January 7, 2012 7:05
Paracelsus immodestly called himself the "Christ of medicine" and, according to some commentators, it works, invented homeopathy. This philosopher-wanderer cured disease, which gave in to luminaries of medicine. In the words of Herzen, he was "the first professor of chemistry at the creation of the world." A talented physician and alchemist, who conducted the wandering life of the philosopher, was a great mystic.
Full name it sounds like Philip Theophrastus Bombast von Hohenheim Aureol (Philippus Theophrastus Aureolus Bombast von Hohenheim), because, as too high an opinion of his abilities, styles himself Aureolus, which in Latin means "Gold." But the scientist was baptized as Theophrastus Bombast von Hohenheim (Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim). But most of all he was famous for his other nickname Latinized Paracelsus, which means "This Celsius".
Aulus Cornelius Celsus (Aulus Cornelius Celsus) was a famous Roman encyclopedist and author of works on medicine. In another version of Paracelsus no more than the literal Latin tracing his name. Perhaps a future doctor, alchemist, astrologer, mystic, theologian and amateur philosopher born November 10, 1493 in a small village near the town of Einsiedeln (Einsiedeln) in the German-speaking Swiss canton of Schwyz (Schwyz) two hours' walk from Zurich.
By and large, the son of the Swabian physician, naturalist and Alchemist Wilhelm Bombast von Hohenheim was born at the "Devil's Bridge" thrown over the river Sihl (Sihl) near the village of Einsiedeln. They say that when a boy of six sheep, castrated him drunk freelance, with the words: "These monsters should not leave offspring." After the death of his mother, who had led a shelter at the Benedictine abbey, a boy with his father in 1502, moved to the city of Villach in Carinthia, where his father was a medical practice.
Before the 16-year-old boy began to study medicine at the University of Basel, thanks to his father, he got the first glimpse of medicine, mining and alchemy. At the time of European medieval alchemists styled — Scheidekunstler. It was an honorable name for chemists who have mastered the great "art disconnect." Kabbalah, he studied at the famous occultist — Abbot Johannes Trithemius (Iohannes Trithemius).
Then starts the 12-year period of wandering young Theophrastus. About this time of his life came very little reliable information. Some sources claim that Paracelsus traveled not only in Europe, but also traveled to Asia and Africa, and even spent some time in Tatar captivity. Having been in the 1510 title in Vienna Bachelor of Medicine, he is likely after a short stay in Ferrara, visited Sweden and Denmark. Years of Pilgrimage gave him a golden opportunity to communicate with different people: the alchemists and physicians, healers, barbers, Jews and Gypsies. This experience has enriched his valuable information and new knowledge in the field of medicine.
Since about 1516 he began to use his most famous nickname of Paracelsus. Probably in the same year Paracelsus receives a doctorate in medicine. In the years 1524-1525 Paracelsus settled in Salzburg, but his support for the rebels during the Peasants' War in Germany, provoked hatred of Archbishop Matthew Lang von Vellenburga (Matthaus Lang von Wellenburg), and Paracelsus had to flee the city.
In 1526 he was appointed professor in Basel, Paracelsus spoke with renowned humanists of his time: the Dutchman Erasmus, German Wolfgang Lachner (Wolfgang Lachner) and Johann Ekolampadiem (Johannes Oecolampadius). Professor at Basel, Paracelsus was obliged to his friend Erasmus. Despite the aura of Warlock, Paracelsus rejected the autopsy were hanged. In the opinion of the surgeon from God, opening the ability to explore the anatomy of death. The mystery of life can not be understood by studying the location of internal organs in the corpse.
According to some reports, Paracelsus some success treating mercury compounds common while syphilis. Who had behind him fame eminent physician, Paracelsus noteworthy that broke with the old tradition and gave his lectures in German, and not on the common Latin. Bad feelings in their colleagues Paracelsus spawned his antics with the burning of the works of prominent physicians of antiquity — Hippocrates, Galen and Avicenna. Basel doctors immediately called him a charlatan, not able to understand Latin manuscript of ignorance.
At this time, a Canon Cornelius, who was tormented by stomach cramps, any promise to cure him one hundred florins. Paracelsus started litigation with him, when the canon to recover refused to pay such a large sum. At trial, Paracelsus yelling at the referee pettifogger, and the court decided to punish stroptivtsa.
Coincidentally, in 1528, Paracelsus left the Basel and went to the Czech Republic. He goes from Colmar to Nuremberg. This way of life in common with this mystic dervishes East. Of the famous European philosophers who drove a similar wandering life, can be called the Russian-Ukrainian thinker XVIII century Skovoroda. There has been many versions of the premature death of Paracelsus: his allegedly poisoned, dropped on his head a piece of rock, he died as a result of alcohol abuse from liver cancer or drinking heavily down the stairs, and similar rumors.
Forensic study using modern means possible to state, his remains a hundred-fold excess concentration of insoluble mercury. In addition, in the middle ear set traces purulent (mastoiditis Bezold). The most probable hypothesis is considered poisoning death of Paracelsus his mercury. Paracelsus died on September 24, 1541 and was buried in the cemetery of Sebastian in Salzburg. In 1752, his remains were transferred to the Church of St. Sebastian.