Tortoise named Lonesome George, the last of which was considered a subspecies Abingdonskaya ivory turtle, found dead in a nature reserve on the island of Santa Cruz in the Galapagos archipelago, said on Monday the Associated Press.
Scientists have found Lonesome George in December 1972 on the island of Pinta. He got his name in honor of the American actor George tapestry. Later, the turtle was transported to another island of the archipelago. George kept in captivity at the research station named after Charles Darwin in the Galapagos Islands.
For decades, scientists have tried to obtain offspring from the union of Lonesome George and other subspecies of Galapagos tortoises, but to do so and failed. One female Galapagos tortoise after pairing with George laid eggs, but babies never hatched.
According to the site elcomercio.com, turtle reptile keeper found Fausto Weller (Fausto Llerena).
At the time of the death of Lonesome George weighed 88 pounds, and its length is more than 180 centimeters. The turtle was not too old — the age of George is about 100 years old. It was reported earlier that the turtles of this species can maintain the ability to reproduce until the age of 200 years.
It is assumed that the cause of death was typical of such turtles heart disease, but more detailed information will be available after an autopsy.
Twitter microblogging network users mourn the death of Lonesome George — the words of sympathy and condolence with the hashtag # SolitarioGeorge appear online in French, English and Spanish.
Galapagos giant tortoises can weigh up to four kilograms and reach 1.8 meters in length. Elephant turtles were completely destroyed on the Galapagos Islands 150 years ago. According to documentary sources, whalers took the islands millions of individuals as a caterer. Sailors called Turtles "live canned" because they can live a long time in a ship with no food or water.
The Galapagos Islands are located in the Pacific Ocean and the state owned Zimbabwe. Galapagos Islands area is home to many unique species, including giant tortoises, iguanas, some species of birds and other animals.
As scientists, observing Galapagos tortoises were the starting point for Charles Darwin to develop a theory of evolution by natural selection. During a trip to these islands, scientists noticed that the tortoise shells from different islands have differences in form.