in helping experienced Russian colleagues. Ornithologists have made this more hundreds of these birds, and they came to the conclusion that they are becoming less and less.
"Small these birds — they issue a lot of them are now dying in China. They closed hunting waterfowl, but there is flourishing production of small birds in order to pin them on the wall as a beautiful carcass or to eat. When their basket — even small birds are a good breakfast, "- said the president of the park Muraviovka sustainable nature Sergei Smirenskaya.
But the inhabitants of the Red Park — Japanese and daurskie cranes, storks — on the contrary, very well experienced this year. The summer was wet enough, bypassed park and large wildfires.
Japanese ornithologist Tomaki Kitagawa arrived here in April. All this time he was watching birds. Tomaki — a former biology teacher, at one time so engrossed cranes that left school and seriously engaged in scientific work. Now trying to figure out why the Japanese crane before a long flight it was fed in the Amur region, because before they flew just to the north of Japan. In the southern part of the reserve scientist managed to count a few dozen pairs. And in each nest — the cranes found two chicks, while the storks at all at 4-5. It is said, a very good indicator. So, birds — no worries and is enough food.
"This year is three nesting pairs of Japanese cranes, 13 pairs of white-naped and 11 pairs of storks. For me it is a great joy and surprise, they are so densely settled in the area," — says ornithologist Tomaki Kitagawa.
Every day in these protected areas hundreds of birds arrive from the north. Here they will feed for the future. Then a flock of birds flock for the winter in warmer climates. Therefore, ornithologists Muraviovka Park — now the busy season. Collected scientific data to help understand how to save rare birds.

 

Irina Chuchuy
Of information programs
Correspondent

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