January 14, 2012 17:02
Researchers claim that the Newgrange most famous and oldest prehistoric building in Ireland. As a basis for its construction were taken clay, earth, stone and wood. Building was erected in about 3100 BC. This structure includes a long corridor leading to the lateral chamber, used, probably as a tomb.
The most characteristic feature of Newgrange stands strong and accurate enough project, which has helped the structure remain waterproof up to now. The most surprising thing is that the entrance to the tomb is located relative to the sun in such a way that the shortest day of the year at the winter solstice, the sun's rays are sent to the 60-foot pass through a small hole. Exactly covers the floor of the central room of the monument.
Many archaeologists have put forward the theory that the construction of Newgrange was used as a tomb, but for whom and why, to this day remains a mystery. Difficult to determine, and how the design of the ancient builders with such precision, and what role in their mythology took the sun. The exact cause of the construction of Newgrange has not been determined.