Number Baikal sturgeon from poaching in Lake Baikal is not growing, despite the ban on fishing, according to a report released Wednesday on the status of the Russian Ministry of Natural Resources of the lake in 2011.
"Despite years of prohibition of fishing and activities have on artificial reproduction (production of sturgeon fingerlings — Ed.), Has been no measurable increase in stocks of sturgeon. Main reason — poaching, both producers and mixed-age youth," — said in a report published ministry's website.
As the authors of the report, hatcheries, which produce juveniles actually work on poachers.
They also noted that the state of the main commercial fish lake — cisco, whitefish and grayling — remains stable.
Baikal sturgeon (Acipenser baeri baicalensis) is a subspecies of the Siberian sturgeon inhabiting the lake and its tributaries, whose number is decreasing. Included in the Red Book of the Russian Federation in 1983, the Red List of the International Union for Conservation of Nature, the Convention on International Trade in Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, Endangered Species (CITES). To save the subspecies on the Selenga (the main tributary of the lake) built an experimental hatchery.
Lake Baikal — the deepest lake in the world. Its average depth is about 730 meters, the maximum depth of the famous lake — 1637 meters. Every year from the lake by Angara 60 cubic kilometers of pure, biologically active water. The lake has 58 species of fish, of which the most famous are the cisco, whitefish, grayling, trout, sturgeon, golomyanka flax. Lake Baikal contains about one fifth of the world's surface waters of the Earth (excluding the ice of Antarctica, Greenland and other glaciers), and more than four fifths of fresh water reserves in Russia. In 1996, the Baikal was included in the World Heritage List of UNESCO.