March 18, 2012 10:09
Tens of kilometers away from the capital city of India Delhi shot up highly visible red and yellow slim tower Qutub Minar ("Tower of Victory"), built in XII-XIII centuries. in the village of Mehrauli. It consists of five tiers, resembling a telescopic tube. Outside the walls of the tower are decorated with openwork relief inscriptions, carved in red sandstone. Inside the tower — a stone spiral staircase, wide at the bottom and so narrowing in the upper levels, which it can only with difficulty to miss two people.
Those stairs all day moving two opposing flows of people: up and down. People go to the galleries of each level to admire the wide panorama of the river plains of Delhi Dzhumnoy on the horizon. One of the legends tells that the Emperor of India, Prithvi Raj at the end of XII century began the construction of the tower to his daughter could enjoy here every morning the river washing the capital of India.
At the foot of the Qutub Minar are the remains of ancient temples and tombs, and among them, on a stone pedestal, stands a well-known, well-preserved Iron towers seven and a half feet, weighing six and a half tons and an average trunk diameter of 35 cm column
Unique metal pole attracts everyone's attention mainly to the fact that at least fifteen and a half centuries in his dark polished surface does not add any rust spots. Until now, the Iron Column continues to be one of the mysteries of human civilization.
Scientists can not explain how the Indians more than a thousand years ago were able to accomplish the work for which is 150 years ago they would not have any plant in Europe or America. When the iron from which the column was made, it was of such high quality that it does not rust, even in the hot and humid climate of India's iron objects are usually destroyed very quickly. Chemical analysis showed that the iron content of the column is incredibly high — 99.72%. There is an assumption that the column was made of meteoric iron, so it is so well preserved.
The origin of the Iron Column uncertain. Some historians argue that, according to the Sanskrit inscriptions on the pillar she was cast in 895 BC. e. on the orders of Raja Dhavy, the ruler of Delhi. Muslim chroniclers claim that the column was brought from the northern Muslim countries. There are also versions attributing its creation or the emperor Chandragupta II (V c., Detected by the inscription on the column the word "Chandra"), or the Rajput Raja Anangpalu (his name is also on the column).
Renowned Indian scholar and author of many works on the prehistoric metallurgy in India, BV Subbarayarra suggested that the convoy was made in southern India about a thousand years before Christ. Even then, the Indian master grasped the secrets of melting of pure iron, which was valued more than gold and precious stones. Its output bases on Indian scientist found by archaeologists in these parts of metal household items with an iron content of up to 95 percent.
The assumption BV Subbarayarra is the fact that the country has found another metal column larger than the famed Delhi. It also cast from almost pure iron. In addition, metal ceiling beams of old Hindu temples Kanark and Puri in the state of Oris made of 99 per cent iron. But the mystery of the Iron Column, apparently, store already on the line, which fully explain so far.
The iron pillar of the people called "the pillar of happiness", because according to popular belief, welcoming anyone who, with his back to this post, will cover his hands. But too thick famous post …