"For the stuffing — a completely new aircraft"A new modification of the IL-76 aircraft had changed beyond recognition. But within
Technology glass cockpit and digital boards, new wings, strengthened landing gear — it is not a complete list of the changes that have been well-known and legendary IL-76. His new and radically redesigned modification MD-90A assigned to the factory for testing. The main customer will be updated liner Ministry of Defence.
Serial production of IL-76-MD-90A due to start in 2014 at Ulyanovsk plant "Aviastar-SP", which is part of state-owned United Aircraft Corporation (UAC).
"Today is a historic milestone in the development of the plant. IL-76-MD-90A — the future "Aviastar". To the families of aircraft that were previously produced by the plant, it is the Tu-204 and An-124, Il-76 is connected, "- said General Director Sergey Dementiev.
"Externally, IL is similar to its predecessor, but by stuffing a whole new plane. Increased capacity, take-off weight. Installed modern flight navigation system. For the first time on this type of aircraft is implemented technology glass cockpit and digital boards. The new structure will allow aircraft to operate the equipment in the world and will not only conform to the applicable requirements of ICAO, Eurocontrol, but also the future requirements ", — said the chief designer of" IL "Andrew Yurasov, the press service of the plant.
Modernization of aircraft, providing the installation of modern engines fourth-generation PS-90A-76, aircraft control systems, the new wing and reinforced chassis significantly expands the operational capabilities of the Il-76MD-90A and increases the accuracy of aircraft navigation and landing. The maximum load is increased from 47 to 52 tons, maximum take-off weight of the aircraft — from 190 to 210 tons, range — up to 5,000 km.
"We have the opportunity for operators overhauled aircraft to another, and their modernization, change the old drive to the new staff"
Engine installation of the fourth generation to reduce fuel consumption by 12% and increase the range by 18%, reduce direct operating costs. It also allows the aircraft to take off and land on high ground and in high temperatures. Noise and emissions powerplant now complies with ICAO.
Significantly upgraded cabin crew and flight control and navigation system. Thus, in the cockpit multifunction now identified eight LCDs and three intelligent remote control. Glazed cockpit provides a good overview with jobs pilots and co-driver.
The IL-76MD-90 is a digital flight control and navigation system "Dome-III-76M", which provides the solution of various problems of piloting. In particular, it is designed to work with databases and navigational data, including the global database: the preparation of a flight plan, en-route, while maneuvering in the terminal area and approach.
Why do we need modernization
The strategic decision to hold a deep modernization of the Il-76, one of the most successful and popular aircraft in the history of international commercial aviation, was adopted in 2007, the construction of the aircraft took 24 months.
"IL-76 — is the foundation of Russian fleet of transport aircraft, both civilian and military. These aircraft in service a lot as they are armed with the Russian Air Force and used by airlines. IL-76, for example, the airline operates a "Volga-Dnepr", — says the editor of the portal "AVIA.RU site" Roman Gusarov.
"These aircraft have proved their high efficiency and reliability, but require upgrading. In the first place it was necessary to install a new power plant, more modern, economical and reliable. The new engine solves the issue of complying with ICAO aircraft and the European Union, and IL-76 will now be able to fly without restrictions ", — the expert adds.
"In Russia, many operated by IL-76. With the upgraded version for operators the opportunity for planned overhaul of aircraft and conduct more of their modernization. Old full-time engine (D-30KP2), which is no longer available, will change to the new (modern PS-90A-76), will be a new avionics, etc. This will not only give new aircraft quality, but also extend its life cycle, probably for decades, "- says the Hussars, adding that this is the main goal of modernization of IL-76 on" Aviastar-SP ", the plant will be loaded with work.
"Modernization of the IL-76 is needed in order to give the mobility of our armed forces. We're losing her because of aging aircraft and engines develop their resources ", — adds the Roman Gusarov.
The main customer for this aircraft is the Defense Ministry. By 2020, the Russian Air Force plan to replace about 70% of the IL-76 on new and upgraded, which will get more fuel-efficient and less noisy modern engines, said at the beginning of the year, Air Force spokesman Col. Vladimir Drik. By 2020, at the "Aviastar-SP" will be upgraded over hundreds of IL-76, and promised at the same time Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin.
IL-76 was developed in the 60's and 70's of the last century. Then he produced in Uzbekistan — Tashkent on Aviation Production Association. Chkalov. It first flew in May 1973 and immediately rose to the USSR Air Forces.
In 2006, the government decided to postpone the production of IL-76 from Tashkent to Ulyanovsk, as the plant in Uzbekistan had been no industrial or technological capacity to implement the program to modernize the aircraft.
Since adopting and to this day the IL-76 is a major heavy military transport aircraft of Russian Air Force. During the decades of successful operation was built more than 950 aircraft of various modifications of military, civilian and military equipment. It is the Ministry of Defence was the main customer for modernization of IL-76.
IL-76 is also different modifications of the main aircraft military transport aircraft of Ukraine. Also consists of the Air Forces of the CIS countries, Algeria, India, Jordan, Iran, Iraq, China, Libya, North Korea and Syria.
The IL-76 were actively involved in the war in Afghanistan and showed it to be effective. However, military transport aircraft IL-76 with the rare exception of Russia has supplied for export and sold only to its closest allies, says Hussars.
Military actively using IL-76 for training for the landing troops and military
equipment. IL-76 is also widely used for transportation of Emergency rescuers and rescue equipment, medical staff, patients and the wounded, as well as for fighting fires. It is on the Russian IL-76 delivers humanitarian aid to other countries. It is planned that the aircraft will operate flights to airfields in the Arctic zone.