All foreign military writers, historians and journalists, fiercely critical of the Russian Imperial Army, always had a tribute to the art of war, which the Russian army possessed in perfection. This is the art of bayonet fighting, it our forefathers had no equal. This glorious military tradition is reflected in the label's famous aphorism, the leader of the AV Suvorov's "Bullet — a fool, the bayonet — well done", which justifies the importance was given to bayonet fighting in the ranks of the army of the Russian Empire.
Bayonet — a symbiosis of strength, ability, fencing, martial arts, and the will to win. Recognizable honorable, military teacher and theorist, MI Dragomirow so characterizes this military technique: "How would any gun at all, even on the 50 steps blunder likely than a bayonet on a step and a half, and at least for the latter to act even more courage, self-sacrifice, a sense of friendship than to fire more than meets the instinct of self-preservation. Shooting asks rest, hit with a bayonet — to move forward, which in itself expresses the feeling of our advantages over the enemy. Skirmish you can spend hours and did not reach, the bayonet at once leads to the rear of the enemy. " And even after the time bayonet in our country pays tribute to the attention of management training because a similar bout gives the personnel of the special physical, mental, technical skills and instilling the will to win, and the emergence of a bayonet in 1950 on the famous Kalashnikov assault rifle says it all.
Bayonet as a weapon for the first time appeared in the North of Spain during the second half of the XVI century, wore the title Bagineti and was used for hunting. In the battle-Bagineti bayonets were used in the years 1640-1641 in the French town of Bayonne, hence the title.
With the emergence of small weapons and combat training has changed armies to replace the spikes and spears, and just came Bagineti infantry and not long guns in the cavalry. Ranged weapon attacks cause damage to tangible only in the mass shooting at a small distance, and at the approach of the course were started Bagineti and sword. New features of warfare with the introduction of small weapons sought by a special fighter agility and ability ownership of fencing and martial arts. Purely bayonet the fight was only effective when the unit could hold the line if system violated in the course were of old skills and techniques. In this battle, the Russian soldiers, who held the classical techniques of cane and fist fights were decided advantage.
Specifically, such a skilful combination of military innovation, personal excellence fighter and fortitude brought many victories of the Russian army.
So for example under Peter I in the war with the Swedes successful use melee bayonet attack brought the victory of the Russian Federation in the famous Battle of Poltava in the battle of the Forest. When the last man Suvorov battle way from the very bottom to the very top and the very perfectly owning all the basics of military science, the art of bayonet fighting has been raised to its highest altitude for foreign armies.
Suvorov's attitude to-hand combat expressed winged words: "… Columns, bayonets, cool tool, attack, stroke, … here are my reconnaissance. " In Italy, it gives Bagration subsequent admonition: "You sacrament pobieniya cool tool Belgardovym enemy troops discover, and to this victorious attack diligently to right, and from retirad Wean."
Distinguished Battle of Borodino substantiated worldwide importance of the Russian bayonet, fortitude and will to win the Russian fighter. Bayonet in the Battle of Borodino played the same crucial role as a tank at Kursk.
With the upcoming development of small guns, with the emergence of machine guns, Mosin rifle, pistol Smith and Wesson, martial-bayonet was replaced by the short-range firing or combined with it. Yet bayonet attack and melee were burning in the infantry for a long time and have brought many victories in all these wars.
Used bayonet and in the Russian-Japanese war of 1904-1905. and in civilian war in the Soviet-Finnish in the fierce cold, when tool refuses to shoot. During the Russian war majestically special love bayonet used in the penalty box and intelligence, and of a combined arms melee in the words of the shortcomings of ammunition ability to Use a bayonet repeatedly rescued the Russian fighter.
And even today, when the small instrument is becoming more sophisticated all-new model of automatic weapons, ranging from AK-74 and ending with the IRS on the trunk are special tabs for attaching bayonet.
Bayonet asks indescribable strength of spirit, strength, and Prof. abilities. Russian warriors historically deservedly among the best in bayonet fighting. Means at their best was not only the training, and the will to win the heroism and self-sacrifice and of their own comrades, and for their country.