Pebble Terrified planet: Tunguska meteorite celebrates one hundred years


June 30, 1908 over central Siberia flying a giant ball-car. If the explosion occurred four hours earlier, would have died in St. Petersburg trajectory of the body ran right over him. Cost, a mysterious object has fallen into the very heart of Siberia — Irkutsk crossing conventional lines-Norilsk, Yakutsk, Novosibirsk. This year, a mysterious phenomenon called the Tunguska meteorite marks centenary birthday and space newcomer to the place of his fall from the expedition sent Akademgorodok.

End of the world at dawn

According to legend the Evenki, at this time came down to earth god of thunder and lightning Agdy as iron bird, spewing streams of fire. The villagers thought that was the end of the world — the flight, followed by a light and sound effects, ended in a powerful explosion, which, according to some estimates, the explosion was equal to 500-2000 atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima.

Everything happened at about seven in the morning. Shock wave, which circled the globe twice, has caused an earthquake, which was noted by seismographs Irkutsk, Tashkent, Tbilisi, Jena. The blast destroyed the taiga to the area about 2 thousand square meters. km, trees felled animals were killed, the leaves and the grass got a yellow color, then they are orange, red, burgundy. Strange things going on for a few days: glowing clouds, white nights, northern lights … The level of radiation, which later led to a variety of mutations.

We do not know, so hit upon

For over one hundred years, interest in the Tunguska phenomenon subsides. There are new theories of the origin of the object in both the scientific and pseudo-scientific in "pop" circles. Public response is basically the second group. Among the rumors and speculation are born at times absurd conclusions, which inflate with great pleasure to sensationalism in the media: find an alien device, analyzed the remains of the pilot, accused meteorite naprorochili global warming and global cooling.

Against the background of these events stimulate the imagination and ordinary citizens. So, in the middle of the XX century American Schumann said that he — the stranger from the constellation Alpha Centauri, and came to Earth crashed spaceship in the Siberian taiga. His performances attract crowds of people, and brought the money, but it soon became clear that Schumann — fraud. In Russia, a Mr. Nikolaev proved that he is a descendant of one of the pilots of the "Tunguska ship," and his father was an alien, who married a woman from the tribe of the Evenki. Showed fragment of the aircraft, which was an aluminum alloy that was used in the aviation industry.

Clairvoyants and psychics, "communicated" with extraterrestrial intelligence, claimed that the explosion in the taiga is nothing like a huge spaceship crash, trying to pierce the time and lost in Chronos. He came from the future into the past and was tragically killed along with all the many crew.

The hero of my novel is not

Often Tunguska with his unwelcome guest became a hero of works of art. Sergei Krivyakov in "Tunguska meteorite as a sociocultural phenomenon," says meteorite "is used in the literature as a symbol, and it is given almost all the features and properties of the author comfortable within that set of stereotypes that are associated in the public mind today with the expression" the Tunguska meteorite . "As an example, he cites five songs and three series, in particular, the" X-Files ", computer games (Siberian Conflict: War of the Worlds, Secret Files: Tunguska) and literary works. Recall a" Monday begins on Saturday "by the Strugatsky brothers where one of the subjects associated with this anomaly.

Locals also add fuel to the fire. They tell stories about the "Devil's graveyard", round glade with no vegetation, which only set foot, once the animals are killed. "All approaches to the bare ground is impossible — there is death" — residents say. Or stories about the "dry river", a furrow, which no one can not find.

Centenary stranger

Population Vanarava, village, located 60 km from the site of a meteorite, do not forget about the famous live-in boyfriend and preparing for the anniversary. Festival of "Tunguska miracle", the site of the alleged fall install a stele in the form of a character Evenk mythology god Agdy in the form of a bird. For tourists build two helipads, and the local museum renovated and enlarged his collection.

In the days of Akademgorodok go to the Tunguska meteorite expedition, which will include scientists in various fields. Purpose — scientific research. The results of this and many other expeditions few pales against general "poppin 'excitement, folk traditions," fireworks ", the festivities in honor of the" stone "of which nothing is known. Indeed, after a hundred years of "spare parts" from him and not found. Scientists continue to put forward new theory (to date, there are four equal) of occurrence. Absolute answer to the question though, "it was" no. Boris Bidyuk, one of the members of the expedition dealing with the research of the Tunguska phenomenon more than 20 years, did not support any of the scientific positions. "I basically said, I do not know what it is. No clear evidence. Intrigue, from our point of view, the group to which I belong, is that a hundred years after the events of the problem almost solved," — says the scientist.

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