April 28, 2012 21:10
Legends about dwarfs are very popular in Europe. And around the world. And in Russia? It turns out that on our area there was a place underground baby. For example, in Siberia. Or, in the Urals. There are not only found their tunnels. Siberian Dwarf people called "Chuchka."
Andrew PEREPELITSIN, head of the Interregional Group study secrets and mysteries of the Earth and Space "Labyrinth", himself and his colleagues set out to retrace the Siberian Dwarf:
"… For 7 ver. from Kungur towards Perm in Perm highway is under stone large hole in which is free to pass adult. In the cave to make a small step Copan. According to popular legend, lived in a cave that once "Chuchka" — small people … "
Wrote in 1925 in his article "Uncharted Cave" local history M.A.Blinov, hoping, apparently, that the unusual cave interested scientists. Alas — hopes were dashed in the years to a cave not only learned, but all lost. Only in the 1990s, known Permian caver Igor Lavrov, revealing article Blinov, decided to find a cave chuchek. According to the enthusiast, it was not easy to do — too much has changed in that area. Only in 2002 was discovered leading into the earth move …
Alas — although cave, called Babinogorskaya has been very interesting and diversified, with underground lakes — traces of it in ancient times people were not found yet. Including the "dug steps." That, however, is not surprising: even if the cave being identified correctly, the old entrance is now blocked by a landslide …
However Babinogorskaya cave — not only in the Perm region where according to legend lived mysterious Chuchka (by the way, Igor Lavrov and learned the value of the word — H1H century it meant "grubby"). Mention of them can be found in the literature, however, very scarce. Thus, in 1970, issued a guide to the Urals in the same sentence just mentioned Chuchek hill a few kilometers from the city Suksun. Getting to this neighboring kangaroos district center, we pass to go home. Initially, we are waiting for fiasco — Native almost no living recently at best only know the name of the skyscraper. Stories about its legendary inhabitants remembered only Anna Tretyakov.
— Dwarfs lived there, their Chuchka called! — Immediately declared companion, explaining: — No, chuchek themselves even in the old days, no one has seen, there is only a legend that they had gone away, when the Russian Urals settled and saw them … But the fact that they were small — exactly! From the mountain to the river stairs were made of stone, so that height stupenechki (woman his arms to the height of the palm). Several ladders were, I'll see them! My man is always late to cleared. Now, they probably pozatyanulo land up there all smashed, rooted out the woods … And the river long ago moved away from the mountain, it is tempting to our shores. One fifty years ago just opposite Mount Chuchek coast hit: opened log and tunnel. All were surprised, some people came and studied, they said go away. Then came diving, climbed and — as they told us — disappeared move: collapsed …
Attempts to restore among cavers and Ural speleodayverov help about "underwater tunnel" led to discouraging results — none of them study in the Mount Chuchek not hold, and never heard of such … Similarly, the archaeological study it appears to have been carried out. However, the tradition of living once stunted people, whether displaced, or knocked-displaced people, are prevalent not only in the Perm region, by contrast, are distributed widely in the Urals, although dwarf called in different ways:
— There was such a diminutive people — cranks. They themselves when a new population arrived, buried alive. Under Kharino such place is, like their graves. Is there any show. Summer at Trinity people there comes remembers them — enlightened me young hunter in the Komi-Perm district.
Ethnographer, now editor of the newspaper Kudymkar Helena Konshina summarizes:
— Such stories have a lot of walks. She wrote down. Usually say that these dwarfs, Chud, as often they were called, were burying themselves as conquerors arrived: dig a hole, put a roof on poles, posts … hem were long heard the moans and cries from the ground. So far there people every year come. Chud ancestors did not believe, but I still respect him. In place of one of their "grave" Even the cross set.
Known connoisseur Ural legends P.P.Bazhov undersized people heard about since childhood, and he lived in the south of modern Sverdlovsk region: "Most talked about" old people. " These "old men" dragged here all wealth, and then, as we have come to the local region, these old people navovse burrowed into the ground, only one girl left to look after everything. " "Old people do little been. They went underground for a slave named "Walker" and "knew everything inside." "The old people — it is not Russian and tatarva until they have lived here."
Gnomes, Zetta, seeds, chakli, Don-Bettyr …
In general, the legend of dwarf rudoznattsy long been portrayed throughout Eurasia, just call them differently: gnomes, Zetta, seeds, chakli, Don-Bettyr Ural tradition … However most realistic: underground inhabitants are not "Tom Thumb": the growth of just slightly lower than the average person, the average score with a "teenager." So, the very real African pygmies even lower legendary underground inhabitants! Yes, and "spirits" come from the world of children's dungeons in the Urals have never considered — just skillful, clever, but physically weak people displaced by the invaders into the ground. From legends and you can even find out the features of their social organization and culture. Thus, an unusually large number of virgins rulers can talk about matriarchy in chuchek. Is alien to them and stratification:
"Sirte (so called our heroes Nenets) now live in the land, because they can not stand the light of the sun, they have their own language, but they understand the language of the Nenets. Once Nenets, digging in the ground, attacked the cave in which they lived Sirte. One of them said, "Leave us alone, we are afraid of the light and the darkness of the land we love, but there are moves, go to our rich, if you are looking for wealth, and we are poor." Samoyed afraid to go dark passages and open them again blocked the cave *. (* N.A.Krinichnaya tradition of the Russian North)
Rich and poor — all as humans! So maybe underground dwarfs and are a human race?
For legends often stands empty distorted, but the reality. I tried to look for possible traces chuchek / Tschudi / older people, not only in folklore, but also among the archaeological record — and they were many. However, scattered and generally unsystematic. Another famous academician Simon Pallas, on the instructions of Peter which stood geographical description of the Russian Empire, wrote about "Peipsi Mine" and even found them in everyday objects: mittens and handbags. A little later in the same century is Russian Academician Ivan Lepekhin wrote:
"All the land and the current samoyadskaya Mezensky desolate area filled with homes of some ancient people. These should find in many places in the tundra lakes and forests with rivers made in the mountains and hills like caves with openings like doors. In the caves now acquire the furnace, and are iron, copper and clay fragments of household effects and moreover human bones. Russian call these domovischa Peipsi homes. These desolate homes, according to the Samoyed, belong to some invisible, actually called for samoyadski "Sirte".
Especially impressive mystery "Chud casting." Around the Urals found not thousands, but tens of thousands of so-called "shamanic plaques": cast copper and bronze miniatures depicting animals and people in a remarkably expressive poses. In 1910, one of the first Russian archaeologists A.A.Spitsyn released a satin with figures such gizmos. Study them, and modern archaeologists: the plaque is in many museums in the Urals. Critics even the term typed: "Perm animal style." Surprisingly, in the Middle Ages, their culture disappearing rapidly: in the southern Urals, a little earlier, in the North later. Undoubtedly, under the influence of immigrants who came to the Urals — the Turks, and Russian. Where did all the people of ancient metallurgists? Archaeologists, with whom I have spoken on this subject, shrug: some could be broken, part assimilated. However, all the semi-underground dwellings Chud look more abandoned, there is no visible traces of battles. Where have gone their inhabitants? Sometimes children of Tschudi, who went to the taiga, called modern Khanty and Mansi — however, in my opinion, the geometric patterns of embroidery have nothing to do with "the Perm animal style."
What if the legends are right, and Chud left not in the woods, and under the earth? Moreover, that experience in building semi-subterranean dwellings and devices ore mines this nation already gained a hefty. And there are precedents.
However, if the remains of an underground Tschudi survive today — why do not they go to the official, so to speak, contact? It is anyone's guess: maybe underground leaders lucidly explain subjects that on the surface people fry pans, you can think of other reasons … maybe, cranks and in fact already disappeared … In any case, it is clear — an initiative in search trace of them (or maybe you never know, and the dwarfs themselves) must belong to us, "the top people." Together with friends, I have many years of dreaming of a major expedition to the Polar Urals. Especially because some of the legends indicate the exact location of "caves Chud."
However amateurism in this matter is unacceptable! The search must be involved not only cavers and archaeologists, ethnographers, after all, interpreters of languages of small nations … Plus — places are very sparsely populated. So the expedition will take much time and costing a not too big, but still unbearable for fans of "penny". Perhaps interest in the search, threatens to open a new, unknown and unexpected pages of national history, especially the history of the North, will show the number of sponsors are located in areas of interest to us and gas companies?