Another Babylonian ziggurat, which became a symbol of the Soviet

In the left corner of the symbol of the socialist era — VE Tatlin Tower

400-meter tower, a monument to the October Revolution, was conceived as a symbol of the reunification of mankind, the split in the construction of the Tower of Babel. It was to be a bridge between heaven and earth, the architectural embodiment of the world tree, and housing wise. Iron grandiose monument was designed for the higher world of the worker-peasant government (Comintern), which offers accommodation in this seven-rotating structure. A special system of projectors would have to design a light text on a cloud.

The layout of the tower was first shown at the VIII Congress of Soviets in 1919 in the House of Soviets. Construction of the tower was planned to be carried out in Petrograd.

Tower of Babel

However Tatlin Tower and was destined to remain a project. In the early 1930's to replace the generated revolution gradually came constructivism style, later called "stallinskim classicism." In 1931, New York was built the Empire State Building, 390 m altitude, Stalin immediately decided to catch up with and surpass the Americans. A competition for the design of the Palace of Soviets. This contest is predetermined the fate of the Moscow Cathedral of Christ the Savior, the site of which were erected colossal construction. December 5, 1931 the temple was blown up.

Tatlin's tower layout

The winning Boris Iofan (1891-1976). The approved project in 1934, the Palace of the Soviets was to be a 420-meter, multi-tiered tower weight of 2 million tons and a total of 7 million m3, which is approximately equal to the sum of volumes of six New York skyscrapers. The building is crowned by a 80-meter statue of Lenin.

But in the approved project of the Palace of the Soviets clearly visible features tatlinskoy tower.
Project Iofan also not materialize. Before the start of the war had to build only the foundation and framework for which even produced a special type of steel "DS". But with the beginning of the fighting part of the reinforced concrete slabs went to the construction of fortifications, and metal structures — the needs of the railways. After the war, construction has not resumed, although work on the project is formally continued until the end of the 1950s.

As planned by the Tatlin Tower of Babel was a type that can be called a symbol of human pride and apostasy. Just say: it was a true symbol of the era.


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