We have heard that human possibilities are endless. That in an emergency, or after the self-hypnosis a person can, it seems, to make the "impossible". But we forget that in every human being (in me, in you, in all the people that are around us) there is a huge back-up possibilities that we never use. If we believe in ourselves and start no matter what move forward, we will achieve that, which is not even dreamed of.
What is the maximum distance a person is able to run continuously? Record in this area belongs to the Indians — members of the tribe of Tarahumara. "Fast Foot" — translated as the name of the tribe inhabiting the Western Sierra Madre in Mexico. In the book, George Shanin "From the Greeks to the present day" (Wiley, 1975) described a case where one of nineteen Tarahumara for 70 h underwent sorokapyatikilogrammovuyu parcel at a distance of 120 km. His kinsman, carrying an important letter, five days covered a distance of 600 km. Well-trained messenger can run for 12 hours, at least a hundred miles away and can run at a pace four and even six days.
But the American Stan cotrel for 24 hours without rest ran 276 km 600 m
In the 70-ies. 19 Swiss physician Felix Schenk has put on himself such an experiment. He had not slept for three days straight. During the day, constantly walking around and doing gymnastics. Two nights he made the 30-kilometer walk transitions with an average speed of 4 km / h, and one night 200 times raised above the head stone weighing 46 kg. As a result, in spite of a normal diet, he has lost weight 2 kg. The results of this experiment were presented to them in 1874 in his study on the impact of the breakdown of muscle protein.
Our contemporary EM Yashin chose to conduct similar experiments each morning in the form of continuous intensive physical exercises to the limit — the original 25-minute superaerobika. To it is added to the Sunday run at 20 — 40 km, one meal (vegetarian), 4 — 5 hours of sleep. Yashin body weight at 178-cm rise of '67 pulse at rest immediately after waking up — 36 beats per minute. Well, what the power of skiers? In 1980, Finnish athlete Hatti Nevala was able to run for a day skiing distance of 280 km of 900 m, and its compatriot Onni Savi holds the record for non-stop movement on skis for 48 hours in 1966, he was in this time 305, 9 km.
More than two centuries ago in Holland was born konkobezhny marathon. In general in this country, according to local residents, children first begin to skate, and then walk. Marathon participants overcome skating nonstop 200 km. In 1985, a record in the form of a contest set a 49-year-old Dutchman Jaan Kruytof — 6 hours 5 minutes 17 seconds. Interestingly, in 1983, the marathon run on the frozen lake Memfremagon from the U.S. to Canada 200-kilometer course successfully ran a veteran of the sport semidesyatishestiletny A. Devries.
Swim-trained person can last as long as the run. For example, sorokatrehletny Argentine Antonio Albertino swam the English Channel in both directions without stopping. Overcoming strong currents, he actually made the journey of about 150 kilometers (35 miles wide Strait) and continuously been in the water 43 hours 4 min.
However, this distance was not the greatest for the swimmers. 67-year-old Walter Barge of the United States managed to swim 167 miles from Havana to Florida, and his compatriot New York cop Ben Haggard resigned even 221 km — the distance between the United States and the Bahamas. The record for distance swim in the ocean belongs to an American, Stella Taylor — 321 km!
There are also examples of the kind of funny sverhvynoslivosti person. In 1951, one enthusiast was able to pass for 4 hours non-stop 25 km napred … backwards! And in the contest talkers someone Shikhin originally from Ireland did not close his mouth as much as 133 parts
In our country in 1980 during the World Olympiad Yuri Shumitsky completed the journey on foot along the route Vladivostok — Moskva.V year he walked 12 kilometers. But AR Ivanenko, who at age 30 was an invalid, was able to run in '64 for a year away from Leningrad to Magadan length of 11783 km!
In 1986, forty years of French physician Jean-Louis Etienne skiing in less than 2 months alone covered a distance of 1,200 km from the coast of Canada to the North Pole. On his way intrepid travelers had to overcome and broken from the collision with the shore ice with a mass of crevices, and 52-degree cold, and, finally, a sense of utter loneliness. Twice he fell into the icy water, lost 8 kg in weight, but achieved his goal.
A case where the rickshaw drove jogging man vesivshego 54 kg, 14, 5 hours from Tokyo to Nikko town, located in the mountains about 100 km from the Japanese capital.
Finally we should mention a special kind of triathlon, known as the "Iron Man". The next such super tournament was held at the Hawaiian Islands. The first stage — swimming. Distance 4 km along the river Waikiki consists of two parts: 2 km — the river, the second half — against. Got out of the water — and right in the bicycle saddle. 180 km in the tropical heat — no laughing matter, but there is still a third phase — running on the classic marathon distance of 42 km 195 m is interesting that the winners of this unusual triathlon manage to overcome the grueling track for 9 hours
The literature often reminisce about the best runner of the ancient Greek troops Filippide that ran in 490 BC distance from Marathon to Athens (42 km 195 m) to inform about the victory of the Greeks over the Persians, and then died. According to other sources before the battle Filippid "ran" through a mountain pass to Sparta to enlist the help of the Allies, and ran with it for two days, more than 200 km. When you consider that after such a "jog" the messenger took part in the famous battle on the plain of Marathon, the stamina of the man can only wonder. Here are a few interesting examples that demonstrate the reserves of the huge transformation of the person using the jogging of a seriously ill in marathon runners.
Nikolay Zolotov. Born in 1894 In 1945, he retired, suffering from heart failure, severe contusion of the spine and many other serious illnesses. But gold is thought to live out their days sitting on the bench — it's not for him, and began to "re-establish itself." Overcoming a sharp pain in the spine, it is instead of two or three jumps on bad bendable legs through systematic training learned to do without any tension on each foot by 5 thousand jumps. Then he began to run regularly, participated in many competitions, crosses, races, including the marathon. In the traditional run around the track Pushkin — Leningrad in 1978, he won his fifth gold medal.
47-year-old longshoreman from Petropavlovsk-on-Kamchatka Valentin Clicks 5 years after myocardial infarction and the associated two-month hospitalization ran for International Peace Marathon in Moscow marathon in 2 hours 54 minutes.
In 1983, the race was held in Odessa on 100 km. The winner was a biology teacher and singing of Terskol Vitaly Kovel, who has overcome that distance in 6 hours, 26 minutes and 26 seconds. In the race there were other winners, who had gained the victory over ourselves: J. Berlin, A. Sotnikov, I. Makarov … They had to run continuously 10 — 15 hours, but that was already at the age of 60! In two last angina and excess weight from 13 to 20 kg.
In another 100-kilometer race in the past suffered from angina and a whole bunch of vascular disease and gastro-intestinal tract pyatidesyatipyatiletny A. Bandrovsky from Kaluga ran that distance in 12.5 hours Only 10 hours 5 minutes it took sixty-year N. Golshevu of Ulyanovsk to overcome the 100-km distance in a continuous run, but you know in the past he was suffering from osteochondrosis with a sharp violation of the mobility of the joints. In addition to jogging, to get rid of this disease Golshevu helped volitional exercise in breath-hold, the transition to a vegetarian diet and hardening of the body brought to the "winter swimming".
In 1973. Hawaii was organized by a kind of race to a marathon. Its members were only persons who have suffered a myocardial infarction break. However, during the race, there was not a single accident.
Marathon man is able to run both in childhood and in old age. For example, a certain Paul Wesley in 7 years ran the marathon in 4 hours, 4 minutes, and within two years improved the result for an hour. GV Tchaikovsky in the day of his 70th birthday spent marathon run 3 hours 12 minutes and 40 seconds. Same age without time record belongs to the Greek Dimitar Iordanis. In the 98 years he ran a marathon in 7 hours and 40 minutes.
The once-famous British athlete Joe Deakin, whose journalists have long dubbed the "grandfather of race" in his 90-plus years, every Sunday run about 7 km.
Even more amazing athletic longevity American Larry Lewis. In its 102 years, he ran 10 miles every morning. A distance of 100 yards (91 m) Larry Lewis overcame for 17.3 s (0.5 s faster than in 101 years).
Some amateurs do not interfere with marathon running even serious injury. For example, American runner Dick Traum continued to participate in the marathon competition after surgeons amputated his leg injured in a car crash, above the knee. He then ran to the prosthesis. 42-year-old Werner Rahter from Germany, being totally blind, has shown a marathon is an excellent time — 2 h 36 min 15 s.