In the last two decades, we ignored impassioned pleas of scientists realize that continuous burning of fossil fuels is harmful to the earth. Now we will have to pay a heavy price for our mistakes.
If readers were yesterday in the satellite flying over America, they would have seen some truly amazing, even the sight. Much of North America was closed sprawling two thousand miles — from Texas to Maine — by storm, dropped from heaven to earth a lot of snow. In between the howling wind and snow squalls, meteorologists have described the storm as "probably the worst ever happened in Chicago," and reported that the Lake Michigan waves reach a height of 8 meters.
Meanwhile, the vast cyclone Yasi came ashore in Queensland in Australia. Although the storm was in the low tide, the country's weather service warned that "its impact is likely to be more dangerous to humans than any of the storms experienced over the last 3-4 decades." Especially given the fact that it rains now will fall to the ground, have flooded the previous storms.
Year has just begun, and again such disasters? Well, welcome to sample our planet in 2011, which, like a naughty teenager, decided to check the line. For two centuries we fearlessly burning coal, oil and gas, releasing carbon into the atmosphere, for two decades, we have ignored the increasingly hot requests by scholars to draw attention to the situation. And last year, nature decided to turn to us some other place. So everything is just beginning!
Of course there were before storms, storm surges and cyclones — our planet has always been ready to treat us to extraordinary events. But, by definition, extraordinary events must occur rarely, and then suddenly they were infrequent. In 2010, nineteen countries have set new all-time temperature records (which is a record in itself), and, when in the beginning of June, the temperature reached 53.3 degrees Celsius on the land along the Indus, the entire continent of Asia broke previous temperature records. Russia on fire, Pakistan drowned. Munich Re, the biggest insurance company in the land, last month summed up terrible year such clinical phrase: "the high number of weather-related natural catastrophes and record temperatures, as recorded in the world, and in some regions, points to the coming future climate change on the planet."
No need to be a PhD to understand what is happening. The carbon which we poured into the atmosphere now holds more solar heat around the planet. And this additional energy appears thousand ways — from melting ice to monstrous storms. Since warm air can hold more water vapor than cold air, it is not surprising that the atmosphere was a 4% rawer than 40 years ago. This "4-percent additional moisture activates the storms, it provides a whole cloud of moisture for these storms," — said Kevin Trenberth, head of climate analysis section at the National Center for Atmospheric Research of the U.S. government (NCAR). That is, someone lays a glass bones by record rainfall, snow, and other cataclysms on Earth shakes and throws. That is, the day before the bones fell to the Midwest in the United States and in Queensland. A year has just begun …
The meaning of the above is simple: the laws of chemistry and physics really work. We do not just live in a certain neighborhood, or in a free-market democracy, we live on the land, which has its own, specific rules. Physics and chemistry do not care what he thinks Vladimir Putin, they do not touch the question of re-election of Barack Obama. Unfortunately, they do not even care about the price of gasoline and bread in Egypt. More carbon (more precisely, carbon dioxide) means that the temperature of the Earth will rise again, which means new troubles for humans — and these troubles have just begun.
So far, we have raised the temperature of the planet to the degree, which has been enough to melt the Arctic. Consensus prediction for this century says that without decisive action to end the use of fossil fuels — which should make it much faster than it is comfortable with the political or economic point of view — we will see in the twenty-first century, the average temperature will rise by five degrees. Based on the information that one degree can melt the Arctic, whether we should consider ourselves lucky creepy?
George D. Fedoseyev journalist BCM.ru