End of the World, the Third World War and many more that could happen to our planet in the 20 th century, it was the fault of the people. I bring to your attention the 5 most stupid cases, because of which we have with you just could not be …
1. Cheap computer chip declares nuclear war
At two o'clock in the morning June 3, 1980 a staff member of the Joint North American Air Defense Command (NORAD) to validate the data devices, and found that the device that is always used to show "0 incoming missiles", now shows "2 missile attack." It was enough to panic, but the next second unit reported a "220 attacking missiles."
Alarms squealed across America. Bombers with nuclear bombs on board began to rise into the air one after the other. On the launchers of intercontinental ballistic missiles entered the team prepare for the launch. Ten minutes of world teetered on the brink of a nuclear apocalypse.
Fortunately, before the Americans managed to press the trigger, someone pointed out that hundreds of alleged warheads and has not appeared on the radar screens. Declared a false alarm, the bombers returned to their airfields and all exhaled.
Determine the causes of the strange incident took three days. It turned out that the culprit was a faulty computer chip, valued at 46 cents.
2. The accident at the telephone exchange almost led to nuclear war
In the 1950s, the U.S. Air Force built a network of early warning radar stations, which were, if anything, to report on Soviet missiles flying as soon as possible. These stations using special communication lines were connected to the main control of the Strategic Air Force aviakomandovaniya in Nebraska, with the air force bases, missile bases and the Joint Command of the North American Air Defense, located in Wyoming.
So when November 24, 1961 communication with the aviation command and radar stations suddenly broke off, started a real panic. It seemed that these stations someone suddenly erased from the face of the Earth.
Tried to communicate with stations on the emergency line — it is useless. Tried to call on telephone bills — long beeps and no response.
The logical explanation for all this could be only one — the Soviet Union bombed all radar stations, and along with Air Defense Command, and it is likely the first wave of deadly attacks, possibly followed by only the end of the world. The crews of strategic bombers B-52 across the United States took place in their planes. For the next 12 minutes waiting for the U.S. Air Force order to top the global extinction of the human race.
Fortunately for future generations, one of the B-52 aircraft at this point was already in the air, and just flew over one of these radar stations. Instead alleged he saw the smoking ruins of normal peaceful landscape with tselehonkim radars in its usual place. The pilot immediately reported it to be and everything calmed down.
Here's what happened: For some technical reason, absolutely ridiculous all telephone lines connecting aviakomandovanie with the above bases and stations, including reserve and civilian, served by the same relay station located in Colorado. That night there is an accident, and all possible lines of communication between those in whose hands had nuclear weapons and those who could order not to allow it to move, were severed.
3. Combined North American Air Defense Command (NORAD) informs America about the end of the world
The system of emergency warning is typically used to warn people of impending danger, such as a hurricane or tornado. In the United States, such a system was created during the Cold War in case of nuclear attack by the Soviet Union. Every Saturday tested it by sending meaningless teletype message to all the radio stations of America — just to check that the connection is and it works. It was common practice, and no special attention to those messages are not paid until …
February 20, 1971 at 9:33 am ordinary civilian radio operator radioteletaypnoy connection Weiland Eberhard absentmindedly ran in an emergency broadcasting system is not the message that followed. Instead of saying "This is only a test», NORAD sent to the cities and villages of America chilling message that a few minutes is going to appeal to the nation by the President.
In the understanding of the average American during the Cold War, there was only one reason why the president could break into millions of your favorite shows with an urgent message. This could only mean one thing: the atomic bomb already flying from Russia.
Radio hosts across the country repeated announcement of the mystical emergency, people rushed to call friends and family, to speak any words in case of end of the world and ask each other for forgiveness for any transgressions.
NORAD employees realized what had happened, almost instantly, but despite all the desperate efforts to cancel the alarm for a long time could not find the right code for assurances repealing posts. So about 45 minutes nation was preparing for an imminent death.
In the end, the code is still found, a message about the error that occurred and sent everyone breathed a sigh of relief.
In this story, there was another with serious danger. The fact that the Soviet Union and the United States closely watching each other for any signs of a possible nuclear attack. If, for example, Americans would begin suddenly, for no reason, no reason at all, shove their citizens about a bomb shelter in Russia it could easily be seen as a sign of bad intentions and respond accordingly. So if the panic lasted a little longer, it could really end up very sad.
4. Take a virtual war for the horrific reality
The story began November 9, 1979 at 9:00 am. One Air Force officer of low rank sat at the computer and downloaded the tutorial, which simulate the launch of thousands of Soviet nuclear missiles. In America's side, of course.
The officer did not know that the computer was connected to the central unit hardware Air Defense Command. When he launched his program computers from NORAD to the Pentagon began to report that all of Russia's nuclear bombs are on their way to America. "They were absolutely sure that the missiles are about to be here" — recalled Senator Charles Percy.
Each missile silo missile in America were sent messages about the attack and the order to prepare for the launch. Military aircraft began to rise into the air, ready to shoot down Soviet bombers. Presidential airborne command post was ready to be sent, and could not take off because no one could find Jimmy Carter.
Fortunately, the commander of NORAD decided to double-check the information about the reality of Soviet attacks before they give the go-ahead and arrange Armageddon. He called on the radar station and asked what they have going on there. Customers have reported that nothing suspicious was observed and everything is clean.
A lot of luck, that day even though the phone worked fine.
5. Russia takes a science experiment for the outbreak of World War III
January 25, 1995, scientists from Norway have launched a completely harmless rocket to study the aurora borealis. And though the Cold War had already ended several years, when a Russian radar recorded something similar to the U.S. ballistic missile panic.
In accordance with the developed on a case scenario, the then president, Boris Yeltsin was 10 minutes trying to decide on a counter attack on the United States. As is known, the Russian president is always in possession of nuclear suitcase with a secret code by which at any moment can make a doomsday. It was the first time that the bag has been opened.
Fortunately, Yeltsin could not believe in the reality of the threat and push the red button is not in a hurry. A few minutes later, it was reported that the missile fell into the ocean without causing anyone any harm.
Later it turned out that the Norwegian scientists in three weeks warned plans to launch 30 countries, including the Russian Federation. But this information was left unattended.
Congratulations to everyone that we are still alive!